Mureș County

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Mureș County
Județul Mureș
County
Coat of arms of Mureș County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mureș county highlighted
Coordinates: 46°35′N 24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61Coordinates: 46°35′N 24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61
Country Romania
Development region Centru
Historical region Transylvania
Capital Târgu Mureș
Area
 • Total 6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 550,846
 • Rank 12th
 • Density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 265 or (+40) 365[2]
ISO 3166 code RO-MS
Website County Council
Prefecture

Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ], Hungarian: Maros megye) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș.

Name[edit]

In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye ([ˈmɒroʃ ˈmɛɟɛ]), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Austro-Hungarian administration, from 1876 to 1918, there was a county with similar name, Maros-Torda County.

Geography[edit]

The county has a total area of 6,714 km².

The northeastern side of the county consists of the Călimani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.

The main river crossing in the county is the Mureș River. The Târnava Mare River and the Târnava Mică River also cross the county.

Neighbours[edit]

Demographics[edit]

The ethnic map pof Mures county

In 2011, Mureș had a population of 550,846 and the population density was 82/km².[1][3]

Ethnic structure (2002)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
580,851 309,375 228,275 40,425 2,045 731
100% 53.26% 39.30% 6.96% 0.35% 0.12%
Ethnic structure (2011)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
550,846 277,372 200,858 46,947 1,478 792
100% 52.60% 38.09% 8.90% 0.28% 0.13%

In terms of religion:

Tourism[edit]

Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:

Economy[edit]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Wood industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Glass and ceramics industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Musical instruments (Reghin).

Mureș County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.

Politics[edit]

The Mureș County Council has 34 members. After the 2008 local elections, the structure of Mureș County Council by political parties is the following:

Political Party Number of Seats
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (RMDSZ) 13
National Liberal Party (PNL) 8
Liberal Democratic Party (PD-L) 7
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 6

Administrative divisions[edit]

Mureș County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" ("Population by ethnicity")

External links[edit]