Munster (European Parliament constituency)
European Parliament constituency
|Shown within Ireland|
Munster was a constituency of the European Parliament in Ireland between 1979 and 2004. It elected 5 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) in the elections of 1979, 1984 and 1989 and 4 MEPs in the 1994 and 1999 elections using the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).
History and boundaries
The constituency was created in 1979 for the first direct elections to the European Parliament. It comprised County Clare, County Cork, County Kerry, County Limerick, County Tipperary and County Waterford from the historic province of Munster including the cities of Cork, Limerick and Waterford. It was abolished under the European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2004 and succeeded by the new South constituency.
|Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) for Munster 1979–2009|
|1st||1979||T. J. Maher
|6th||2004||Constituency abolished. See South|
Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.
|1999 European Parliament election: Munster|
|Party||Candidate||% 1st Pref||Count 1||Count 2||Count 3||Count 4||Count 5||Count 6|
|Fianna Fáil||Brian Crowley||34.4||154,195|
|Fianna Fáil||Gerry Collins||18.5||83,106||117,783|
|Fine Gael||John Cushnahan||10.3||46,100||49,009||50,496||51,483||53,497||78,232|
|Labour Party||Paula Desmond||6.3||28,270||34,002||36,884||40,746||46,887||52,831|
|Fine Gael||Jim Corr||7.0||31,363||35,026||37,556||38,693||40,669|
|Sinn Féin||Martin Ferris||6.5||29,060||31,783||34,435||36,534|
|Green Party||Ben Nutty||2.3||10,257||12,330||13,643|
|Natural Law||Stewart Luck||0.3||1,267||1,602||1,897|
|Electorate: 823,008 Valid: 448,579 Spoilt: 13,724 (2.9%) Quota: 89,716 Turnout: 462,303 (56.2%)|
All sitting MEPs were re-elected.
|1994 European Parliament election: Munster|
|Fianna Fáil||Brian Crowley||84,463||23.2||1||1|
|Fianna Fáil||Gerry Collins||49,677||13.6||2||9|
|Fine Gael||John Cushnahan||36,906||10.1||3||12|
|Progressive Democrats||Desmond O'Malley||31,674||8.7|
|Fine Gael||Tom Raftery||31,250||8.6|
|Labour Party||Jim Kemmy||25,486||7.0|
|Fianna Fáil||Paddy Lane||19,369||5.3|
|Democratic Left||Kathleen Lynch||15,573||4.3|
|Green Party||Dan Boyle||10,033||2.8|
|Workers' Party||Martin O'Regan||6,270||1.7|
|Sinn Féin||Kieran McCarthy||5,171||1.4|
|Natural Law||Stewart Luck||890||0.2|
|Electorate: 755,176 Valid: 364,571 Spoilt: 5,319 (1.4%) Quota: 72,915 Turnout: 369,890 (49.0%)|
The constituency lost a seat and T. J. Maher and Gene Fitzgerald retired. Pat Cox resigned from the Progressive Democrats (PD) but succeeded in narrowly beating the PD leader Desmond O'Malley for the last seat.
|1989 European Parliament election: Munster|
|Progressive Democrats||Pat Cox||85,558||17.3||1||1|
|Fianna Fáil||Gene Fitzgerald||64,139||13.0||2||9|
|Independent||T. J. Maher||55,499||11.2||3||10|
|Fine Gael||John Cushnahan||43,326||8.8||4||10|
|Fianna Fáil||Paddy Lane||41,152||8.3||5||10|
|Labour Party||Eileen Desmond||29,979||6.1|
|Fine Gael||Tom Raftery||43,528||8.8|
|Fianna Fáil||Jackie Fahey||37,290||7.5|
|Workers' Party||Joe Sherlock||26,828||5.4|
|Labour Party||Michael Ferris||13,843||2.8|
|Independent||George Salter Townshend||2,577||0.5|
|Independent||Abbey of the Holy Cross Fitzsimons||1,794||0.4|
|Electorate: 703,913 Valid: 494,433 Spoilt: 10,786 (2.1%) Quota: 82,406 Turnout: 505,219 (71.8%)|
Tom Raftery of Fine Gael lost his seat to Pat Cox of the Progressive Democrats.
|1984 European Parliament election: Munster|
|Independent||T. J. Maher||55,079||16.1||1||3|
|Fine Gael||Tom O'Donnell||53,832||15.7||2||5|
|Fine Gael||Tom Raftery||44,236||12.9||3||6|
|Fianna Fáil||Sylvester Barrett||47,622||13.9||4||7|
|Fianna Fáil||Gene Fitzgerald||43,036||12.6||5||7|
|Fianna Fáil||Noel Davern||42,863||12.5|
|Labour Party||Eileen Desmond||26,162||7.6|
|Workers' Party||Joe Sherlock||17,304||5.1|
|Sinn Féin||Richard Behal||12,829||3.7|
|Electorate: 691,076 Valid: 342,963 Spoilt: 6,216 (1.8%) Quota: 57,161 Turnout: 349,179 (50.5%)|
Eileen Desmond (substituted by Seán Treacy in 1981) lost the Labour Party seat to Fine Gael, while Noel Davern lost his seat to his Fianna Fáil running mates.
|1979 European Parliament election: Munster|
|Independent||T. J. Maher||86,208||20.0||1||1|
|Fine Gael||Tom O'Donnell||46,820||10.9||2||8|
|Labour Party||Eileen Desmond||53,614||12.5||3||8|
|Fianna Fáil||Jerry Cronin||43,439||10.1||4||9|
|Fianna Fáil||Noel Davern||37,647||8.7||5||9|
|Fianna Fáil||Michael Herbert||34,034||7.9|
|Fine Gael||Alan Dukes||21,510||5.0|
|Fianna Fáil||Timothy O'Connor||29,595||6.9|
|Fine Gael||Jim O'Keeffe||25,664||6.0|
|Fine Gael||John Blair||21,615||5.0|
|Fianna Fáil||Seán French||16,655||3.9|
|Sinn Féin (Workers' Party)||Michael Dunphy||11,526||2.7|
|Independent||Michael B Crowe||2,268||0.5|
|Electorate: 641,625 Valid: 430,595 Spoilt: 14,597 (3.3%) Quota: 71,766 Turnout: 445,192 (69.4%)|
- "European Assembly Elections Act, 1977: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2004: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "1979 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Jerry Cronin resigned on 23 May 1984 and his seat was vacant at dissolution.
- Eileen Desmond resigned on 7 July 1981 and was substituted by Seán Treacy (LAB / PES) on 9 July 1981.
- "1984 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "1989 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "1994 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "1999 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.