LL.M., QC, MP
|Murray Rankin speaks at the 2013 NDP convention in Montréal|
|Member of Parliament for Victoria|
November 26, 2012
|Preceded by||Denise Savoie|
|Official Opposition National Revenue Critic|
January 17, 2013
|Preceded by||Hoang Mai|
|Official Opposition Pensions Critic|
August 9, 2013
|Preceded by||Irene Mathyssen|
|Member of the Standing Committee on Finance|
January 28, 2013
January 26, 1950 |
|Political party||New Democratic Party|
|Residence||Victoria, British Columbia|
|Alma mater||Queen's University
Université de Montréal
University of Toronto
|Profession||Lawyer, Law Professor|
Murray Rankin, QC, MP (born January 26, 1950) is a Canadian federal politician, university professor, and an internationally recognized expert in environmental and public law. One of Canada's top lawyers, Rankin is currently the Member of Parliament for the riding of Victoria. He is a member of the New Democratic Party and is the Official Opposition's National Revenue and Pensions Critic, in Canada's 41st parliament.
Rankin was born in Belleville, Ontario, the only male of five children, to Eleanore, a school teacher, and McKinley Rankin, a teacher and insurance agent. He went on to university on scholarships, grants and loans, completing his undergrad at Queen's University and the Université de Montréal and law degrees from the University of Toronto and Harvard University where he graduated summa cum laude with a Masters degree in law.
Rankin is a founding member and former president of the British Columbia Public Interest Advocacy Centre (BCPIAC), an NGO that provides legal services to marginalized groups in British Columbia. He is also former president of West Coast Environmental Law, past chairman of The Land Conservancy of British Columbia where he helped protect the Sooke Potholes, and co-chair of the Environmental Law Centre at the University of Victoria, a student-run legal clinic doing public interest work in environmental law.
Rankin is a vegetarian, lives in Victoria, British Columbia and is married to Linda Hannah, whom he met at a founding board meeting of the Western Canada Wilderness Committee. They have two children, Benjamin and Mark.
Academic and Legal career
Rankin has fought for gay marriage rights in B.C., acted for governments, industry and First Nations on groundbreaking aboriginal land issues, and has taken a lead role on major environmental court cases in areas like sewage treatment, contaminated sites and environmental assessment. Rankin has appeared before all levels of court in British Columbia and in the Supreme Court of Canada. Rankin was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1999. He has been listed in Best Lawyers since 2006  as well as in both Chambers Global 2012, a influential UK-based legal directory, where he is listed as a leading lawyer worldwide in the field of environmental law and in Lexpert where he is named as an expert in aboriginal law.
After finishing graduate school at Harvard Law School, Rankin taught the at the University of Victoria as a Professor of Law until 1990. Rankin returned to the law school in 2004 to teach part-time as an adjunct professor of law, donating his salary to charity.
While at Harvard Law School Rankin did his graduate thesis on freedom of information and national security matters. A variation of his thesis was published by the Canadian Bar Association in its efforts to lobby for federal legislation.
In the 1980s, he worked at the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris in the Directorate of Science Technology and Industry on Transborder Information Flows and subsequently wrote about this in several publications. Rankin was later integrally involved in the consultations leading up to the enactment of the federal Access to Information Act. For his efforts he received the House of Commons Award of Merit for his contributions to the development of freedom of information.
Rankin was later retained as a special advisor to Colin Gabelmann, the former Attorney General of British Columbia and was a key architect of BC’s own Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
In 1990, Rankin joined up with his friends Joseph Arvay to become managing partner for the boutique law firm Arvay Finlay. In 1994, Murray Rankin was appointed by Premier Mike Harcourt as the lead treaty negotiator for the province of British Columbia.
As treaty negotiator for the Province of British Columbia Rankin negotiated the first Agreement in Principle under the auspices of the British Columbia Treaty Commission with the Sechelt Indian Band. He also represented the Blueberry River First Nations in the negotiation of the first Economic Benefits Agreement relating to natural resources revenues in British Columbia. He also advised BC Hydro in the landmark agreement with two tribal councils related to the construction of the Lower Mainland Transmission Project. Rankin also successfully defended B.C. Forest Appeals Commission’s jurisdiction in aboriginal rights case before Supreme Court of Canada (2003).
Rankin joined the national firm of Heenan Blaikie in 2006 as a partner in their Victoria office. He left the law firm in 2011 in order to pursue an independent practice that focused on environmental, aboriginal and public law.
National Security law
Rankin is designated a Special Advocate, appointed by the federal Minister of Justice to protect the interests of persons named in security certificates during hearings from which persons named in these certificates and their own lawyers are excluded due to national security concerns. Rankin, an expert on national security issues, is the only Special Advocate in Canada residing in British Columbia. He has been regional editor of the Canadian Journal of Administrative Law and Practice since its inception.
Rankin's first entry into politics was as a volunteer for Stephen Lewis, the leader of the Ontario NDP. Rankin has since acted as an advisor to successive leaders of the BC NDP. When the BC NDP was in power in the 1990s, he helped shape public policy initiatives on access to information, treaty negotiations, land use, environmental policy, and justice. Rankin also advised BC NDP Opposition Leaders on public policy. Rankin led the NDP legal team to oppose the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines. He argued that British Columbia should withdraw from the federal government’s review process and set up a "made-in-B.C." environmental assessment that ensures BC's economic, social, environmental, and aboriginal interests are fully addressed.
