Murli Manohar Joshi
|Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi|
|Minister of Human Resource Development|
|Succeeded by||Arjun Singh|
|Minister of Science and Technology|
|Succeeded by||Kapil Sibal|
|Preceded by||Dr. Rajesh Kumar Mishra|
|Preceded by||Narendra Singh Bisht|
|Succeeded by||Harish Rawat|
5 January 1934 |
New Delhi, British India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
Murli Manohar Joshi (born 1934)is an Indian politician and a leading member of the Bharatiya Janata Party of which he became the President (1991–93). Later he became the Union Human Resources Development minister of India in the NDA regime. He is best known for his views on Indian socio-politics and for his affiliation with the RSS.
He was born in Nainital on 5 January 1934, hailing from the Kumaon Hills region of Nainital northern India which today form a part of the state of Uttarakhand. Joshi had his early education in Chandpur, District Bijnore and Almora (currently part of Uttarakhand). He completed his B.Sc. from Meerut College and M.Sc. from Allahabad University. Here one of his teachers was Professor Rajendra Singh, who later became RSS Sarsanghchalaks. He did his doctorate from Allahabad University. The subject of his doctoral thesis was Spectroscopy. He published a research paper in Physics in Hindi, which was a first of its kind.
After completing his PhD, Joshi started teaching Physics at Allahabad University. He came in contact with the RSS in Delhi at a young age and took part in the Cow Protection Movement in 1953–54, in the Kumbh Kisan Andolan of UP in 1955, demanding halving of land revenue assessment. During the Emergency period (1975–1977) in India, Joshi was in jail from 26 June 1975 until the Lok Sabha elections in 1977. He was elected Member of Parliament from Almora. When the Janata Party (which then included his party) came to power forming the first non-Congress government in Indian history, Joshi was elected General Secretary of the Janata Parliamentary Party. After the fall of the government, his party came out of Janata Party in 1980, and formed the Bharatiya Janata Party or the BJP. Joshi first looked after the Central Office as a General Secretary and later became Party Treasurer. As General Secretary of BJP, he was directly in charge of Bihar, Bengal and North-Eastern States. Later, when BJP formed a government in India under Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Joshi served as the Human Resource Development Minister in the cabinet.
Joshi is known to have been influenced by the life and work of Veer Savarkar, Shri Guruji and Deendayal Upadhyaya. Joshi was a three-term M.P. from Allahabad before he was defeated in the Lok Sabha elections of May, 2004. He won election to the 15th Lok Sabha from Varanasi as a BJP candidate. He also served as the home minister for 13 days government in 1996. Dr.Joshi was appointed as Chairman of the Manifesto Preparation Board of the BJP in 2009.
- 1934 Born
- 1944 Member, Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (R.S.S.)
- 1949 Member, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarathi Parishad (A.B.V.P.)
- 1953–56 General Secretary, A.B.V.P., Uttar Pradesh; All India General Secretary, A.B.V.P.
- 1957 Organising Secretary, Bharatiya Jana Sangh (B.J.S.), Allahabad
- 1959–67 Zonal Organising Secretary, B.J.S., Uttar Pradesh
- 1967–75 Secretary, B.J.S., Uttar Pradesh; Treasurer, B.J.S., Uttar Pradesh; Vice-President, B.J.S., Uttar Pradesh (prior to its merger in Janata Party)
- 1977 Elected to 6th Lok Sabha
- 1977–79 General-Secretary, Janata Party in Parliament
- 1980 Founder General Secretary, B.J.P.
- 1981–83 Treasurer, B.J.P.
- 1986–90 General-Secretary, B.J.P.
- 1991–93 President, B.J.P.
- 1992 Member, Rajya Sabha
- 1992–96 Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests; Member, Committee on Public Undertakings; Member, Select Committee on Patent Law; Member, Select Committee on Trade Marks Bill
- 1996 Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
- 16 May – 1 June 1996 Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs
- 1996–97 Chairman, Public Accounts Committee; Member, Committee on Finance; Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Defence; Member, Expert Committee on Low Productivity Areas, Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operation
- 1998 Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
- 1998–99 Union Cabinet Minister, Human Resource Development; and Science and Technology
- 1999 Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (4th term)
- Oct–Nov 1999 Union Cabinet Minister, Human Resource Development and Science & Technology
- 22 Nov 1999 – 2004 Union Cabinet Minister, Human Resource Development; Science & Technology and Department of Ocean Development
- 2009 Elected to 15th Lok Sabha from Varanasi, UP
- February 2009 Member, Council of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
- March 2009 Chairman, Ministry of Finance
- April 2009 Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Defence
- May 2009 Member, Committee on Ethics
- January 2010 Member, General Purpose Committee
- October 2010 Member, Parliamentary Forum on Global Warming and Climate Change
- November 2010 Chairman, Public Accounts Committee
- December 2010 Member, Committee on Budget
- Police arrest right-wing Hindu leaders. TIM MCGIRK, The Independent. 9 December 1992.
- Court clears India's deputy PM. Maseeh Rahman, The Guardian, Saturday 20 September 2003.
- Minister wins Ayodhya reprieve. BBC. 20 September 2003.
- Tearing down the Babri Masjid. Mark Tully, BBC. 5 December 2002.
- Indian dismay over UN ranking. Satish Jacob, BBC. 24 July 2002.
- India targets cow slaughter. Jyotsna Singh, BBC 11 August 2003.
- Sustainable consumption is the need of the hour, says Murli Manohar Joshi. The Hindu. 15 January 2007.
- Sex education runs into trouble. BBC. 27 August 2007.
- Murli Manohar Joshi attacks Congress on N-deal, agrarian policies. Times of India. 6 March 2008
- Yoga institute celebrations. The Hindu. 19 February 2009.
- Joshi gets death threat from Indian Mujahideen. India Express. 12 April 2009.
- I won’t mind being Leader of Opposition: Murli Manohar Joshi. ANI. 17 May 2009.
- BJP probably failed to communicate its message: Joshi. The Hindu. 16 May 2009.
- Advani's decision in BJP's interest: Murli Manohar Joshi. The Economic Times. 17 May 2009