Murder of Nubia Barahona

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Nubia Barahona
Born Nubia Docter[1]
(2000-05-26)May 26, 2000[2]
Died February 11, 2011(2011-02-11) (aged 10)[3]
Body discovered
February 14, 2011
Other names Birth surname sometimes incorrectly reported as "Doctor" or "Voctor"
Parents Jorge and Carmen Barahona (adoptive)
Victor Bustillo and Sandra K. Docter (biological)
Relatives Victor Barahona (twin brother)

Nubia Docter Barahona, a ten-year-old girl, was abused and murdered on February 11, 2011. Her body was found February 14, 2011, wrapped in a plastic garbage bag in the bed of her adoptive father's pickup truck on the side of I-95 in West Palm Beach, Florida. Her body had partially decomposed from being covered in chemicals, possibly pesticides.[4] Her twin brother, Victor Docter Barahona, was in the cab of the truck with his father, suffering seizures from chemical burns and inhalation of toxic gas.

Her adoptive parents Jorge and Carmen Barahona were indicted on charges of first-degree murder, aggravated child abuse and child neglect on March 23, 2011.[5] They face the death penalty if convicted.[6][7][8]

The case has sparked outrage from Florida citizens and officials regarding the Florida Department of Children and Families' handling of previous allegations of abuse by the Barahonas.[9][10][11]

Background[edit]

Fraternal twins Nubia and Victor Docter were born on May 26, 2000, to Sandra K. Docter, a mother with drug and alcohol abuse issues.[2][12] Their mother had borne four children before them, all of whom had been taken from her by the Department of Children and Families (DCF). Nubia was born with an undisclosed "significant medical problem" (it has been reported she may have been intersexed[12]) that would require "significant medication, medical procedures and an undetermined amount of surgeries".[13] It was recommended she be placed in a medical foster home, but she was instead allowed to stay with her biological mother, who claimed to be sober.

The twins were removed from their mother's care in 2003 and placed with their father, Victor Bustillo, but they did not stay with him long. In 2004 he was charged with sexual battery of a child not in his care. The twins were placed in foster care, and eventually ended up in the home of Jorge and Carmen Barahona in Miami, Florida.[13] The couple had already adopted a boy with autism.[14] Jorge owned a pest control business; Carmen was an unemployed homemaker.[4]

In 2005, Nubia reportedly told someone at her school that her father was molesting her. Unclear on whether she had meant her birth father or her foster father, DCF investigated. They determined that she had meant her birth father and the case was closed.[4] Then, in 2006, school staff called DCF to report a large bruise on Nubia's face that they suspected was child abuse. The Barahonas were ordered to bring her to an appointment with the Department of Health's Child Protection Team in Miami, but did not show up until a week later. By then, most of the bruising had disappeared and state doctors agreed with the Barahona's assertion that the bruise was from a fall.[4][13]

Further complaints were filed in 2007: School authorities reported that Nubia was extremely thin, always hungry, and had an unpleasant odor. DCF investigated the claims, but were met with insistence from the Barahonas that Nubia's condition was not from hygiene problems or neglect, but caused by her medical condition. The investigation was dropped.[2][4][13]

The Barahonas began the adoption process of the twins in 2008, but were met with resistance from the twins' guardian ad litem, Paul Neumann. They claimed Neumann was operating "behind [their] backs", unfairly interfering with their adoption attempt.[15] They claimed they had a "personality conflict" with Neumann and cited that as the reason he was accusing them of neglect. To override him, the Barahonas wrote letters appealing to people as high up as then-governor Charlie Crist. Neumann was removed as the twins' guardian without explanation shortly before the adoption was finalized.[16]

The twins were formally adopted in May 2009.[1] In 2010, complaints similar to the ones in 2007 were again raised by school authorities, this time adding that Nubia was losing her hair. DCF was met with the same reasoning from the Barahonas—that it was cause by her endocrine condition and medication she was taking for it—and the investigation was dropped again.[4][13]

"Toxic Truck"[edit]

