Murder (Dutch law)
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By Dutch law, murder (moord) is punishable by a maximum sentence of life imprisonment, which is the longest prison sentence the law allows. A common misconception is that the maximum sentence is 30 years (20 until 2006): this is the longest sentence that can be imposed other than life imprisonment.
A life sentence is given 4 to 5 times a year on average and currently over 30 people are serving a life sentence in the Netherlands. They will all die in prison unless given parole by the King. The average sentence is 12 to 15 years. In addition to a prison sentence, the judge may sentence the suspect to TBS, or terbeschikkingstelling, meaning detention in a psychiatric institution, sometimes including forced treatment.
TBS is imposed for a number of years (most often in relation to the severity of the crime) and thereafter prolonged if deemed necessary by a committee of psychiatrists. This can be done indefinitely, and has therefore been criticized as being a life sentence in disguise. Voluntary manslaughter (doodslag) is punishable by a prison sentence of up to 15 years, or life imprisonment when committed during the commission of a crime or as an act of terrorism. Involuntary manslaughter (dood door schuld) is punishable by a prison sentence of up to two years. If involuntary manslaughter is caused by recklessness, the maximum sentence that can be imposed is four years.
- Article 97 prohibits killing or disabling the Queen or Regent. Life imprisonment, maximum imprisonment of 30 years or a fine of the fifth category. This is a crime against the state security.
- Article 287 prohibits general killing. Maximum imprisonment is 15 years or a fine of the fifth category.
- Article 288 prohibits killing in order to commit a crime more easily. Imprisonment is either for life, or up to 30 years or a fine of the fifth category.
- Article 288a prohibits terroristic killing. Imprisonment is either for life, or up to 30 years or a fine of the fifth category.
- Article 289 prohibits murder, which is killing with intention and planning. Imprisonment is either for life, or up to 30 years or a fine of the fifth category.
- Article 289a prohibits collaborating with terroristic killing or murder as definied in articles 288a and 290 respectively. Maximum imprisonment is 10 years or a fine of the fifth category.
- Article 290 prohibits a mother to kill her child, in order to prevent others to discover that child's birth, which is defined as child killing (Dutch: kinderdoodslag). Maximum imprisonment is 6 years or a fine of the fourth category.
- Article 291 prohibits a mother to plan to kill her child, which is defined as child murder (Dutch: kindermoord). Maximum imprisonment is 9 years or a fine of the fifth category.
- Article 293 prohibits killing someone, if that person asks to do so. Maximum mprisonment is 12 years or a fine of the fifth category. Doctors in certain circumstances are excluded from this violation.
- Article 294 prohibits insisting someone to commit suicide. Maximum imprisonment is 3 years or a fine of the fourth category.
- Article 307 enables to sentence someone who can be blamed somebody other's kill (Dutch: dood door schuld). Maximum imprisonment is 2 years or a fine of the fourth category. Reckless dood door schuld is to be punished with maximum imprisonment of 4 years or a fine of the fourth category.
- € 78,000
- € 19,500