Muntinlupa

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Muntinlupa
Highly-Urbanized City
City of Muntinlupa
Skyline of Alabang, Muntinlupa
Skyline of Alabang, Muntinlupa
Official seal of Muntinlupa
Seal
Nickname(s): Emerald City of the Philippines, Munti
Motto: Lakas, Talino at Buhay
Strength, Wisdom and Life
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Muntinlupa City
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Muntinlupa City
Muntinlupa is located in Philippines
Muntinlupa
Muntinlupa
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°23′N 121°03′E / 14.383°N 121.050°E / 14.383; 121.050Coordinates: 14°23′N 121°03′E / 14.383°N 121.050°E / 14.383; 121.050
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts Lone district of Muntinlupa City
Incorporated (town) 1601
Incorporated (city) March 1, 1995
Barangays 9
Government[1]
 • Mayor Jaime Fresnedi (Partido Liberal Muntinlupa - LP)
 • Member of the House of Representatives Rodolfo Biazon (Partido Liberal Muntinlupa - Liberal Party)
 • Vice Mayor Artemio A. Simundac (Partido San Pedro - UNA)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area
 • Total 46.70 km2 (18.03 sq mi)
Elevation 16.0 m (52.5 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 459,941
 • Density 9,800/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1771 to 1780
Dialing code 2
Website muntinlupacity.gov.ph

Muntinlupa, officially the City of Muntinlupa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Muntinlupa[2]), is the southernmost city in Philippine National Capital Region. It is bordered on the north by Taguig City; to the northwest by Parañaque City; by Las Piñas City to the west; to the southwest by the city of Bacoor; by the city of San Pedro, Laguna; and by Laguna de Bay to the east, the largest lake in the country. It is classified as a Highly Urbanized City[3] with a population of more than 400,000[4] and is given the nickname "Emerald City of the Philippines" by the tourism establishment.[5]

Muntinlupa was once notoriously known as the location of the national insular penitentiary, the New Bilibid Prison, where the country's most dangerous criminals were incarcerated. Consequently, Muntinlupa or "Munti" became synonymous with the national penitentiary although it has largely shaken-off this negative image to become one of the most progressive cities in the country.

Muntinlupa is also home to some of the best commercial establishments in the metropolis and is the location of Ayala Alabang Village, one of the country's biggest and most expensive residential communities, where many of the wealthy and famous live.

Muntinlupa is also the first city in the Philippines to ban the use of plastic bags and Styrofoam for packaging.[6]

History[edit]

  • 1601: Some 80 years after the discovery of the islands for King Philip II of Spain by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan, the original lands constituting Muntinlupa could be deduced to have been friar lands administered by the Augustinians, then sold and assigned to the Sanctuary of Guadalupe.
  • 1869: The lands were transferred to the state and large individual landholders. In an effort by the Spanish Government to bring under closer administrative control the people living in the contiguous sitios, as well as those in Alabang, Tunasan, Sucat and Cupang, the municipality was created upon the recommendation of a government official, Professor de Medicina and a prominent Castillan, Don Eduardo de Canizares.
  • August 6, 1898: The town supported the Philippine Revolution against the Spaniards and formally joined the revolutionary government headed by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.
  • June 1, 1901: The Philippine Commission promulgated Rizal Province on June 11, 1901 through Act 137. Muntinlupa becomes a district of Morong, Rizal.
  • November 25, 1903: Under the American regime, Muntinlupa was incorporated under Act 1008 and included within the boundary of Laguna province under the municipality of Biñan. Muntinlupa residents protested this Executive Act, and through their town head, Marcelo Fresnedi, filed a formal petition to the Governor for the return of the municipality to the province of Rizal.
  • March 22, 1905: Act 1308 paved the way for Muntinlupa's return to Rizal province to become a part of Taguig along with Pateros.
  • January 1, 1918: Governor General Harrison's Executive Order 108, which grants the petition of residents for an independent status of their municipality, takes effect. Vidal Joaquin, a native of Alabang, served as the first appointed mayor in 1918-1919 followed by Primo Ticman, native of Poblacion 1919-1922 while the first elected mayor was Melencio Espeleta (1922-1924).
  • January 22, 1941: The historic New Bilibid Prison, the national penitentiary, was established in the hills of Muntinlupa.
  • November 7, 1975: Muntinlupa became a part of Metropolitan Manila by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824 issued by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
  • June 13, 1986: Following the EDSA Revolution in February that year, President Corazón C. Aquino appoints Atty. Ignacio R. Bunye, Officer-In-Charge of Muntinlupa as part of a nationwide revamp of local government units. In the ratification of the 1987 Constitution, Muntinlupa together with Las Piñas formed one political district.
  • December 6, 1988: President Corazon C. Aquino by Proclamation 351 declares the 19th of December as "Municipality of Muntinlupa Day".
  • February 16, 1995: House Bill No. 14401 converting the Municipality of Muntinlupa into a highly urbanized city was approved by the House of Representatives. Then on March 1, Muntinlupa becomes the 65th city in the Philippines as signed into law by President Fidel V. Ramos, its conversion into a highly urbanized city by virtue of Republic Act No. 7926.
  • March 1, 2001: Republic Act 9191 declaring the First Day of March of every year as a Special Non-working Holiday in the City of Muntinlupa to be known as "The Muntinlupa City Charter Day" by virtue of Senate Bill No. 2165.
  • August 3, 2007: The city hall of Muntinlupa was completely damaged and later abandoned due to a fire. The fire started from the informal settlers area, behind the city hall. Almost all files, important documents and other references of Muntinlupa were burned.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population Census of Muntinlupa
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 278,411 —    
1995 399,846 +7.02%
2000 379,310 −1.12%
2007 452,943 +2.48%
2010 459,941 +0.56%
Source: National Statistics Office[1]

