Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i
|Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i|
Shaikh Muqbil bin Hadi Al-Waadi’i (1933-2001) (Arabic: مقبل بن هادي الوادعي) was a renowned Sunni Muslim Islamic scholar. He was the founder of a Madrasa in Dammaj which is known as a center for Salafist ideology.
His full name is Muqbil bin Hadi bin Muqbil bin Qa’idah al-Hamdani al-Wadi’i al-Khallali.
After finishing primary education in Yemen, Wadi'i spent roughly two decades of Islamic studies in Saudi Arabia under the well known scholar Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen in Najran and attended Halaqas led by Hadith scholar Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani and former Grand Mufti Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz and also studied under Muhammad al-Sumali It was after this that he enrolled in the Islamic University of Madinah.
Return to Yemen
In 1979 his stay in Saudi was ended abruptly when he was indicted on suspected involvement in the Grand Mosque Seizure. After spending a few months in prison, Grand Mufti ibn Baaz negotiated his release, though Wadi'i was forced to return to his home country; it was there that he began to spread the Salafi Da'wah in Yemen, with much initial opposition from the Shafi`is, Ismailis, and Zaidis there. While he initially harbored hard feelings toward the Saudi government due to his wrongful imprisonment, toward the end of his life he would ultimately recant his criticism, speaking highly of the country and its authorities.
While there he would go on to establish what would become one of the most important educational institutions of Salafi Islam in the world - the Madrasah Dar al-Hadith al-Khayriyya in Dammaj - teaching tens of thousands of students ranging from the Arab world to Africa to Southeast Asia to even the Western world. It was during this time that Wadi'i, along with Ja'far 'Umar Thalib, established the close ties between Yemeni and Indonesian Salafis.
After a prolonged illness, Wadi'i died in 2001. After his death, reports continued to surface of changes in curriculum and power struggles at the Dar al-Hadith, though these rumors were dispelled a few years later by contemporary Muslim scholar Rabee Al-Madkhali.
Wadi'i gained the respect of some (and the ire of others) in part through his rejection of Osama bin Laden, whom he blames - along with movements like the Muslim Brotherhood - for many of the problems Muslims face today; he further commented in an interview:
I did in fact send my advice and warning (to bin Laden) but only Allah knows if it actually arrived or not. However, some of those people did come to us, offering their help and assistance in preaching and calling to Allah. Afterwards, we found them sending money, requesting that we distribute it among the leaders of various tribes; they were trying to buy rocket-launchers and machine guns. But I refused them and told them to never come to my house again. I made it clear to them that what we do is preach only and we don’t allow our students to do anything but that.
Waadi'ee had earlier authored a book as well, referring to bin Laden as the head of all "sectarianism," "partisanship," "division," and "religious ignorance," and accusing him putting money into weapons while ignoring his religion.
Wadi'i's Dar ul-Hadith seminary and institute of Dammaj is known to oppose al-Qaeda and other radical extremist organisations, as Wadi'i himself stated in an interview with Hassan al-Zayidi of the Yemen Times in 2000.
In terms of Islamic jurisprudence, Wadi'i did not follow any established school of thought in Islam and opposed the practice of Taqlid, or blindly following clerics without questioning. His views on the principles of Islamic jurisprudence were almost identical with those of the Zahiri school; he rejected the usage of Qiyas, or analogical reasoning, in deriving rulings in Islamic jurisprudence entirely, recommending the books of Zahiri scholar Ibn Hazm in the principles of jurisprudence for details on the topic. Waadi'ee was fond of the works of Ibn Hazm, to the point that, when asked about Ibn Hazm's Zahirism, he advised every Muslim "to be a Zahiri."
OARDEC (July 17, 2007). "Index for Combatant Status Review Board unclassified summaries of evidence". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.</ref> Several of the captives had their detention justified, in part, through their association with Wadi'i.
- al-Ilhad al-Khomeini fi Ard al-Haramayn or the Impudence of Khomeini on the Land of the Two Holy Sanctuaries (criticism of the Iranian Revolution)
- "Laskar Jihad : Islam, militancy and the quest for identity in post-New Order Indonesia". pp. page 73. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- "What I Witnessed in Saudi Arabia: Shaikh Muqbil's Last Tape". Salafi Publications. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- "Laskar Jihad : Islam, militancy and the quest for identity in post-New Order Indonesia". pp. page 74. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- "Laskar Jihad : Islam, militancy and the quest for identity in post-New Order Indonesia". pp. page 76. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- "Shaykh Rabee’ Defends the Schools and Shaykhs of Yemen". Salaf.com. February 23, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- Interview with "Ar-Rayu Al-Aa’m" newspaper, issue #11503, 19 December 1998
- Tuhfah Al-Mujeeb, from the chapter “Who’s Behind the Bombings in the Two Sanctuaries (Mecca & Medina)?”, 1996
- Imam Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i Interview with Hassan al-Zayidi of the Yemen Times, 2000
- Al-Waadi'ee, Muqbil, "Ijabat al-Sa`il fi Ahamm al-Masa`il," Question #157
- Al-Waadi'ee, Muqbil, "Ijabat al-Sa`il fi Ahamm al-Masa`il," Question #320, pg.562
- OARDEC (August 9, 2007). "Index to Summaries of Detention-Release Factors for ARB Round One". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (July 17, 2007). "Index of Summaries of Detention-Release Factors for ARB Round Two". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (19 May 2006). "Unclassified Summary of Evidence for Administrative Review Board in the case of Al Yafi, Al Khadr Abdallah Muhammed". United States Department of Defense. pp. pages 56–58. Retrieved 2008-01-16. "
*The detainee attended a mosque in Yemen and at various times listened to sermons urging Muslims to seek a better life for themselves. On one occasion the detainee listened to a sermon given by Sheikh Muqbil al Wadi.
*The detainee studied for six months at the al Dimaj Institute in Sadah, Yemen under Sheik Muqbuil al Wadi.
*The al Dimaj Institute (Training Center) was used for indoctrination and recruiting grounds for foreign extremists/terrorists seeking entry into other paramilitary or jihad organizations."
- OARDEC (25 October 2005). "Unclassified Summary of Evidence for Administrative Review Board in the case of Al Mudhaffari, Abdel Qader Hussein". United States Department of Defense. pp. pages 48–50. Retrieved 2007-12-03. "The detainee studied under Sheik Muqbil al Wadi. Al Wadi is a supporter of the Taliban and jihad."
- English translations of his works
- Translations from the students of Madinah
- His autobiography
- Indonesia His autobiography