In the early 2000s Rankin was asked to seek the BC NDP leadership. Rankin never entered the race, because of the young age of his two sons, and the contest was eventually won by Carole James. Rankin was also a founding member of Tom Mulcair's British Columbia campaign committee during the 2012 New Democratic Party leadership election.
2012 federal by-election
Other Victoria NDP nomination contestants were Elizabeth Cull, former provincial finance and health minister; former Victoria school board trustee Charley Beresford, and Victoria city councillor Ben Isitt. Rankin's nomination was supported by BC NDP President Moe Sihota, the head of the Victoria labour council, former Haida First Nations Chief Miles Richardson, and local MLAs Rob Fleming, Lana Popham, and Maurine Karagianis. The Victoria NDP nomination was held on October 14, 2012 with record crowds in attendance. Rankin won the nomination on the first ballot.
The Victoria by-election was held on November 26, 2012. It was contested by Green Party's Donald Galloway, the Conservative Dale Gann, and Liberal Paul Summerville. The Libertarian and Christian Heritage parties also ran candidates. Rankin won the election with 37.2% of the vote. In his victory speech, Rankin told the crowd he would continue to work to stop the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, stating that, "we will not let this country become the energy Wal-Mart of the World."
Rankin was officially sworn into office on December 11, 2012. Tom Mulcair immediately named Rankin to a senior role in his shadow cabinet, putting him in charge of criticizing the government over offshore tax evasion as National Revenue Critic. On January 28, 2013 Rankin was appointed to the Standing Committee on Finance, which reviews fiscal and monetary policy. Mulcair has pointed to Rankin as one of his rising stars and top recruits.
In his role as National Revenue Critic, Rankin has been outspoken on the Conservative government's failure to tackle the issue of tax havens and tax evasion, which he argues puts an unfair burden on honest Canadians. He criticized layoffs at the Canada Revenue Agency which investigates tax fraud and supported the efforts of Parliamentary Budget Officer Kevin Page to measure the tax gap that were ultimately blocked by the Conservative Party. A CBC and ICIJ investigation later revealed a massive data leak which proved that hundreds of Canadians were exploiting tax havens, including Liberal Senator Pana Merchant. On August 8th, 2013 Tom Mulcair added responsibility for Pensions to Rankin's critic portfolio.
Throughout his first term, Rankin has become one of the NDP’s go-to critics, drawing on decades of legal expertise in areas ranging from aboriginal treaty negotiations and environment protection to national security. Weeks after being sworn in as Member of Parliament, Rankin was barred from entering the Federal government's "public hearing" on the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines in his Victoria constituency. Speaking to press outside the hearing Rankin said, "I wanted to observe on behalf of my constituents… I’ve never heard of a public hearing that was not open to the public … It’s Kafkaesque.” Adding, "I’m opposed to the pipeline and I don’t mind admitting it.” Rankin was selected to address the 2013 NDP Convention where he told delegates that "the NDP's leadership on the environment has always been a beacon to those of us who have fought to protect our environment and tackle the climate crisis head on."
|VictoriaCanadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012:|
|New Democratic||Murray Rankin||14,507||37.17||-13.61||$95,540|
|Christian Heritage||Philip Ney||192||0.49||–||$3,499|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||39,032||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||98|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||-24.28|
|By-election called due to the resignation of Denise Savoie.|
|Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012.|
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- Fowlie, Jonathan (2013-07-02). "Terror Plot". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Murray Rankin (August 31, 2012). "B.C. pipeline review needed to restore legal powers". Times Colonist.
- Vaughn Palmer (October 16, 2012). "Lawyer Murray Rankin easily wins federal NDP nomination for Victoria". Vancouver Sun.
- Sunny Dhillon (August 22, 2012). "B.C. NDP Leader vows to back out of Ottawa’s Enbridge review". The Globe and Mail.
- Louise Dickson (August 22, 2012). "NDP would set up B.C.'s own pipeline review, Adrian Dix announces". Times Colonist.
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- Posted: Nov 27, 2012 10:03 AM PT (2012-11-27). "CBC: NDP credits pipeline opposition for Victoria byelection win". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
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- "Murray Rankin named Official Opposition Critic for National Revenue". Ndp.ca. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- "Standing Committee on Finance (FINA) Membership". Parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- "National Post: "Murray Rankin: Getting a handle on Canada’s ‘tax gap’"". Fullcomment.nationalpost.com. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Posted: Apr 9, 2013 10:51 AM ET (2013-04-09). "CBC: Revenue Canada cuts undermine tax haven crackdown, NDP says". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- "Canadians For Tax Fairness: Tax Havens: Put Politics Aside". Taxfairness.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- CBC: Massive data leak exposes offshore financial secrets.
- Posted: Apr 3, 2013 6:03 PM ET (2013-04-04). "CBC: Senator's husband put $1.7M in offshore tax havens". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- NDP make changes to Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet
- Daniel Palmer (2013-07-02). "The Rankin File: six months into the job for Victoria's MP". Vicnews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Les Leyne. "Les Leyne: Public hearing security a bit overdone". Timescolonist.com. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Simcoe, Luke (2013-01-08). "Metro News: Victoria MP fuming over Enbridge pipeline hearings in Victoria". Metronews.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- "NDP Convention 2013". Montreal2013.ndp.ca. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Murray Rankin MP Page
- Parliament of Canada MP Page
- Murray Rankin – Parliament of Canada biography
- Murray Rankin on Twitter