Munjoy Hill

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From the Portland Observatory looking northeast on Congress St.
Looking northwest across Cumberland Ave. to the Back Cove
Looking southeast down Waterville St. toward Casco Bay with Bug Light, and in the far right-hand corner Portland Head Light

Munjoy Hill is an historically Irish American[1] neighborhood and prominent geographical feature of Portland, Maine. It is located east of downtown, and south of East Deering, the neighborhood it is connected to by Tukey's Bridge.

Geography[edit]

At the northeastern end of Portland's peninsula, Munjoy Hill overlooks the downtown and harbor to the south, Casco Bay and its islands to the east and north, and shallow Back Cove to the west. The Eastern Promenade rings the neighborhood and offers panoramic views of these features, as well as two lighthouses, Mason Station power plant, and the stone battlement of Fort Gorges.

Though less than a mile from the heart of downtown Portland and Interstate Highway 295, Munjoy Hill is relatively free of traffic. While densely settled, it is almost exclusively residential and due to the shape of the peninsula it is isolated from the major commuter routes. Congress Street, downtown Portland's main artery, ends quietly at the Eastern Promenade. Washington Avenue, crossing from the other side of Back Cove, might be considered the boundary of the neighborhood, with Fox Street and India Street areas merging into the downtown and Bayside areas.

The most significant land feature of Munjoy Hill is the magnificent Eastern Promenade, a park designed by the Olmstead Brothers design firm, as was Baxter Boulevard, which rings part of Back Cove. This Olmstead park has amazing water vistas wrapping from the sunset view at the Loring memorial above the shore for over a mile to a sunrise view over the Calendar Islands of Casco Bay and Portland Head Light, and ending at Fort Allen Park with a full sweep of Portland Harbor. The park includes a series of broad rolling fields, public gardens, monuments, playgrounds and ball courts on top of the bluff and, along the waterfront, East End Beach, picnic areas, and a municipal boat launch. The Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad Co. & Museum operates 2 foot gauge steam and diesel tourist trains along the Casco Bay shore of the peninsula. The shoreway trail, which begins in South Portland, runs next to the railroad line and connects with the Baxter Boulevard trail, all suitable for walking, running, and cycling. The small public beach is a favorite of kayakers, families, and, after 5 PM, dog owners and their pets. The launch is often used to ferry heavy equipment to the city's outlying islands, including Peaks, Little Diamond and Great Diamond Islands. Near the northern end of the Eastern Promenade, a monument to Korean War pilot Charles J. Loring, Jr. offers sunset viewing over Back Cove, plus an occasional glimpse of Mount Washington, about 70 miles (110 km) away in New Hampshire's White Mountains. Another park on North Street offers views of downtown.

The East End Beach is a small beach on the eastern side of Munjoy Hill.[2]

Prominent buildings[edit]

Portland Observatory in c. 1910

At the center of Munjoy Hill, on the corner of Congress, between Kellogg and St Lawrence Streets, are the Portland Observatory, the neighborhood fire station (housing Engine 1, Ladder 1, and Ladder 5) and Collucci's Market. Nearby on Congress Street are a laundromat, Rosemont Market, Hilltop Coffee, and three restaurants—The Blue Spoon, The Front Room, and Bar Lola.

Housing in the neighborhood is a mix of single- and multi-family structures. There are many triple-deckers, especially on Vesper, Morning, and North Streets. Many of these are rental units, with some condominiums. Only a small proportion have more than three units.

Until recently (March 2006) the neighborhood had two elementary schools, Jack and Adams. Jack was found to be contaminated with mold, closed and was demolished. Its students were relocated to other city schools pending the construction of a unified East End School to replace both Jack and Adams. The East End School opened to students in September 2006. The local polling place and public library branch services from the Adams school were moved to the East End School as well. The Portland Public Library's Munjoy Hill branch, within the East End school, was closed in 2010. The space now holds the school's own library.

There is a small, arts-based, neighborhood preschool, on Lafayette Street, called The Schoolhouse.

The St. Lawrence Arts Center is home to "Good Theater," productions and other arts events year round.

Education[edit]

Beginning in 2006, the neighborhood was served by the East End Community School, which was built following the closure of Jack Elementary School and Marada Adams School.

Parks[edit]

Munjoy Hill is home to a number of parks. The Eastern Promenade is one of Portland's most scenic and highly used public spaces. Other parks include Fort Sumner Park and Standpipe Park on North Street.

Fort Allen Park[edit]

Fort Allen Park, which covers 9 acres (3.6 ha) and abuts the Eastern Promenade to the south, was built in the 1890s. Fort Allen was used to guard Portland during the War of 1812 due to its high vintage point overlooking Casco Bay.[3] It is home to an American Civil War memorial bench erected in 1929, [4] and an historic bandstand which was built in the 1890s. In 2012, a local non-profit group, Friends of the Eastern Promenade, sought to restore Fort Allen Park to its original look.[5]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,815588,00.html
  2. ^ Insiders' Guide to Portland, Maine By Sara Donnelly, Meredith Goad
  3. ^ Murphy, Edward (July 6, 2011). "Fort Allen Park:Reclaiming the high ground". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Maine's Civil War Monuments". Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Koenig, Seth (February 14, 2012). "Fort Allen Park rehabilitation project reaches key stretch". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 

External links[edit]