At 5:00 am on Monday, February 14, 2011, a Road Ranger noticed a red Toyota pickup truck on the shoulder of northbound I-95 between Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard and 45th Street in West Palm Beach. When the truck was still there two and a half hours later, he called the police.[17]

West Palm Beach Fire Rescue responded to the call and found 53-year-old Jorge Barahona on the ground and 10-year-old Victor Barahona in the cab of the truck. Both were conscious by the time rescuers arrived, but Victor was convulsing with seizures. One fireman was overcome by a strong smell when approaching the truck, and decontamination procedures were started. The bed of the truck was full of plastic containers of chemicals; some unlabeled. The truck was branded with the name of Jorge's pest extermination business, CJ Pest Control, causing investigators to believe the chemicals were pesticides. One unlabeled container held some form of acid, causing firefighters to wonder why an exterminator would have such a chemical. State Troopers were sent to the address of CJ Pest Control, but were unable to contact anyone.[18]

Further investigation revealed that Victor was covered in acid, and there was so much of it in the car that it soaked the carpet and seats, making the air around the truck poisonous. Victor and Jorge were taken to separate hospitals for their injuries. A city hazmat team and the state Department of Environmental Protection arrived by the afternoon to decontaminate the area. At about 3:45 pm, a DEP contractor sorting through tubs of chemicals in the bed of the truck found a black garbage bag. Inside were human remains.[17]

FBI investigators joined the effort to decontaminate the site to clear the way for county forensics investigators to examine the body. At about 8:30 pm Tuesday the body was taken to the medical examiner's office for an autopsy.[17] The identity of the body was withheld from the public for two days after its discovery, then revealed to be that of Nubia Barahona, Victor's twin sister.[19] Her body was badly decomposed and difficult to identify, as it had been covered with acid and other hazardous chemicals.

Investigation[edit]

Victor was initially taken to nearby St. Mary's Medical Center (West Palm Beach), then transferred two days later to Jackson Memorial Hospital's burn center in Miami. He had suffered "severe internal reactions" to the inhalation of toxic fumes in the truck, and had chemical burns over large portions of his body. Doctors also found several previous injuries to the boy, including a broken collarbone, broken arm, scars on his buttocks and lower abdomen, and rope marks on both wrists.[19] Victor was finally released on March 2, 2011, and placed in a therapeutic foster home.[20]

Jorge was arrested on child abuse charges against Victor and moved from Columbia Hospital (West Palm Beach, Florida) to the Palm Beach County jail on February 16. While in custody, he confessed to police that he had been upset by the death of his daughter and had driven to Palm Beach County with the plan to commit suicide by setting himself on fire. He said the shoulder of I-95 was chosen so that he would be "easily found".[19] He claimed he gave Victor a handful of sleeping pills, then, with the boy's head in his lap, poured gasoline over his own head. He then attempted to ignite a lighter, but could not do it, as he did not want to take Victor with him. Investigators found a red gasoline container in the truck filled with acid. When asked by police why he did not have as many obvious burns as Victor, Jorge said that some of the gas must have splashed the boy. The police concluded that Jorge's version of events was inconsistent with the boy's injuries.[19]

Autopsy results concluded that Nubia was beaten to death on February 11; the day a DCF official came to investigate a call to their abuse hotline. According to the police report, Jorge allegedly "repeatedly punched and beat Nubia" who "screamed and cried until she was dead".[3][11]

Carmen Barahona, Jorge's wife, told investigators when questioned that she and her husband had been separated for six months, when in fact they had never been apart.[9] The couple's other two children were taken from the home and placed with Carmen's parents, then placed in foster care.[21]

A "family secret"[edit]

On February 10, 2011, four days before Jorge Barahona's truck was found on the side of the road, the therapist of Carmen Barahona's granddaughter, Alessandra, placed a call to child welfare officials. Alessandra had alleged to her therapist that while visiting her grandmother's house, twins Nubia and Victor were bound by their hands and feet and made to stand for hours in a bathtub. Their hands were unbound only when it was time to eat, she claimed, and she also alleged that she was not permitted to speak to them when she used the bathroom. The therapist told the operator that Alessandra felt threatened by her grandmother to keep quiet.[22] Carmen allegedly told Alessandra not to tell people about how the twins were treated because it was a "family secret".[9]