Local government[edit]

Muntinlupa City is governed primarily by the city mayor, the vice-mayor and the city councilors. The mayor acts as the chief executive of the city while the city councilors act as its legislative body. The vice-mayor, besides taking on mayoral responsibilities in case of a temporary vacancy, acts as the presiding officer of the city legislature. The legislative body is composed of 16 regular members (8 per district) and representatives from the barangay and the youth council.[8]

The Bureau of Corrections has its headquarters in the New Bilibid Prison Reservation in Muntinlupa City.[9]

Mayors of Muntinlupa[edit]

Districts and Barangays[edit]

Muntinlupa City is composed of a lone congressional district, and two legislative districts which are further subdivided into nine barangays.[10] Legislative District One contains four barangays in the southern half of the city, while legislative District Two occupies the five barangays in the northern portion of the city.

While Barangays are the administrative divisions of the city, and are legally part of the addresses of establishments and homes, many residents indicate their subdivision (village) instead of their Barangay. Listed below are the Barangays in each district and known subdivisions.

Subdivisions[edit]

  • Agro Homes
  • Alabang 400 Village
  • Alabang Hills Village
  • Ayala Alabang Village
  • Alman Village
  • Brazilia Heights
  • Brittany Bay
  • Bruger Subdivision
  • Camella Homes I, II, II-E, II-D, III & IV
  • Camella Rigdeview 1 & 2
  • Country Homes Subdivision
  • Don Juan Bayview Subdivision
  • Doña Rosario Bayview Subdivision
  • Doña Rosario Heights Subdivision
  • Doña Segundina
  • Embassy Village
  • Expressview Villas
  • Freedom Hills Subdivision
  • Freewill Subdivision
  • Gruenville Subdivision
  • Highway Homes Subdivision
  • Hillsborough Alabang
  • Hillsview Homes Putatan
  • Intercity Homes Subdivision
  • JPA Subdivision
  • Kalipayan Homes
  • Katarungan Village 1 & 2
  • La Charina Heights Subdivision
  • Lakeshore Village
  • Lakeview Homes
  • Liberty Homes
  • Lindenwood Residences
  • Lodora Village
  • Marina Heights
  • Mid-Land 1 & 11
  • Mintcor Southrow Townhouses
  • Multiland II Subdivision
  • Mutual Homes Alabang Village
  • Pacific Malayan Village
  • Pacific Village
  • Parkhomes Subdivision
  • Pleasant Village
  • Posadas Village
  • Primavera Villas
  • Rhapsody Residences
  • Rizal Village
  • San Jose Village
  • Soldiers Hills Village
  • South Greenheights Village
  • Southsuperville
  • Southville III
  • St. Jerome Emiliani Village
  • Sto. Niño Village
  • Summitville Subdivision
  • Susana Heights Subdivision
  • Teacher's Village
  • Tensuan Site New & Old
  • Tierra Nueva Subdivision
  • Tiosejo Village
  • Treelane I Park Subdivision
  • Tribeca
  • U.P. Side Subdivision
  • Victoria Homes Subdivision
  • Villa Carolina I & II

Economy[edit]

Barangay Alabang, part of the second district of Muntinlupa, has undergone tremendous growth mainly due to a development boom in the late 1990s. The development of two large scale commercial real estate projects namely; the Filinvest Corporate City and Ayala Land's Madrigal Business Park, changed the landscape of Muntinlupa City from what was once vast fields of cow pasture in the late 1980s, into a supercity that houses new residential, business, industrial and commercial establishments. It was a transformation reminiscent of Makati City's development boom some 30 years prior.

