Murder of Kriss Donald

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 55°50′32″N 4°11′57″W / 55.842099°N 4.199232°W / 55.842099; -4.199232

Kriss Donald
Born (1988-07-02)2 July 1988
Died 15 March 2004(2004-03-15) (aged 15)
Barrowfield, Glasgow, Scotland
Cause of death
Stabbing/blood loss
Resting place
Linn Cemetery
55°47′55″N 4°15′31″W / 55.798583°N 4.258634°W / 55.798583; -4.258634
Residence Pollokshields, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Ethnicity White Scottish
Occupation Student
Known for Victim of racist murder
Height 5 ft 7 in (170 cm)
Weight 8.5 stone (54 kg)[1]
Parents Angela Donald
Website
http://www.gonetoosoon.org/memorials/kriss-donald

Kriss Donald (2 July 1988 – 15 March 2004) was a Scottish fifteen-year-old white male who was kidnapped, tortured[2] and murdered in Glasgow in 2004 by a gang of Pakistani men, some of whom fled to Pakistan after the crime.[3][4][5][6] Daanish Zahid, Imran Shahid, Zeeshan Shahid, and Mohammed Faisal Mustaq were later found guilty of racially motivated murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.[3][4] A fifth participant in the crime was convicted of racially motivated violence and jailed for five years.

The case, which featured the first ever conviction for racially motivated murder in Scotland, is cited as an example of the lack of attention the media and society give to white sufferers of racist attacks compared to that given to ethnic minorities, with organisations such as the BBC later admitting failing to cover the case sufficiently.[7][8] It is also suggested the crime demonstrates how society has been forced to redefine racism so as to no longer exclude white victims.[9]

Kidnapping and murder[edit]

On 15 March 2004, Donald was abducted from Kenmure Street by five men associated with a local Pakistani gang led by Imran Shahid. The kidnapping was ostensibly revenge for an attack on Shahid at a nightclub in Glasgow city centre the night before by a local white gang, and Donald was chosen as an example of a "white boy from the McCulloch Street area" despite having no involvement in the nightclub attack or in any gang activity.[10] Donald was taken on a 200-mile journey to Dundee and back while his kidnappers made phone calls looking for a house to take him to. Having no success at this, they returned to Glasgow and took him to the Clyde Walkway, near Celtic Football Club's training ground.[11]

There, they held his arms and stabbed him 13 times. He sustained internal injuries to three arteries, one of his lungs, his liver and a kidney. He was doused in petrol and set on fire as he bled to death.[12]

The five men convicted of the abduction and murder were convicted of racially aggravated offences. After the murder, some of Donald's attackers fled the United Kingdom to Pakistan.

The issue of the killing quickly became politicised because of the racial element. After the murder there were reportedly ‘racial tensions’ in the area sufficient to lead to police intervention.[4]

Arrests and first trials[edit]

Initially, two men were arrested in connection with the crime. One man, Daanish Zahid, was found guilty of Kriss Donald's murder on 18 November 2004 and is the first person to be convicted of racially motivated murder in Scotland.[13] Another man, Zahid Mohammed, admitted involvement in the abduction of Donald and lying to police during their investigation and was jailed for five years. He was released after serving half of his sentence and returned to court to give evidence against three subsequent defendants.

Daanish Zahid
Born (1984-01-29) 29 January 1984 (age 30)[14]
Criminal charge
Racially motivated murder, abduction, attempting to defeat the ends of justice
Criminal penalty
Life imprisonment (minimum 17 years)
Criminal status
In prison
Motive Racism
Conviction(s) Racially motivated murder
Imran Shahid
Born 1976 or 1977
Huddersfield[15]
Other names Baldy[16]
Criminal charge
Racially motivated murder, abduction
Criminal penalty
Life imprisonment (minimum 25 years)
Criminal status
In prison
Motive Racism
Conviction(s) Racially motivated murder, abduction
Zeeshan Shahid
Born 1977 or 1978
Criminal charge
Racially motivated murder, abduction,
Criminal penalty
Life imprisonment (minimum 23 years)
Criminal status
In prison
Motive Racism
Conviction(s) Racially motivated murder, abduction
Mohammed Faisal Mushtaq
Born 1978 or 1979
Criminal charge
Racially motivated murder, abduction
Criminal penalty
Life imprisonment (minimum 22 years)
Criminal status
In prison
Motive Racism
Conviction(s) Racially motivated murder, abduction
Zahid Mohammed
Born (1984-01-01) 1 January 1984 (age 30)[14]
Criminal charge
abduction
Criminal penalty
5 years imprisonment
Criminal status
Released from prison
Motive Racism
Conviction(s) abduction

Special extradition and later trial[edit]

Three suspects were arrested in Pakistan in July 2005 and extradited to the UK in October 2005, following the intervention of Mohammed Sarwar, the MP for Glasgow Central.

