Trzin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Municipality of Trzin)
Jump to: navigation, search
Trzin
Občina Trzin
Town and Municipality
Trzin Handicraft and Industrial Zone
Trzin Handicraft and Industrial Zone
Location of the Municipality of Trzin in Slovenia
Location of the Municipality of Trzin in Slovenia
Trzin is located in Slovenia
Trzin
Trzin
Location of the Town of Trzin in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°08′N 14°34′E / 46.133°N 14.567°E / 46.133; 14.567Coordinates: 46°08′N 14°34′E / 46.133°N 14.567°E / 46.133; 14.567
Country  Slovenia
Government
 • Mayor Anton Peršak
Area
 • Total 8.6 km2 (3.3 sq mi)
Population (2002)[1]
 • Total 3,385
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)

Trzin (German: Tersain)[2] is the only settlement in the municipality of Trzin. It is located in the eastern part of the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia.[3]

Trzin has a population of 3664. Its elevation is 299 metres (981 ft) above sea level. The municipality, which borders Mengeš, Domžale and the capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana, is divided into 3 parts: the old quarter, Mlake (the new quarter) and the trade-industrial zone. Until 1998, Trzin was part of the municipality of Domžale. The oldest part of the town is located between Onger hill in the west and Trzinsko Field in the east. Trzin's elementary school, town hall, library, fire station and the 14th century St. Florian's Church,[4] as well as a number of farms, are all in this part of the town.

Mlake, which is located on the west side of Onger hill, has banks, a kindergarten, a leisure centre and several pubs. It was built on a former swamp. The trade-industrial zone is the newest part of Trzin, built in 1985.

The Slovene politician and journalist Ivan Hribar was born in Trzin.

History[edit]

St. Florian's Shrine in Trzin stands in the northern part of the settlement next to busy Mengeš Street (Slovene: Mengeška cesta), which links Trzin and Mengeš. It was erected in the 19th century.

The oldest preserved document to mention Trzin is dated 15 May 1273. The document is a confirmation by the Carniolan state governor that a certain Vilijem Svibenjki yielded rights to six farms in Trzin on the behalf of the German nobility; the town is mentioned under the name of Direzin. Later documents refer to the town as Terzzein, Terzeyn, Trezein and Tersein.

Roman archaeological diggings testify to Roman settlements, because the Roman Emona-Celeia road led through Trzin. A local quarry has yielded a Neolithic stone hatchet, which proves the presence of a permanent settlement of this area.

Johann Weikhard von Valvasor described the inhabitants of Trzin as being renowned for making excellent beds, fishing nets, fishing rods and ropes, though they were mostly stock farmers. The local sausage makers are supposedly the 'inventors' of the famous Carniola sausage (Kranjska klobasa).

Together with inhabitants of Mengeš and Goričice, the Trzin people defeated the Turks on Mengeš Field. On 8 September 1813, they fought with Napoleon's Austrian soldiers on Mengeš Field, attacking the 7000 Frenchmen that were led by General Belotti.

During the French occupation, brigands flourished in the area, some staying after the occupying French forces had pulled back. According to a well-known story, the most famous brigand, Dimež (Franc Sicherl) and his accomplice Pepelnak (Matijc Mlakar), were killed by the smoke of Trzin's brickyard, on 20 January 1862.

The politician and later mayor of Ljubljana, Ivan Hribar, was born in Trzin in 1851.

Men from Trzin fought bravely in World War I in the north border under Rudolf Maister. Eleven men of Trzin fell and four were recorded as missing. During World War I, a nearby airport was used as a base for thirty-two airplanes. During World War II, 25 townsfolk were killed, three died as hostages, whilst five other inhabitants died in internment and 79 were evicted from their homes.

Trzin played an important role in the Slovenian Independence War of 1991, when the army of the Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia and the Yugoslav National Army fought on the bridge of the River Pšata bridge on 27 June 1991. Four soldiers from the Yugoslav National Army were killed, along with one member of the Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia.

Institutions[edit]

Trzin Primary School was founded in 1985. Prior to this, children in Trzin went to school in Mengeš or Domžale. The new school was initially named Edvard Kardelj Elementary School, but its name changed after independence was declared. The school was expanded between 2003 and 2005. Today, it has eighteen sections (first to ninth grade) instructing more than 350 children. It offers a wide range of activities in culture, science, social sciences, technical subjects and sports. Two pre-school groups, called Thumbelina (Slovene: Palčica) and Frogs (Slovene: Žabice), provide child care facilities.

From 1894, Trzin had its own municipality and gendarmerie. Municipal matters were run by a judge, with two assistants. On the formation of municipalities in the second half of the 19th century, Trzin got a local office, which operated independently until the Nazi occupation, when Trzin was joined to the municipality Mengeš. At the first election where councillors of the local people's committees were elected, the town was re-joined to Mengeš. In 1970, Trzin regained its independence, within the municipality of Domžale. Trzin became an independent municipality in 1998. The mayor of the municipality Trzin is Tone Peršak.

The Onger Mountaineering Society, which was founded in 1983, is named after the hill which divides the old and new parts of Trzin.

In the past, the Church of St. Florian has undergone several renovations, including after the 1895 earthquake. It contains works by several renowned artists, including Franc Jelovšek, L. Layer, M. Koželj and Jože Plečnik. The church, which was first documented in 1526, has been an independent parish since 1974.

References[edit]

External links[edit]