Munjong of Goryeo

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This article is about Emperor Munjong, the 11th Korean monarch during the Goryeo Dynasty (r. 1046-1083). For the 5th Korean monarch during the Joseon Dynasty (r. 1450-1452), see Munjong of Joseon.
Munjong of Goryeo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Munjong
McCune–Reischauer Munjong
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Hwi
McCune–Reischauer Hwi
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Chogyu
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ogyu
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1274
  25. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  26. Chungseon 1308–1313
  27. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  28. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  29. Chungmok 1344–1348
  30. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  31. Gongmin 1351–1374
  32. U 1374–1388
  33. Chang 1388–1389
  34. Gongyang 1389–1392

Munjong (29 December 1019 - 2 September 1083) was the 11th monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty, who ruled Korea from 1046 to 1083.

King Munjong was born in 1019, and reigned from 1046 until his death in 1083.[1] During his reign, the central government of Goryeo gained complete authority and power over local lords. Munjong, and later Kings, emphasized the importance of civilian leadership over the military. Munjong expanded Korea's borders northward to the Yalu and Tumen Rivers [2].

Munjong's fourth son, Uicheon (born 1055 [3]), became a Buddhist priest who founded the Cheontae as an independent school of Buddhism.

References[edit]

  • Eckert, Lee, Lew, Robinson and Wagner, Korea Old and New: A History, Harvard University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-9627713-0-9
Preceded by
Jeongjong
Rulers of Korea
(Goryeo Dynasty)

1046–1083
Succeeded by
Sunjong