The couple's 11-year-old autistic son, Jorge, also tried to tell a DCF investigator visiting the home shortly before Nubia's death about a "secret", but the investigator claimed Carmen dismissed him as "low-functioning" and told him to watch TV in another room.[9]

After the discovery of Nubia's body, Alessandra was removed from the care of her mother, Jennifer Perez, and placed with her father, Yovani Perez. In addition, a judge ordered that neither the girl's mother nor any member of her family have any contact with the girl.[21][23] A DCF official stated that Alessandra should no longer be with her mother because "the mother, Jennifer Perez, not only psychologically abused the child by exposing her to the torture of the twins, but also by threatening the child over and over to keep quiet and encourage her to be complicit in the deception, that is including a calculated effort by the mother to keep the child from disclosing it to DCF officials."[23]

Role of DCF[edit]

The Florida Department of Children and Families has been heavily criticized for their handling of the Barahona case.[9][10][11][24] Judge Cindy Lederman expressed outrage at the actions of Andrea Fleary, a DCF worker assigned to the case. On Thursday, February 10, Fleary visited the Barahona home to investigate an abuse hotline call, but despite not making contact with the children, she reported they were safe.[11] When Fleary told the judge about 11-year-old Jorge's attempts to alert her to abuse on Friday, she said the conversations had taken place late in the evening. Judge Lederman responded "So we don't do investigations on weekends? Is that what you are telling me?"[9] Fleary responded that she had stopped her investigation at 9 pm because "we don't do investigations on weekends."[25]

DCF Secretary David Wilkins defended Fleary, claiming she was rattled during the hearing and that "[w]e do investigations 24/7 [...] We have employees who work weekends. We have employees who work nights."[25] Fleary was first placed on paid administrative leave,[26] then fired.[27] When asked how they could have ignored signs of Nubia's abuse, such as her hair loss and constant hunger, Wilkins stated that "[t]he medical conditions of the children complicated the decision-making of our investigators".[25] Wilkins also reminded critics that "these people have been deceiving the system for quite a long time".[25]

In response to the Docter twins being adopted despite objections from their guardian ad litem Paul Neumann, head of Miami-Dade County's guardian ad litem program Sonia Ferrer said the program did everything it could at the time despite admitting Neumann had concerns. She said that the judge overseeing the adoption had heard other evidence and decided to place them with the Barahonas.[25]

Wilkins called upon David Lawrence Jr., former publisher of The Miami Herald and current president of the Children's Movement of Florida, Coral Gables attorney Bobby Martinez, a former U.S. Attorney in South Florida, and James Sewell, former assistant commissioner of the Florida Department of Law Enforcement and chair of the task force that investigated the 2009 death of Broward County foster child Gabriel Myers, to look into the handling of the Barahona case.[26] The panel subsequently called DCF's handling of the case "inept" and a "failure of common sense and listening".[11]

Wilkins, who had only been DCF secretary for a few months at the time of Nubia's death, has also criticized the organization's abuse hotline, comparing it to a "low-cost call center". Regarding a call reporting the Barahonas, Wilkins said "[t]hey have a low-cost call center mentality ... You don't want to get off the phone in this situation [...] you could tell the operator wanted to get off the phone because he's measured by how long his call is."[10] Employees are rated by how quickly they handle calls because in the past they had been criticized for taking too long to answer calls, causing callers to hang up. Wilkins also claims the technology is outdated, making it difficult to piece together different parts of a case from separate calls. He claimed to have plans to remedy these situations.[10]

Charges and trial[edit]

