Murder of Neta Sorek and Kristine Luken

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Kristine Luken was an American Christian who was murdered in a Palestinian terrorist attack on December 18, 2010 while hiking with her friend, Kay Wilson in the hills of Jerusalem. Despite multiple stab wounds, Wilson survived the attack; Luken's body was later found by Israeli police, bound and stabbed to death. The Palestinian terror cell that perpetrated the attack were later arrested. During the investigation, the cell members also confessed to the murder of Neta Sorek whose stabbed body had been found earlier that year near the Beit Jimal Monastery in the Judean Hills. They were convicted of a series of violent crimes.

Murder of Neta Sorek[edit]

Murder of Neta Sorek
Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Israel outline jerusalem.png
Red pog.svg
The attack site
Location Beit Jimal Monastery, Judean Hills, Israel
Coordinates 31°43′30″N 34°58′35″E / 31.72500°N 34.97639°E / 31.72500; 34.97639
Date February 24, 2010
Attack type
Stabbing attack
Weapons Knife
Deaths Neta Sorek (53)
Perpetrators

Ibrahim Ghanimat[1]

Kifah Ghanimat[1]

Background[edit]

Neta Sorek, aged 53, grew up in Israel at Kibbutz Afikim. She later moved to Sweden and then to the United States, but after two decades abroad, she returned to Israel, married and had a daughter. She had worked as an English teacher in Zikhron Ya'akov for 13 years and was member of the feminist group Women for Peace, participating in joint Arab-Jewish projects. Her family said she believed in co-existence;[2] she studied Arabic and met with Arab women from villages in northern Israel. In love with nature, she regularly walked outdoors.[2][3]

On the day of the attack Sorek was on a vacation in small guest house located near the in the Beit Jimal Monastery. Shortly after she reached the site she headed out for a walk around the monastery, where she was murdered.

The attack[edit]

On February 24, 2010, members of a Palestinian terrorist cell illegally infiltrated into Israel from Surif, a Palestinian Authority controlled area, through gaps in the security barrier near Betar Illit. They burgled a house and stole a car from Beit Shemesh and then drove to the Beit Jimal Monastery waiting for nightfall to make their return to Surif. At the monastery, they spotted Sorek walking alone in the monastery gardens and decided to murder her. They stabbed her to death and fled the vicinity in their stolen car.

Sorek's family were informed several hours later that she had not returned to the place where she was staying. The police were alerted and the Beit Shemesh police station began to investigate her disappearance. Dissatisfied with the police efforts, her family began to search for Neta by themselves. They knew that she had visited the monastery and approximated her whereabouts and eventually, her cousin and two friends discovered her body.

Initially the police suspected a suicide but after an autopsy was conducted, results showed her death was caused as a result of foul play. An investigation was launched to find Neta's murderers.[2][3][4]

Murder of Kristine Luken[edit]

Murder of Kristine Luken
Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Israel outline jerusalem.png
Red pog.svg
The attack site
Location Mata forest, Beit Shemesh
Coordinates 31°43′44.58″N 35°02′04.34″E / 31.7290500°N 35.0345389°E / 31.7290500; 35.0345389
Date December 18, 2010
Attack type
Stabbing attack
Weapons Knife
Deaths Kristine Luken (46)
Non-fatal injuries
Kay Wilson (46)
Perpetrators

Aiad Fatfata[1]

Kifah Ghanimat[1]

Background[edit]

Luken, aged 46, was an American citizen and a member of the Church's Ministry among Jewish people (CMJ), a Christian group based in the United States and the United Kingdom. Luken was born in Texas and lived for many years in Virginia while working for the US Department of Education before leaving to work for CMJ. She had recently moved to Nottingham, England, where she worked as a ministry staffer. She had first visited in Israel in 2007 as part of a Christian pilgrimage to holy sites and she described the tour as furthering her religious understanding and deepening her relationship with God. Luken met Kay Wilson, a British-born Israeli citizen, in August 2010 on a trip to Poland where Kay was guiding. They visited death camps and Jewish community centers. They became friends and Luken, a keen hiker, and Wilson, a professional Israeli tour guide, decided to go hiking together in Israel during the Christmas holiday.[5][6][7][8][9]

