Tulum Municipality

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Tulum
Municipality
Flag of Tulum
Flag
Official logo of Tulum
Emblem
Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
Tulum is located in Mexico
Tulum
Tulum
Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
Coordinates: 20°12′43″N 87°27′57″W / 20.21194°N 87.46583°W / 20.21194; -87.46583Coordinates: 20°12′43″N 87°27′57″W / 20.21194°N 87.46583°W / 20.21194; -87.46583
Country  Mexico
State Quintana Roo Quintana Roo
Municipal Seat Tulum
Government
 • Municipal President[1] Marciano Dzul Caamal
Area[2]
 • Land 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality 28,263
 • Urban 18,233
 • Demonym Tulumense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 009
Major Airport Cancún International Airport
IATA Code CUN
ICAO Code MMUN
Website Official Site
Municipalities of Quintana Roo

Tulum is one of the ten municipalities that make up the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It became one of the newest municipalities in the country when it was formed on March 13, 2008 as a result of its separation from Solidaridad Municipality.[3]

Tulum is home to the Maya archaeological sites of Tulum, and Cobá.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Tulum borders the municipalities of Solidaridad to the north and Felipe Carrillo Puerto to the south, in the state of Quintana Roo. It also borders Chemax Municipality and Valladolid Municipality in the state of Yucatán on the northwest, and the Caribbean Sea on the east.

Orography and hydrography[edit]

Like most of the Yucatan Peninsula Tulum is entirely flat with a gentle slope towards the sea, so from west to east, the area never reaches a higher altitude than 25 meters above sea level. The municipality is five meters above sea level on average.[4]

Like the rest of the peninsula's surface the land has a limestone base that does not allow the formation of surface water flows such as rivers and streams; the water instead flows in underground rivers that sometimes rise to the surface in the cenotes. Lakes and cenotes are the major bodies of water in the municipality.

Population[edit]

Tulum has 28,263 inhabitants according to the 2010 census, a figure that has more than doubled in the last five years.[4] There is an additional 15,000 to 20,000 people living and working in Tulum as part of its floating population. That number rises and falls with the tourist season and is not reflected in the census figures.[5]

Communities[edit]

The municipality consists of 170 populated localities, plus an additional 224 unpopulated localities, and includes part of a biosphere reserve (Sian Ka'an, which lies mostly in neighboring Felipe Carrillo Puerto Municipality). The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[6]

Name 2010 Census Population
Tulum 18,233
Ciudad Chemuyil 1,377
Akumal 1,310
Cobá 1,278
Chanchen Primero 875
Francisco Uh May 655
San Juan 599
Macario Gómez 510
Chanchén Palmar 469
Javier Rojo Gómez (Punta Allen) 469
Sahcab Mucuy 456
Manuel Antonio Ay 407
Hondzonot 368
Yaxché 335
Total Municipality 28,263

References[edit]