After being informed he needed to attend a hearing on a felony child abuse charge, Jorge Barahona tried twice to injure himself. He first jumped backward off of a sink in his cell, landing on his head. He was examined and declared competent to stand before a judge, but refused to cooperate with deputies and did not show up for the hearing. At the hearing, his bail was set for $1 million. He later attempted again to injure himself and was taken to a hospital for a CT scan, then returned to jail and placed in the mental health unit.[28]

Carmen Barahona filed for divorce from Jorge in late February,[23] but was arrested and charged with first-degree murder on March 5. She is being held without bond.[29]

Jorge and Carmen Barahona together have been indicted on eighteen charges: one count of first-degree murder, eight counts of child abuse resulting in great bodily harm, one count of child neglect resulting in great harm, six counts of child neglect (no great harm), one count of child neglect (no great bodily harm), and one count of mutilating a dead body.[30] They face the death penalty if convicted.[6][7][8][31]

The Barahonas have both pleaded not guilty to first-degree murder and child abuse charges. Trial dates have not yet been set.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Barahona twins had talked of suicide to psychologist before adoption". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Files cloudy on truth of twins' lives before one ended up dead and the other wounded on toxic truck". The Palm Beach Post. February 21, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Police: Jorge Barahona beat girl, who 'screamed and cried until she was dead'". The Palm Beach Post. March 7, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Dade County home where abused twins lived was a house of horrors". The Palm Beach Post. February 20, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Miami-Dade grand jury indicts Barahonas". The Palm Beach Post. March 23, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Miami couple to face death penalty in child murder case". Reuters. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "State seeks death penalty in Barahona's adopted girl's murder". The Miami Herald. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Prosecutors to seek death penalty in girl's death". Associated Press. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Judge shows outrage at DCF's handling of abuse call in Barahona case". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d "DCF head calls agency's abuse hot line 'low-cost call center'; wants overhaul". The Palm Beach Post. March 23, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Review panel blasts DCF for failing to save Nubia". The Palm Beach Post. March 10, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b "Documents Detail Short, Sad Life of Nubia Doctor, Found Dead in Father's Truck". ABC News. February 22, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "State agency had many warnings during abused girl’s life". The Miami Herald. February 21, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Barahona couple projected upbeat image during foster process". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Couple under scrutiny fought to adopt twins". The Palm Beach Post. February 18, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Guardian claims he was pulled from Barahona twins' case with no explanation". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c "Boy found inside truck was covered with 'acid', police say". The Palm Beach Post. February 15, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Body found in pesticide service truck near Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard". The Palm Beach Post. February 14, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Father confesses he drove to PBC to set himself on fire with son, dead daughter in truck". The Palm Beach Post. February 16, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  20. ^ "DCF official: 'Long road of rehab' ahead for Victor Barahona". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  21. ^ a b "Macabre child abuse scandal: Girl, 6, in dad’s protective custody". The Palm Beach Post. February 19, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Abuse hotline call reveals 6-year-old's shocking story: Twins were tied up 'all day, all night'; bathtub seized". The Palm Beach Post. February 28, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b c "Judge orders mother to have no contact with 7-year-old in Barahona case; Carmen Barahona seeking a divorce". The Palm Beach Post. February 22, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Big, troubled DCF in hot seat again". The Palm Beach Post. February 19, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "DCF head defends agency's handling of abused twins". The Palm Beach Post. February 17, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  26. ^ a b "DCF head names 3 to review agency's handling of case of dead girl, injured boy". The Palm Beach Post. February 21, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  27. ^ "DCF strives to avoid errors of past overhauls". The Palm Beach Post. April 10, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Father of dead girl, injured boy in jail’s mental health unit after 2 attempts at injuring himself". The Palm Beach Post. February 17, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Adoptive mother charged with first-degree murder in Nubia's death". The Palm Beach Post. March 5, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  30. ^ "State of Florida v. Carmen V. Barahona and Jorge Barahona". CIRCUIT COURT OF THE ELEVENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR MIAMI-DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Barahonas to face death penalty on charges of murdering adopted daughter; trial set for July". The Palm Beach Post. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 

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