The attack[edit]

On Saturday afternoon, December 18, 2010, Kristine Luken, aged 46, and her friend, Kay Wilson, aged 46, were hiking in the Mata forest, near the town of Beit Shemesh, west of Jerusalem. They noticed two Arab men, Aiad Fatfata and Kifah Ghanimat, approaching them and were suspicious of their intentions. The men attacked them armed with a long serrated knife. The women attempted to fight back, Wilson managing to stab an attacker with a pocketknife, before they were subdued. The men stole their money and removed Wilson's necklace.

Wilson recalled: "I didn't understand whether they wanted to rape us or mug us. They removed my Star of David. I tried to convince them we weren't Jewish."

Wilson instructed Kristine to feign an epileptic attack and told their assailants that they were part of a tour group that would soon be returning. After half an hour at being held at knife point, their shoes were removed and their hands tied behind their backs. After gagging them with parts of a fleece jacket the two women were separated and forced to kneel on hands and knees. The two women begged for their lives to be spared but were then stabbed multiple times.

Wilson later told police: "I realized he was going to behead me. I saw Kristine murdered before my eyes. She was yelling. I didn't want it to hurt me. I tried to keep silent. It was tough, because the beatings were hard, but I tried to play dead."

Wilson was stabbed 13 times and sustained several broken ribs, punctured lungs and diaphragm, dislocated shoulder, broken shoulder blade, and a broken sternum; Kristine was fatally stabbed in the attack. The attackers returned a few minutes later to confirm that the two women were dead. Wilson was stabbed again in the chest.

She said: "I played dead. I saw [the knife] hadn't gone into my heart. My friend was dying, I heard her making gurgling sounds."

Wilson regained consciousness and found herself between bushes in the forest. Feeling weak and severely injured, she tried to shift herself to the forest trail so that other people might discover her.

She recounted: "I just wanted to sleep and felt as though I were about to collapse, but I knew I could not fall asleep. I tried to get up three times and fell down, I deviated from the path and couldn't find my way, and it was very difficult for me to breathe, but I had to make a switch in my head and think positive."

With her hands still bound behind her back, she staggered barefoot and bleeding heavily from multiple stab wounds for more than 1,200 meters until reaching a parking lot where a family alerted the authorities. She was hospitalized in the Hadassah Ein Kerem Hospital in a critical condition. Due to Wilson stabbing one of the attackers with a small penknife, the DNA on her knife led to the capture of a terror cell. She was declared a heroine by the Israeli Shin Bet and the Israeli press. [10]

Police and border officials staged a large hunt for Kristine, combing the forests around Beit Shemesh. After an overnight search, Kristine's body was found ensconced in bushes, bound and stabbed to death. Police believed her body had been moved there by the assailants.[2][3][4][5][11][11][12][13]

Aftermath[edit]

The role of the Israeli West Bank barrier in preventing terrorist attacks was analyzed and Haaretz concluded that while the West Bank barrier remained unfinished, terrorists continued to have easy access into Israel through the Beit Shemesh corridor from the West Bank.[14]

Memorial service[edit]

A memorial service for Kristine Luken was held at the Christ Church in the Old City in Jerusalem, with around a hundred people attending. Her family said that "she went boldly where she believe God wanted her to go" and was not deterred by the "questioning and ridicule from others". CMJ director, Robin Aldridge, praised her dedication and said she "radiated goodness that came from the inner core of her being." A memorial service was later held in Nottingham, England. Luken's body was flown back to United States for burial.[15]

Arrests[edit]

A month after the attack, Israeli police arrested members of the Palestinian terror cell responsible for the murder of American tourist Kristine Luken and the attempted murder of Kay Wilson. The police relied upon Wilson's testimony and DNA samples were produced from the blood stains of Ayad Fasafa who had been lightly stabbed by Kay in the attack.