Some of the country's premier shopping centers, including the Alabang Town Center and the Festival Supermall, the towering Insular Life Towers, the Asian Hospital and Medical Center, and the Northgate Business District, which specializes in hosting information and technology industries, are important places of interest and landmarks of the city. Nightlife is still relatively staid compared to those of its neighbors, and younger residents often flock to other cities in Metro Manila, particularly Makati, Taguig, or Manila, during the weekend to enjoy the night out. This city has recently acquired the status "Most Competitive City" and the "Most Improved City" in the Philippines.[citation needed]

Shopping Centers[edit]

Shopping malls plays an important role in the economy of Muntinlupa.

Alabang Town Center main atrium.

Alabang Town Center is a shopping mall owned by Ayala Malls in Muntinlupa. This shopping mall has become popular for the people for the citizens of Southern Manila particularly those from Muntinlupa, Las Piñas, and Parañaque.

The mall includes a number of High-End international Boutique chains, including Marks & Spencer, Gap, and Rustan's Department Store.

The True Value hardware store there was renovated in 2009.

Festival Supermall or Festival Mall is a large shopping mall owned and operated by Filinvest Development Corporation located at the sprawling and vibrant Filinvest Corporate City Now (Filinvest City) in Alabang Muntinlupa City, and is acknowledged as the first theme mall in the Philippines. The mall opened in the middle of May, 1998, and it became Filinvest’s flagship project, setting the standard for shopping centers in the south of Metro Manila. The whole Festival Supermall complex has an area of 20 hectares, the biggest mall in the south of Metro Manila, with the most number of tenants, and still remains as one of the largest malls in the Philippines.

Festival Supermall is the biggest of all current 5 malls in Muntinlupa City. It is located at the heart of Filinvest Corporate City, a major business district in Alabang. The mall can be easily accessed via South Luzon Expressway from Filinvest Exit, Alabang Exit, and South Station Exit, and also via the National Highway and Alabang-Zapote Road. Festival Supermall is also adjacent to some of the largest malls South of Metro Manila, namely Alabang Town Center, SM Southmall, and other prominent malls like Starmall Alabang (Formerly Metropolis) and Lianas Alabang.

Starmall Alabang, or formerly known as Metropolis Star Alabang is the first community shopping mall in this city and it is owned by Starmalls, Inc. It has features and anchors like: Robinsons Supermarket, Robinsons Department Store, Finds, Cinemas, and among others.

SM Center Muntinlupa Activity Center

SM Center Muntinlupa or formerly known as SM Supercenter Muntinlupa is a second community shopping mall in this city and it is owned by SM Prime Holdings. SM Center Muntinlupa is the 30th SM Supermall built in the Philippines and 3 among other SM Supermalls in the Southern Region of Metro Manila after SM Southmall in Las Piñas, SM City Sucat and SM City Bicutan in Parañaque. The mall is built beside the Pepsi Warehouse and Land Transportation Office.

The features and anchors of the SM Center Muntinlupa are: SM Hypermarket, SM Cinema, SM Appliance Center, Ace Hardware, and among others.

Landmarks[edit]

Alabang area facing SLEX and Laguna de Bay
  • The Bureau of Corrections Administration Building - This is a prison facade that houses the offices of the prison administration. The maximum security compound, consisting of 12 buildings called brigades are located at the western side of the facade. The structures were built in 1941, but it is the area of the medium security compound that is being shown in movies and in television. The maximum security compount was never shown in TV or in movies, except for the Office of the Director and the front view of the Maximum Security Compound.
  • Jamboree Lake - This is the smallest natural lake in the country, a favorite hang-out spot for nature lovers, as well as ordinary passers-by looking for a cool respite from the tropical heat. The lake has been in existence since time immemorial.
  • Memorial Hill - This is a small hill in the NBP reservation compound that cradles a World War II Vintage Japanese canon. The hill is likewise the burial place of Eriberto Misa the famous Prison's Director from 1937 to 1949.
  • Director's Quarters - The structure manifest an influence of a pre-war architecture that characterizes the outstanding edifice. This was built simultaneously with the Administration Building in 1941. This is also the official residence of the Director of Bureau of Corrections.
  • The Japanese Garden Cemetery - The cemetery is a burial place of Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese general who became famous during the Japanese occupation of the country.
  • Insular Life Corporate Centre - Headquarters of the Insular Life Assurance Company, the first Filipino life insurance company where a marker was installed by the National Historical Commission on November 25, 2010, centenary of the corporation's establishment. Notable feature of the building is a bas relief sculpture of Filipino life and business by National Artist Napoleon Abueva mounted on its facade.
  • Muntinlupa Sports Complex - Located along Tunasan Baywalk, the sports center has a basketball court with a 3,500 seat capacity. It is also used for other public activities such as concerts and graduations.

