Tulum (municipality)

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Tulum
Municipality
Palacio Municipal
Palacio Municipal
Flag of Tulum
Flag
Official logo of Tulum
Logo
Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
Tulum is located in Mexico
Tulum
Tulum
Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
Coordinates: 20°13′N 87°28′W / 20.217°N 87.467°W / 20.217; -87.467Coordinates: 20°13′N 87°28′W / 20.217°N 87.467°W / 20.217; -87.467
Country Mexico
State Quintana Roo
Established 13 March 2008
Municipal seat Tulum
Government
 • Municipal President[1] Marciano Dzul Caamal
Area[2]
 • Land 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality 28,263
 • Density 13.9/km2 (36/sq mi)
 • Urban 18,233
Demonym Tulumense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 23009
Website www.tulum.gob.mx

Tulum is one of the ten municipalities that make up the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It became one of the newest municipalities in the country when it was formed on March 13, 2008, when it was separated from Solidaridad Municipality.[3]

Tulum is home to the Maya archaeological sites of Tulum and Cobá.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Tulum borders the municipalities of Solidaridad to the north and Felipe Carrillo Puerto to the south, in the state of Quintana Roo. It also borders Chemax Municipality and Valladolid Municipality in the state of Yucatán on the northwest, and the Caribbean Sea on the east.

Orography and hydrography[edit]

Like most of the Yucatan Peninsula Tulum is entirely flat with a gentle slope towards the sea, so from west to east, the area never reaches a higher altitude than 25 metres (82 ft) above sea level. The municipality is 5 metres (16 ft) above sea level on average.[4]

Like the rest of the peninsula's surface the land has a limestone base that does not allow the formation of surface water flows such as rivers and streams; the water instead flows in underground rivers that sometimes rise to the surface in the cenotes. Lakes and cenotes are the major bodies of water in the municipality.

Communities[edit]

The municipality consists of 170 populated localities, plus an additional 224 unpopulated localities, and includes part of a biosphere reserve (Sian Ka'an, which lies mostly in neighboring Felipe Carrillo Puerto Municipality). The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[5]

Name Population
(2010 census)
Tulum
18,233
Chemuyil
1,377
Akumal
1,310
Cobá
1,278
Chanchen Primero
875
Francisco Uh May
655
San Juan
599
Macario Gómez
510
Chanchén Palmar
469
Javier Rojo Gómez (Punta Allen)
469
Sahcab Mucuy
456
Manuel Antonio Ay
407
Hondzonot
368
Yaxché
335
Total municipality 28,263

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2010 28,263 —    
2010 was the 1st census year for Tulum.
Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía[6]

Tulum has 28,263 inhabitants according to the 2010 census, a figure that has more than doubled in the last five years.[4] There is an additional 15,000 to 20,000 people living and working in Tulum as part of its floating population. That number rises and falls with the tourist season and is not reflected in the census figures.[7]

References[edit]