The Pakistani police had to engage in a 'long struggle' to capture two of the escapees. There is no extradition treaty between Pakistan and Britain, but the Pakistani authorities agreed to extradite the suspects.[10] There were numerous diplomatic complications around the case, including apparent divergences between government activities and those of ambassadorial officials; government figures were at times alleged to be reluctant to pursue the case for diplomatic reasons.[17]

The three extradited suspects, Imran Shahid, Zeeshan Shahid, and Mohammed Faisal Mushtaq, all in their late twenties, arrived in Scotland on 5 October 2005.[18] They were charged with Donald's murder the following day.[19] Their trial opened on 2 October 2006 in Scotland.[20]

On 8 November 2006, the three men were found guilty of the racially motivated murder of Kriss Donald. All three had denied the charge; however, a jury at the High Court in Edinburgh convicted them of abduction and murder.[15] The judge at the trial, Lord Uist, made a statement summing up the case:

You have all been convicted by the jury of the racially aggravated abduction and murder of Kriss Donald, a wholly innocent 15-year-old boy of slight build. He was selected as your victim only because he was white and walking in a certain part of the Pollokshields area of Glasgow when you sought out a victim. This murder consisted of the premeditated, cold-blooded execution of your victim by stabbing him 13 times and setting him alight with petrol while he was still in life. It truly was an abomination. The savage and barbaric nature of this notorious crime has rightly shocked and appalled the public. Your victim must have been in a state of extreme terror while held by you during a four-hour car journey across Central Scotland and back, and the agony which he must have suffered during the period between being stabbed and set alight and his death is just beyond imagining.

Lord Uist.

Each of the killers received sentences of life imprisonment, with Imran Shahid given a 25-year minimum term, Zeeshan Shahid a 23-year minimum and Mushtaq receiving a recommended minimum of 22 years.

Controversies surrounding the case[edit]

Lack of media coverage[edit]

The BBC has been criticised by some viewers because the case featured on national news only three times and the first trial was later largely confined to regional Scottish bulletins including the verdict itself. Although admitting that the BBC had "got it wrong", the organisation's Head of Newsgathering, Fran Unsworth, largely rejected the suggestion that Donald's race played a part in the lack of reportage, instead claiming it was mostly a product of "Scottish blindness". In preference to reporting the verdict the organisation found the time to report the opening of a new arts centre in Gateshead in its running order. [21] The BBC again faced criticisms for its failure to cover the second trial in its main bulletins, waiting until day 18 to mention the issue and Peter Horrocks of the BBC apologised for the organisation's further failings. [22]

However, Peter Fahy, spokesman of race issues for the Association of Chief Police Officers, noted that the media as a whole tended to under-report the racist murders of white people, stating "it was a fact that it was harder to get the media interested where murder victims were young white men".[23]

The British National Party were accused by Scotland's First Minister and Labour Party MSP Jack McConnell among others of seeking to exploit the case for political advantage, and an open letter signed by MSPs, trades unionists, and community leaders, condemned the BNP's plans to stage a visit to Pollokshields. The group did hold a rally in the area, leading to accusations that it was fuelling racial tension.[24]

Police "political correctness"[edit]

An article in The Scotsman newspaper alleged a lack of response by authorities to concerns of rising racial tensions and that Strathclyde Police had felt pressured to abandon Operation Gather, an investigation into Asian gangs in the area, for fear of offending ethnic minorities.[25] On 8 November 2006 Bashir Maan, a prominent Pakistani Glaswegian, also claimed on BBC television that police were well aware of the activities of Asian gangs in Glasgow but were reluctant to take action for fear of being accused of racism.[citation needed] In a January 2005 interview with a Scottish newspaper, he had previously claimed that "fear and intimidation" had allowed problems with Asian gangs in some parts of the city to go unchecked. The article also quoted a former senior Strathclyde police officer who criticised "a culture of political correctness" which had allowed gang crime to "grow unfettered".[26]

A BBC report suggests that another reason for inaction was lack of evidence, as locals were more prepared to make complaints than to give evidence in court.[10] Some commentators have argued the murder was somewhat mischaracterised in the media, as well as expressing a doubt that significant ethnic tensions exist in Pollokshields.[27]

Early release of prisoners[edit]

The case drew attention to the issues of prisoners automatically being released from prison early when it emerged that one of the murderers, Shahid, was on early release from a prison sentence at the time of the killing. He had previously been jailed for two and half years for a road rage attack but only served nine months of his sentence.[28]

Tributes[edit]

