Municipio de Mexicali
|Motto: Tierra Cálida
(English: Warm Land)
Location of Mexicali in Baja California.
|Municipality established||December 29, 1953|
|• Municipal president||Francisco Perez Tejada (PRI)|
|• Total||13,700 km2 (5,300 sq mi)|
|• Density||70/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Data source: INEGI|
|Time zone||PST (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|Website||(Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Mexicali|
|Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México|
Mexicali Municipality is a municipality (Spanish: municipio) in the Mexican state of Baja California. Its municipal seat (Spanish: cabecera municipal) is located in the city of Mexicali. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 956,826 inhabitants, and according to the 2000 census, it had 764,602 inhabitants, which means an increase of 22.5%. The municipality has an area of 13,700 km² (5,300 sq mi.) This includes many smaller outlying communities as well as the city of Mexicali. Also, the islands of Baja California located in the Gulf of California are part of the municipality, among them the mudflat islands at the mouth of the Colorado River (the largest one being Montague Island), Isla Ángel de la Guarda and the islands of the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park. Mexicali is the northernmost municipality of Latin America.
The municipality of Mexicali, is divided into 14 administrative boroughs (Spanish: delegaciones) of which the city of Mexicali occupies 3 beside the city proper area; all boroughs are in turn divided into colonias or ejidos. These boroughs offer administrative services such as urban planning, civil registry, inspection, verification, public works and community development and are served by a delegado.
The boroughs of Mexicali Municipality city are:
- Los Algodones, located in the Valley Zone.
- Bátaquez, located in the Valley Zone.
- Cerro Prieto, located in the Urban Zone, is part of the Mexicali metropolitan area.
- Venustiano Carranza, located in the Valley Zone.
- Ciudad Morelos, informally known as Cuervos, located in the Valley Zone.
- Colonias Nuevas, informally known as Km 57, located in the Valley Zone.
- Progreso, located in the Urban Zone, is part of the Mexicali metropolitan area.
- Ejido Hermosillo, located in the Valley Zone.
- Estación Delta, located in the Valley Zone.
- Guadalupe Victoria, informally known as Km 43, located in the Valley Zone.
- González Ortega, informally known as Palaco, located in the Urban Zone, is part of the Mexicali metropolitan area.
- Hechicera, located in the Valley Zone.
- San Felipe, located in the Coastal Zone, to the south on the Gulf of California.
- Benito Juárez, informally known as Tecolotes, located in the Valley Zone.
The former borough (delegación) of Compuertas is located in the eastern part of the city of Mexicali.
Cities and towns
Towns and villages
The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Name||2010 Census Population|
|Ciudad Guadalupe Victoria (Kilómetro Cuarenta y Tres)||17,119|
|Ciudad Morelos (Cuervos)||8,243|
|Colonia Venustiano Carranza (La Carranza)||6,098|
|Ciudad Coahuila (Kilómetro Cincuenta y Siete)||5,617|
|Vicente Guerrero (Los Algodones)||5,474|
|Delta (Estación Delta)||5,180|
|Benito Juárez (Ejido Tecolotes)||4,167|
|Michoacán de Ocampo||3,086|
|Viñas del Sol||2,509|
|Ejido Sinaloa (Estación Kasey)||2,505|
|Ejido Lázaro Cárdenas (La Mosca)||2,463|
|Poblado Lázaro Cárdenas (La Veintiocho)||2,388|
|Ejido Quintana Roo||2,311|
Adjacent municipalities and counties
- San Luis Río Colorado Municipality, Sonora - east
- Ensenada Municipality - south and southwest
- Tecate Municipality - west
- Imperial County, California - north
- Yuma County, Arizona - northeast
- (Spanish) pp. 78–79, La Transformación de Baja California en Estado, 1931–1952, Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen, Estudios Fronterizos, 1, #1 (January–June 2000), UABC, Mexicali, pp. 47–87.
- 2010 census tables: INEGI
- (Spanish) Link to tables of population data from the 2005 Census, INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática.
- (Spanish) Mexicali, Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México, Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal, SEGOB. Accessed on line November 15, 2007.
- (Spanish) Ubicación Geográfica, Mexicali government web site. Describes subdivisions of Mexicali.
- (Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Mexicali, official government web site.
- (English)/(Spanish) Mexicali Tourism Guide