Ayad Fasafa and Kifah Ghanimat were linked to the scene and confessed to the crime. Police discovered that Kifah Ghanimat was the leader of a Palestinian terror cell of four members, all residents of the Hebron region, that included Ayad Fasafa and Ibrahim Ghanimat.

In addition to admitting to Luken's murder, members of the terror cell also confessed to the murder of Neta Sorek from earlier that year and said that they had perpetrated additional stabbing and shooting attacks. The men declared their goal of murdering Jews. The Palestinian cell were indicted for two murders, two attempted murders, a rape and a series of other violent crimes.[3][4][16][17][18]

Trial[edit]

The Jerusalem District Court convicted Kifah Ghanimat of the murder of Kristine and sentenced him to two life sentences and 60 years behind bars. He was convicted under a plea bargain, under which he admitted to the murder of Luken and another attempted murder charge was dropped and two clauses amended. He was also convicted of unlawful entry into Israel, stealing weapons, weapons trading and four counts of attempted murder.

Kifah Ghanimat was also convicted of one count of aggravated rape from July 2009. After tying the victim's hands, Kifah had raped her at knifepoint in a cave near the Beit Jamal monastery.

The judges said that Kifah Ghanimat: "...was just evil for the sake of being evil, cruel and apathetic to his fellowman, as he stabbed two helpless women to death and slaughtered others with a large knife, and doing such things for months. "The cries of the victims echo not only in our imagination but are also heard in the family members' immense suffering."

Ayad Fasafa was convicted of a number of offenses including the murder of Luken and the attempted murder of Wilson.

For the murder of Neta Sorek, Kifah's bother, Ibrahim Ghanimat, received a life sentence and 16 additional years in prison and was also convicted on further charges including car theft and unlawful entry into Israel.[3][16][19]

Responses[edit]

After the trial, Wilson commended the Israeli legal system, the police and the Shin Bet but said that "even the death penalty would not be enough for the crimes they committed." She said that the events remain with her for the rest of her life and said, "It's not just the loss of a friend. It’s my loss of innocence too."

Luken's father, Larry, described his receipt of his daughter's shirt, pierced with twelve holes inflicted during the stabbing, and spoke of the void in the Luken family.

Sorek's parents and husband spoke of their difficulty in coping with the loss of Neta. Neta's twelve-year-old daughter was especially affected by her mother's murder and during the trial, the court were told that she would require help for some years to come.

Her ministry described Ms Luken as "a committed Christian with a deep love for the Jewish people" and said that it was a "tragedy that such a lively, caring and faith filled person should have been struck down in such a way."[3][5]

Kay Wilson is now an international writer and speaker, overcoming evil with good, in spite of, and because of, this experience. She speaks for the Israeli advocacy agency StandWithUS and for One Family Together, an Israeli NGO that helps Israeli victims of Palestinian terrorism. [20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Jpost
  2. ^ a b c d "Murder survivor: I still have flashbacks". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Palestinians get 3 life sentences for 2 murders". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Trial begins for killers of hiker Kristine Luken". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Body of American hiker Kristine Luken to be flown to US". BBC. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Palestinian convicted in murders of American and Israeli women near Jerusalem". Haaretz. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Stabbing victim 'found God' in Israel". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Slain U.S. tourist 'loved Israel'". MSNBC. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Memorial service for slain American to be held in J'lem". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  10. ^ "השב"כ: חברתה של התיירת שנרצחה פעלה כגיבורה".  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  11. ^ a b "Tourist's body found near Jerusalem". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Body of US woman found bound and stabbed in Israel". BBC. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Tour guide testifies in murder of Kristine Luken". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  14. ^ "With the West Bank barrier unfinished, the path for terrorists is wide open". Haaretz. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  15. ^ "100 gather at J'lem memorial service for Kristine Luken". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Kristine Luken's killer gets 2 life sentences". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Police: Palestinian cell murdered US tourist". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Palestinian man convicted of murders in J'lem mountains". Ynet. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Third Murderer of Kristine Luken Convicted". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.thetower.org/article/the-terror-within-a-survivors-tale/. 

External links[edit]