Transportation[edit]

Road Network[edit]

Muntinlupa is accessed by these following major roads:

Pan-Philippine Highway (National Road) on Tunasan
PNR Metro Commuter Train at Alabang Station

Railway[edit]

Muntinlupa is accessed by Philippine National Railways with 3 stations. The following stations are Sucat, Alabang, and Muntinlupa (Brgy. Poblacion) Stations. There used to be a 4th and 5th stations in Brgy. Tunasan and Brgy. Buli, however both were discontinued to be used and finally demolished in 2009. Sucat station is a stop to unload and load passengers going southbound and northbound while Alabang station is the terminus unloading and loading passengers northbound. Currently Alabang station services 3 southbound trip a day in the morning, afternoon, and late evening going to Mamatid while Muntinlupa station services 6 trips a day, 3 northbound trips in the morning, afternoon, and evening and 3 southbound trips to Mamatid in the morning, afternoon, and late evening. Provincial trains only loads passengers in Alabang station, however currently provincial trains are cancelled due to track repairs.

Health[edit]

Ospital ng Muntinlupa[edit]

The city operates its own hospital. The Muntinlupa Public Hospital, Ospital ng Muntinlupa or “OsMun” provides general in-patient health service. Among the medical services offered by the Ospital ng Muntinlupa included Medicine (Cardiology, Cardiology-Heart Station, Emergency Medicine, Endocrinology, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Infectious Diseases, Nephrology and Pulmonology), Obstetric and Gynecology,Anesthesia, Clinical Nutrition, ENT, Pulmonary, Ophthalmology, Orthopedic Surgery, Pathology, Pediatrics, Pharmacy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Surgery. Ospital ng Muntinlupa also operates its own dialysis center.

The Ospital ng Muntinlupa was established under the administration of Mayor Jaime Fresnedi, which committed itself to health and welfare of its constituents by subsidizing up to 75% of the patients charges for Muntinlupa residents.. While the hospital may not be as equipped with modern facilities comparable to premium private tertiary hospital, it is nevertheless staffed with competent staff as well as sufficient standard medical facilities to facilitate adequate health service to the people especially to indigents.

Education[edit]

Muntinlupa has 16 public schools (12 elementary schools and 4 high schools) and 69 private schools (including colleges)

Here is a list of schools in each barangay.

Notable People[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

International[edit]

Japan Takasaki, Japan[11] United States Carson, California, USA[12] Romania Piteşti, Romania[13]
China Liuzhou, China[14] Sweden Staffanstorp, Sweden[citation needed] France Paris, France[citation needed]
Portugal Madeira, Portugal

National[edit]

Philippines Siruma, Camarines Sur Philippines Calabanga, Camarines Sur Philippines Sta. Cruz, Marinduque
Philippines Calauag, Quezon Philippines Bangued, Abra

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  2. ^ Based on 1987 constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, it is spelled as Muntinglupa (Instead of Muntinlupa).
  3. ^ "Philippine Republic Act No. 7926". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 11 Dec 2008. 
  4. ^ "Active Stats, City of Muntinlupa". National Statistical Coordination Board. 
  5. ^ . Department of Tourism http://www.visitmyphilippines.com/index.php?title=MuntinlupaCity&func=all&pid=502. Retrieved 19 Dec 2012.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "First to ban plastics in NCR, Muntinlupa City takes campaign further". InquirerNews. Retrieved 19 Dec 2012. 
  7. ^ "Muntinlupa’s city hall burns down". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2007. 
  8. ^ "Philippine Republic Act No. 7926, Articles III, IV, V". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 11 Dec 2008. 
  9. ^ "About the Bureau of Corrections." Bureau of Corrections. Retrieved on October 2, 2010. "Bureau of Corrections NBP Reservation Muntinlupa City, Philippines."
  10. ^ "City of Muntinlupa". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  11. ^ Sangguniang Bayan ng Muntinlupa (July 21, 1992). "Resolution No. 92-04" (PDF). 
  12. ^ Sangguniang Panglungsod ng Muntinlupa (Nov 10, 1999). "Resolution No. 99-147" (PDF). 
  13. ^ Sangguniang Panglungsod ng Muntinlupa (Dec 12, 2005). "Resolution No. 05-194" (PDF). 
  14. ^ Sangguniang Panglungsod ng Muntinlupa (Dec 7, 2006). "Resolution No. 06-362" (PDF). 

External links[edit]