Murphy High School (Mobile, Alabama)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Murphy High School (Alabama))
Jump to: navigation, search
Murphy High School
Murphy High School in 2008
Address
100 South Carlen Street
Mobile, Alabama, 36606
United States
Coordinates 30°40′58″N 88°05′11″W / 30.68277°N 88.08638°W / 30.68277; -88.08638Coordinates: 30°40′58″N 88°05′11″W / 30.68277°N 88.08638°W / 30.68277; -88.08638
Information
Type Public high school
Established April 26, 1926
Principal William Smith
Faculty 130
Enrollment 2300
Education system Mobile County Public School System
Campus Urban
Color(s) Blue and Gold         
Mascot Panther
Newspaper The Murphy Hi Times
Yearbook Mohian
Website
Murphy High School
Area 27.6 acres (11.2 ha)
Built 1926
Architect Perkins, Fellows, and Hamilton;
Rogers, George B.
Architectural style Spanish Colonial Revival
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 82001612[1]
Added to NRHP November 4, 1982

Murphy High School, located in Mobile, Alabama, is a public high school operated by the Mobile County Public School System, that educates grades 912.

History[edit]

In 1922 the Mobile County Public School System (MCPSS) began to plan for the construction of a new high school that would serve the entire county, as the facilities of Barton Academy, in downtown, were becoming overcrowded.[2] In 1923 the Mobile County School Board acquired 38 acres (15.4 ha) from the Carlen family for the site of their proposed high school complex. The cornerstone of the school was laid on 14 December 1925, and on 26 April 1926, Mobile High School opened. Construction costs totaled $850,000 for the first six buildings with an additional $200,000 spent on the gymnasium and the indoor pool installed in 1930.[3] Two years after its opening the school's name was changed to Murphy High School in honor of Samuel Silenus Murphy, MCPSS superintendent from 1900-1926.[2] While still called Mobile High School, the yearbook had been called the "Mobile High Annual".[2] At the change of the name to Murphy High School, the workers did not want to change the name of the yearbook. They agreed to shorten the name to "Mohian", or a shortened version of Mobile High Annual.[2]

The school was desegregated in 1963 when three African American students brought a case against the Mobile County School Board for being denied admission to the then all-white school.[4] The court ordered that the three students be admitted to Murphy for the 1964 school year.[4] By the Fall of 1970, following stringent desegregation efforts within Alabama, 1,500 of the school's 2,140 students were African American. At the same time, the school had 34 African American teachers on its 87-member faculty.[5]

In 1982 Murphy High School was placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of the Interior.[2] In 1987 it was selected as a Presidential Model School by the U.S. Department of Education.[2] Redbook Magazine named Murphy as one of the top high schools in the United States and one of the largest high schools in Alabama in 1994.[2] Murphy students were also featured in the Seventeen magazine issue for November 1996 fashion trends in high school. Several students from the class of 1997 and 1998 were included in the magazine.[citation needed]

On December 25, 2012, Murphy High School was hit directly by a strong EF2 wedge tornado which caused significant damage to the school campus. Students and faculty were relocated and finished the remainder of the 2012 school year at the former Shaw Junior High School in west Mobile while the Murphy campus was rebuilt. On August 19, the renovated storm damaged high school campus reopened.[6]

Academics[edit]

Murphy has 14 courses of Advanced Placement and the International Baccalaureate program. Murphy also offers the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme.

Notable alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Murphy High School". "Public School Review LLC website". Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  3. ^ "School History". "Murphy High School Alumni Association". Retrieved 2008-03-11. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b Thomason, Michael. Mobile : the new history of Alabama's first city,pages 260-261. Tuscaloosa : University of Alabama Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8173-1065-7
  5. ^ United States Department of Health Education and Welfare (DHEW) Office for Civil Rights, Directory of Public Secondary and Elementary Schools in Selected Districts: Fall 1970, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1972, p. 16.
  6. ^ Superintendent: Murphy damaged 'more than meets the eye' | Fox10tv.com
  7. ^ "Philanthropist James Fail endows principal cello chair" (Press release). Mobile Symphony. 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-15. [dead link]

External links[edit]