Murderkill River

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Coordinates: 39°03′30″N 75°23′48″W / 39.05833°N 75.39667°W / 39.05833; -75.39667
Murderkill River
River
Murderkill River.jpg
The Murderkill River downstream of Killens Pond in 2006
Country United States
State Delaware
Source
 - location near Felton
 - coordinates 39°01′03″N 75°35′31″W / 39.01750°N 75.59194°W / 39.01750; -75.59194 [1]
Mouth Delaware Bay
 - location Bowers
 - elevation 3 ft (1 m) [1]
 - coordinates 39°03′30″N 75°23′48″W / 39.05833°N 75.39667°W / 39.05833; -75.39667 [1]
Length 22 mi (35 km) [2]
Basin 106 sq mi (275 km2) [3]
Location of the mouth of the Murderkill River

The Murderkill River is a river flowing to Delaware Bay in central Delaware in the United States. It is approximately 21.7 miles (34.9 km) long[2] and drains an area of 106 square miles (270 km2) on the Atlantic Coastal Plain.

The Murderkill flows for its entire length in southern Kent County. It rises just west of Felton and flows generally east-northeastwardly, through Killen Pond[4] (site of Killens Pond State Park[5]) and Coursey Pond,[6] under Carpenters Bridge, and past Frederica to Bowers, where it enters Delaware Bay about 0.5 miles (1 km) south of the mouth of the St. Jones River.[7] The Murderkill River is tidally influenced from its mouth upstream to just past Frederica,[3] and is considered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to be navigable for the lower 10 miles (16 km) of its course.[8]

According to 2002 data from the United States Environmental Protection Agency, 55% of the area of the Murderkill River's watershed is occupied by agricultural uses; 17% is forested; 14% is urban; 9% is wetland; and 2% is water.[3]

The river has suffered a persistent pollution from eutrophication and organic waste in agricultural runoff. Its estuary is considered to have abnormally low rates of dissolved oxygen.[citation needed]

Origin of name[edit]

A tradition is preserved about the naming of the Murderkill River:

"...remembering how they had been served at the Whore-Kill, they went some ten or twelve miles higher, where they landed again and traded with the Indians, trusting the Indians to come onto their stores ashore, and likewise aboard their sloop drinking and debauching with the Indians until they were at last barbarously murdered, and so that place was christened with their blood and to this day is called the Murderer-Kill, that is, Murderers Creek".[9]

Variant names[edit]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Murderkill River has also been known historically as:[1]

  • Mordare Kijhlen
  • Mother Creek
  • Mother Kill
  • Motherkill
  • Motherkiln Creek
  • Mothers Creek
  • Murder Kill Creek
  • Murther Creek
  • Murtherkill

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Murderkill River (Feature ID #214364)". Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed April 1, 2011
  3. ^ a b c United States Environmental Protection Agency (2005). "Decision Rationale: Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis for the Murderkill River Watershed". pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  4. ^ Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Killen Pond (Feature ID #217871)". Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  5. ^ "Killens Pond State Park website". Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  6. ^ Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Coursey Pond (Feature ID #213834)". Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  7. ^ DeLorme (2004). Maryland Delaware Atlas & Gazetteer. p.52. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-279-X.
  8. ^ U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Philadelphia District. "Navigable waterways of the Philadelphia District.". Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  9. ^ "Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States" Stewart, George R. 1945 pg 71