Murder by Death
|Murder by Death|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Moore|
|Produced by||Ray Stark|
|Written by||Neil Simon|
|Music by||Dave Grusin|
|Cinematography||David M. Walsh|
|Editing by||Margaret Booth
John F. Burnett
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Running time||94 minutes|
Murder by Death is a 1976 American mystery comedy film with a cast featuring Eileen Brennan, Truman Capote, James Coco, Peter Falk, Alec Guinness, Elsa Lanchester, David Niven, Peter Sellers, Maggie Smith, Nancy Walker, and Estelle Winwood, written by Neil Simon and directed by Robert Moore.
The plot is a spoof of the traditional country-house whodunit, familiar to mystery fiction fans of classics such as Agatha Christie's And Then There Were None. The cast is an ensemble of British and American actors playing send-ups of well-known fictional sleuths, including Hercule Poirot, Miss Marple, Charlie Chan, Nick and Nora Charles, and Sam Spade.
A group of detectives, each accompanied by a relative or associate, is invited to "dinner and a murder" by the mysterious Lionel Twain. Having lured his guests to his mansion (the address of which is shown early on as "22 Lola Lane" and spoken later as "Two-Two Twain"), managed by a blind butler and a deaf-mute cook, Twain announces that it is in fact he who is the greatest detective in the world. In order to prove his claim, he challenges the guests to solve a murder which will take place at midnight; a reward of $1 million will be presented to the winner.
Before midnight, the butler is found dead, and at midnight Twain himself appears, also dead; the cook is discovered to have been an animated mannequin, now packed in a storage crate. The party spends the rest of the evening investigating and bickering. They are manipulated by a mysterious behind-the-scenes force, confused by red herrings, baffled by the "mechanical marvel" that is Twain's house and ultimately find their own lives threatened. The ending piles on twist after twist as each sleuth presents his or her theory on the case, pointing out the others' past connections to Twain and their possible motives for murdering him.
After a brutal night during which one pair is almost killed by a snake, another by a scorpion, another by a falling ceiling, a fourth by poison gas and the fifth by a bomb, they all collect in the office where the butler—believed to have been murdered earlier—is waiting, very much alive and not at all blind: "The butler did it." However, each detective then claims that the butler is in fact various incarnations of Twain's associates, such as Irving Goldman (by Jessica Marbles) or Marvin Metzger (Dick Charleston), Twain's own daughter, or even the real Sam Diamond.
At first the butler plays the part of each of the persons with whom he's identified, but then pulls off a mask to reveal Lionel Twain himself, very much alive. Twain disparages the detectives (and effectively the authors who created them) for the way their adventures have been handled, including: introducing crucial characters at the last minute for the traditional "twist in the tale" (something the assembled detectives had been doing a few minutes earlier) and withholding clues and information that made it impossible for the reader to find out who had done it. None of the detectives walks away with the million dollars.
It is not clear whether any murder has actually taken place. In the last spoken line of the movie, Sydney Wang, when asked if there had been a murder or not, replies: "Yes; killed good weekend!" After the guests leave, Twain pulls off another mask, revealing "himself" to be Yetta, the cook.
Cast and characters
The plot takes place in and around the isolated country home populated by eccentric multi-millionaire Lionel Twain (Truman Capote), his blind butler Jamesir Bensonmum (Alec Guinness) and a deaf-mute cook named Yetta (Nancy Walker). The participants are all pastiches of famous fictional detectives:
- Inspector Sidney Wang (Peter Sellers) is based on Earl Derr Biggers' Chinese police detective Mr. Chan the Chinese detective and appropriately accompanied by his adopted Japanese son Willie (Richard Narita). Wang wears elaborate Chinese costumes, and his grammar is frequently criticized by the annoyed host.
- Dick and Dora Charleston (David Niven and Maggie Smith) are polished, sophisticated society types modeled on Dashiell Hammett's characters Nick and Nora Charles from the Thin Man film series. Their excellent breeding gets them out of a few scrapes during the course of the weekend.
- Milo Perrier (James Coco) is a take on Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot and arrives at the house with his chauffeur, Marcel Cassette (James Cromwell in his first feature film role). The portly Perrier is overly fond of food and appears annoyed that he must share a room with lowly Marcel. He is repeatedly annoyed by being mistaken for a Frenchman, as he is Belgian.
- Sam Diamond (Peter Falk) parodies another Dashiell Hammett character, The Maltese Falcon's hard boiled Sam Spade. He is accompanied by his long-suffering secretary Tess Skeffington (Eileen Brennan).
- Jessica Marbles (Elsa Lanchester) parodies Christie's other great creation, Miss Marple. In the film, Marbles appears as a hearty, tweed-clad Englishwoman with a frail, seemingly senile companion—her ancient "nurse" Miss Withers (Estelle Winwood)—for whom she is now caring. In real life, the two English-born actresses did not care for each other and exchanged mordant, biting insults.
- Charles Addams, creator of The Addams Family, drew the caricatures displayed under the beginning, the end credits, and on the poster.
- The film was shot entirely at Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California, then named "The Burbank Studios."
An additional scene shows Sherlock Holmes (Keith McConnell) and Doctor Watson (Richard Peel) arriving as the other guests are leaving. Author Ron Haydock states that an early draft of Neil Simon's script featured Holmes and Watson actually solving the mystery, but their roles were reduced to a cameo appearance and finally deleted as the lead actors felt they were being "upstaged".
- "MURDER BY DEATH (A)". Columbia-Warner. British Board of Film Classification. June 14, 1976. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
- "Murder by Death, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- Anger, Kenneth. Hotel Babylon. From Estelle Winwood Biography:http://www.basicfamouspeople.com/index.php?aid=1727 accessed 11/23/10
-  Amazon.com web site for video release, accessed April 2, 2007
- Ronald B. De Waal, The Universal Sherlock Holmes, accessed 4 March 2011
- Haydock, Ron. Deerstalker! Holmes and Watson on Screen. Scarecrow Press, 1978. ISBN 0-8108-1061-1
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