Glasgow band Glasvegas wrote the song "Flowers And Football Tops" having been inspired by the tragedy and the likely impact it would have in the victim's parents. The band dedicated their 2008 Philip Hall Radar NME award win to Donald's memory.[29][30][31]

A memorial plaque was installed on a bench by the River Clyde in memory of Donald.[32]

Legacy[edit]

One of the most notable impacts of the murder was to force some people to examine their views of racism and its victims. Commentators such as Mark Easton cite the racist murders of Donald and also Ross Parker as demonstrating how society has been forced to redefine racism and discard the erroneous definition of "prejudice plus power" – a definition which only allowed ethnic minorities to be victims.[9] Yasmin Alibhai-Brown also cited the Donald case when highlighting the lack of concern for white victims of racist murders. She drew comparisons with high profile ethnic minority victims, asking whether Donald's murderers were "less evil than those who killed Stephen Lawrence". Alibhai-Brown came to the conclusion that treating "some victims as more worthy of condemnation than others is unforgivable – and a betrayal of anti-racism itself".[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kriss may have been held while knife was plunged into him - The Scotsman
  2. ^ Callous killer of schoolboy Kriss to spend at least 17 years in jail - News - Scotsman.com
  3. ^ a b "Sikhs blame British policy of 'Asian' tag - Times Of India". The Times Of India. 17 November 2006. 
  4. ^ a b c Mcdougall, Dan (24 July 2004). "Justice for Kriss Donald held hostage by the law". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 
  5. ^ The Middle East, abstracts and index - Library Information and Research Service - Google Books
  6. ^ "Life for Pakistani men for killing white teenager". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 November 2006. 
  7. ^ a b Alibhai Brown, Yasmin (26 October 2006). "When the victim is white, does anyone care?". London Evening Standard (London). Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Robertson, Denise (31 October 2006). "Skin colour is irrelevant". The Journal (Newcastle). Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Easton, Mark (8 November 2006). "Racism and race crime redefined". BBC News. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c "Gangsters, murder and extradition" BBC News
  11. ^ Three jailed for life for race murder of schoolboy. The Guardian
  12. ^ "Boy was set on fire as he bled to death" at the Wayback Machine (archived November 25, 2006) Glasgow Evening Times
  13. ^ Two others convicted THE FIRST TRIAL - The Herald | HighBeam Research
  14. ^ a b Robertson, Alex (19 November 2004). "Gang 'nobodies' will pay price for their roles". Evening Times. 
  15. ^ a b "Trio jailed for Kriss race murder". BBC News. 8 November 2006. 
  16. ^ The evil empire - News - Scotsman.com
  17. ^ Ministers block extradition of Kriss Donald murder suspects - Top stories - Scotsman.com
  18. ^ BBC NEWS | UK | Scotland | Glasgow murder suspects fly to UK
  19. ^ BBC NEWS | UK | Scotland | Murder suspects appear in court
  20. ^ "Schoolboy murder trial under way" BBC News
  21. ^ Presenter: Raymond Snoddy, Interviewee: Fran Unsworth (11 December 2005). "Newswatch". Newswatch. BBC. BBC 1, BBC News Channel. http://news.bbc.co.uk/nolavconsole/shared/player/vid100.stm?clippos=0&clipurl=http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/avdb/news_web/video/9012da68002d768/bb/09012da68002d97c_16x9_bb!asx&title=NewsWatch%202%20December%202005&wintype=200&rhs=http://news.bbc.co.uk/nolavconsole/ukfs_news/hi/newsid_4490000/newsid_4499400/bb_wm_4499440.stm&cs=news&fsname=bb_wm_fs&bw=bb.
  22. ^ Presenter: Raymond Snoddy, Interviewee: Peter Horrocks (30 October 2006). "Newswatch". Newswatch. BBC. BBC 1, BBC News Channel. http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/avdb/news/video/63000/bb/63300_16x9_bb.asx.
  23. ^ Barnett, Antony (22 October 2006). "Racial murders: nearly half the victims are white". The Guardian (London). 
  24. ^ sundayherald.com
  25. ^ "Murder hunt police drop ‘politically incorrect’ gang crackdown" by Dan McDougall in the Scotsman
  26. ^ "Row over policing Asian gangs" at the Wayback Machine (archived September 27, 2007) by Imaad Azim in the iWitness
  27. ^ "spiked-online.com". Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  28. ^ "Fury over Kriss killer's early release". Daily Mail (London). 9 November 2006. 
  29. ^ Edinburgh's Hogmanay: First footers' stomp - Scotland on Sunday
  30. ^ T in the Park preview: Glasvegas - The Scotsman
  31. ^ "The extended NME interview". The New Musical Express (London: IPC Media). 21 June 2008. 
  32. ^ Now tranquil, the place where horror visited - News - Scotsman.com