Mureș River

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Râul Mureș / Maros
MuresRiver.750pix.jpg
The Mureș river in Arad
Raul Mures.png
Origin Izvorul Mureșului, Carpathian Mountains
Mouth Tisza River
46°15′7″N 20°11′36″E / 46.25194°N 20.19333°E / 46.25194; 20.19333
Basin countries Romania, Hungary
Length 761 km (473 mi)
Source elevation 850 m (2,790 ft) msl
Avg. discharge 184 m3/s (6,500 cu ft/s)[1]
Basin area 28,310 km2 (10,930 sq mi)

The Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ]; Hungarian: Maros, Hungarian pronunciation: [’mɒroʃ]; Latin: Marisus, Serbian: Moriš, Serbian Cyrillic: Мориш, German: Mieresch, Marosch or Muresch) is an approximately 761 km (473 mi) long river in Eastern Europe. It originates in the Hășmașu Mare Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania, rising close to the headwaters of the Olt River, and joins the Tisza River at Szeged in southeastern Hungary.

The Mureș River flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Mureș, Alba, Hunedoara and Arad, and the Hungarian county Csongrád. The largest cities on the Mureș/Maros are Târgu Mureș, Alba Iulia, Deva and Arad in Romania, and Szeged in Hungary.

The Mureș was known as the river Marisus in antiquity. It was also known in German as the Mieresch and Marosch owing to Transylvanian Saxon settlements and one-time Austrian Habsburg rule. Salt used to be traded in medieval times on the river on large rafts.

The Hungarian reaches of the Mureș/Maros are 73 km long (22.3 km as the state border). Some 28.5 km² on the northern side of the river are protected as part of the Körös-Maros National Park. The Maros Floodplain Protected Area consists of gallery forests, floodplain meadows and 0.6 km² of forest reserve near Szeged.

Name[edit]

The river is known to be first mentioned by Herodotus in 484 BCE bearing the name Maris.

It is also mentioned in 948 CE, in a document of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine, under the name Muresis (Mureios)[2]

Towns and villages[edit]

The following towns are situated along the river Mureș, from source to mouth: Toplița, Reghin, Târgu Mureș, Luduș, Ocna Mureș, Aiud, Teiuș, Alba Iulia, Geoagiu, Orăștie, Simeria, Deva, Lipova, Arad, Nădlac (all in Romania), Makó, Szeged (both in Hungary).

The Mureș flows through the following communes (grouped by counties, from source to mouth):

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Mureș: Left:Pietrosu, Cărbunele Negru, Senetea, Coasa, Fierăstrăul, Pârâul lui Mihai, Mure, Şumuleul Mare, Borzontul Mare, Borzontul Mic, Râul Pietros, Bacta Mică, Bacta Mare, Limbuş, Ciorgo, Golomboș, Pârâul Pietrei, Sineu, Martonca, Duda, Câlnaci, Musca, Ţigan, Ursar, Gălăuţaş, Măgheruş, Păpurel, Mărsinetul de Sus, Mărsinetul de Jos, Piatra, Gudea, Jincul, Doamna, Iadul, Sălard, Peșcoasa Mare, Iadul, Borzia, Mergiș, Toaderiș, Sebeş, Indicel, Deleni, Gurghiu, Beica, Habic, Petrilaca, Terebici, Cotuș, Pocloş, Niraj, Cerghid, Sărata, Șeulia, Aţântiş, Fărău, Ciunga, Valea Papii, Şesul Băgăului, Valea la Şipot, Valea Dosului, Hopârta, Săcăduş, Bogdanul, Târnava, Hăpria, Sebeş, Pianu, Cioara, Cugir, Vaidei, Romoş, Orăştie, Turdaş, Strei, Tâmpa, Cerna, Herepeia, Veţel, Vulcez, Leşnic, Săcămaş, Plaiu, Dobra, Abucea, Ohaba, Sălciva, Pojoga, Valea Ghinişului, Peştiş, Căprioara, Somoniţa, Izvor, Corbu, Suliniş, Pârâul Mare, Şiştarovăţ, Sinicuţ, Zădărlac

Right: Mezeș, Otveș, Boteni,
Voşlăbeni, Chindeni, Chirtaegher, Valea Strâmbă, Șaroș, Belcina, Lăzarea, Ditrău, Faier, Mogoș, Jolotca, Filipea, Sărmaş, Ciucic, Doamna, Topliţa, Călimănel, Râul Între Pietre, Duşa, Mermezeu, Zebracu, Tarniţa, Jingu, Neagra, Ilva, Fântânele, Sărăcin, Răstoliţa, Jişa, Gălăoaia, Bistra, Gesele, Valea Sterinoasă, Pietriș, Râpa, Văleni, Săcal, Luţ, Şar, Iceni, Budiu, Cuieşd, Valea Fânaţelor, Şăuşa, Oroiu, Lechinţa, Pârâul de Câmpie, Arieş, Grindu, Unirea, Ciugud, Ormeniş, Mirăslău, Lopadea, Aiud, Herja, Gârbova, Valea Sasului, Geoagiu, Galda, Ampoi, Pârâul cel Mare, Pâclişa, Stăuini, Vinţ, Valea Goblii, Blandiana, Acmariu, Feneş Băcăinţi, Homorod, Geoagiu, Boiu, Bobâlna, Valea lui Sânpătru, Lazu, Vărmaga, Certej, Boholt, Căian, Bejan, Boz, Sârbi, Băcişoara, Gurasada, Zam, Almaş, Corbeasca, Troaş, Vineşti, Stejar, Juliţa, Grosul, Monoroştia, Bârna, Bârzava, Nadăş, Conop, Cornic, Odvoş, Milova, Jecnova, Şoimoş, Radna, Cladova

Images[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Mureș [1]

See also[edit]

Tributaries of Mureș River (Romanian and Hungarian names)