Munjong of Joseon
|Munjong of Joseon|
|King of Joseon|
|Reign||May 18, 1450 – May 14, 1452|
|Born||October 3, 1414|
|Died||May 14, 1452(aged 37)|
|Place of death||Gyeongbokgung, Seoul|
|Predecessor||Sejong of Joseon|
|Successor||Danjong of Joseon|
|Issue||Danjong of Joseon|
|Royal House||House of Yi|
|Father||Sejong of Joseon|
|Munjong of Joseon|
|Revised Romanization||I Hyang|
King Munjong (1414–1452) was the fifth King of the Joseon Dynasty, who ruled Korea from 1450 to 1452. He was the eldest son of King Sejong and succeeded him in 1450, but died of disease two years later. He was succeeded by his son, Danjong of Joseon.
Most of Munjong's achievements were performed during his princely life. Although credited is primarily given to Jang Yeong-sil for inventing the water gauge, the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty state that it was the Crown Prince who found measures of water levels in the ground. Also, it was Munjong who took care of state affairs late during King Sejong's reign, as Sejong developed various illnesses and disorders.
Munjong was the longest holder of the position of Crown Prince during the Joseon Dynasty, holding the position from 1421 to 1450, a record 29 years. From 1442 until his own ascension to the throne in 1450, he served as regent to King Sejong.
- Father: King Sejong (세종)
- Mother: Queen Soheon of the Cheongsong Shim clan (소헌왕후 심씨, September 28, 1395 – March 24, 1446)
- Consorts and their Respective Issue:
- Royal Noble Consort Hwi of the Andong Kim clan (휘빈 김씨, 1410–1429) - No issue.
- Royal Noble Consort Sun of the Ha-eum Bong clan (순빈 봉씨, 1414–1436) - No issue.
- Queen Hyeondeok of the Andong Kwon clan (현덕왕후 권씨, 1418–1441)
- Royal Noble Consort Suk of the Namyang Hong clan (숙빈 홍씨)
- An unnamed daughter
- Yang Sa-chik (사칙 양씨)
- Princess Gyeongsook (경숙옹주, 1439–?)
- An unnamed daughter
- Moon Suk-ui of the Nampyeong Moon clan (숙의 문씨, 1426 – September 26, 1508) - No issue.
- Kwon So-yong (소용 권씨) - No issue.
- Jeong So-yeong (소용 정씨)
- An Unnamed Son
- Yoon So-hoon (소훈 윤씨) - No issue.
- Yoo Seung-hwi (승휘 유씨) - No issue.
- Court Lady Jang (상궁 장씨)
- An unnamed Son
His full posthumous name
- King Munjong Gongsun Heummyung Insuk Gwangmun Seonghyo the Great of Korea
- Given as a temple name upon her death in 1429
- Daughter of Kim Oh-mun (김오문), Lord Anjeong (안정공), Magistrate Pandon-ryeong (판돈령부사); and Lady Lee (이씨 부인). Granddaughter of Kim Gu-deok (김구덕). Niece of Royal Noble Consort Myeong (명빈 김씨), thru her relationship as Kim Oh-mun's elder sister
- First Princess Consort to the Royal Prince Successor, married in 1427. Formally separated in August 18, 1429, then later committed suicide
- Daughter of Bong Yeo (봉여), who killed her himself
- Second Princess Consort to the Royal Prince Successor, married in October 15, 1429. Formally separated in October 26, 1436 (instigated by Sejong himself), due to a series of scandals, involving her lie of her pregnancy, and her being caught in a lesbian act (sleeping with one of her palace maids) by Sejong himself, in 1435
- One of Munjong's former concubines; Seung-hwi rank. Became Lady Hyeondeok, the Princess Consort to the Royal Prince Successor (현덕빈) upon her marriage
- Was demoted in June 26, 1457, as Lady Hyeondeok, following her son's deposition and demotion as Deposed Prince Nosan (노산군) in June 21, 1457. Was posthumously restored back in March 12, 1513, and finally in July 15, 1699
- Daughter of Kwon Jeon (권전), Internal Prince Hwasan (화산부원군); and Lady Haeju, Princess Consort to the Internal Prince, of the Choi clan (해주부부인 최씨)
- Firstly ranked as "Royal Prince Successor Descendant" (왕세손), when Munjong was still "Royal Prince Successor" (왕세자) during Sejong's reign. Became the Royal Crown Prince when his father became King
- Eldest offspring
- Later married Jeong Jong (정종, ?–1461 년), son of Jeong Chung-gyeong (정충경); created Military Officer Yeongyang (영양위)
- Later married (April 16, 1454) Kang Ja-sun (강자순), created Military Officer Banseong (반성위); which she later killed upon learning of his affair with Lee Gil-sang (이길상)'s daughter.
- Daughter of Moon Min-ji (문민지)
- Married in 1442
Sejong the Great
|Rulers of Korea
|This biography of a member of an Asian royal house is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Korean biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|