|• Nazim (Mayor)||Sardar Salim|
|Elevation||2,291.2 m (7,517.1 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Union councils||1|
Murree was the summer capital of the British Raj in the Punjab Province (British India), until 1864. A popular tourist destination located in the north-west Himalayas at an average altitude of 2,291 metres (7,516 ft), the city of Murree, draped in forests of pine, and oak, experiences pleasant summers and cold, snowy winters. The city is famous for its buildings styled in tudorbethan and neo-gothic architecture dating from the colonial era.
Murree is located along the Islamabad-Murree Highway, some 58.3 km (36.2 mi) northeast of Islamabad.
The name Murree is derived from 'marhi', "high place",
Murree was developed in 1851 by the (then) President of the Punjab Administrative Board, Sir Henry Lawrence, and was originally established for the British troops garrisoned on the Afghan frontier as a sanatorium. Officially, the municipality was created in 1850.
The permanent town of Murree was constructed at Sunnybank in 1853. The church was sanctified in May 1857, and the main road, Jinnah Road, originally known as Mall Road(and still commonly referred to as The Mall), was built. The most significant commercial establishments, the Post Office, general merchants with European goods, tailors and a millinery, were established opposite the church. Until 1947, access to Mall Road was restricted for "natives" (non-Europeans).
The railway connection with Lahore, the capital of the Punjab Province, via Rawalpindi, made Murree a popular resort for Punjab officials, and the villas and other houses erected for the accommodation of English families gave it a European aspect. The houses crowned the summit and sides of an irregular ridge, the neighbouring hills were covered during the summer with encampments of British troops, while the station itself was filled with European visitors from the plains and travellers to Kashmir.
In the hot season it was the headquarters of the Lieutenant General of the Northern Command. The Commissioner of the Rawalpindi Division and the Deputy-Commissioner of Rawalpindi also resided here during part of the hot season, for which period an Assistant Commissioner was placed in charge of the subdivision consisting of Murree Tehsil. The site was selected in 1850 almost immediately after the annexation of the Province, and building operations commenced at once. In 1851 temporary accommodation was provided for a detachment of troops; and in 1853 permanent barracks were erected. The regular garrison generally consisted of two mountain batteries and one battalion of infantry. In 1873, 1874, and 1875 Murree was the summer headquarters of the Punjab Government. It was connected with Rawalpindi town by a service of tongas.
The income during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 49,500, and the expenditure Rs. 48,200. In 1903–4 the income and expenditure were Rs. 5r,400, chiefly from octroi, and Rs. 54,400 respectively. The income and expenditure of cantonment funds averaged Rs. 10,000 between 1893 and 1903. The chief educational institutions at that time were the Lawrence Military Asylum for soldiers' children (now the Lawrence College Ghora Gali), and the St. Denys' and Convent English schools for girls. The station also contained the Lady Roberts Home for invalid officers and a branch of the Alliance Bank of Simla. The Murree Brewery was the only industrial concern of any importance.
In the summer of 1857, the local tribes of Murree and Hazara, including the Dhond Abbasi and others,attacked the depleted British Army garrison there, and gave them some difficulties, which were ultimately overcome and the local tribes then capitulated and made terms.
1895 Rawalpindi Gazetteer 
It was described in the Gazetteer of Rawalpindi District, 1893–94 as follows:
The sanatorium of Murree lied in north latitude 33° 54′ 30″ and east longitude 73° 26′ 30″, at an elevation of 7,517 feet (2,291 m) above sea level, and contained a standing population of 1,768 inhabitants, which was, however, enormously increased during the [May–November] season by the influx of visitors and their attendant servants and shopkeepers. It is the most accessible hill station in the Punjab, being distant from Rawalpindi only a five hours' journey by tonga dak. Magnificent views are to be obtained in the spring and autumn of the snow crowned mountains of Kashmir; and gorgeous sunset and cloud effects seen daily during the rains [July–August]. Part of the station, especially the Kashmir end, are also well wooded and pretty.
1901 population 
In 1901 the population of the town was officially 1844, although if summer visitors had been included this could have been as high as 10,000. it is pagal city
British presence 
After the British forces' establishment of Murree as a hill station/resort, many British soldiers and administrators opted to spend the summers there because of the cooler climate. The British settled in and raised families. Some prominent people who were born here include:
- Bruce Bairnsfather - a famous cartoonist during World War I
- Col. Sir Francis Younghusband - an army officer and explorer. He established the Bible Society in the Christian High School in Geryal Murree. The society did in depth research into the local languages. This society translated a part of the New Testament in Dhondi, which was noted by the compilers of the "Linguistic Survey Of India".
- General Sir Reginald Dyer - officer responsible for the Amritsar Massacre at Jallianwala bagh.
- Berta Ruck - was a romantic novelist, writing almost eighty novels over the course of her writing career.
Since independence of Pakistan 
Murree has expanded since 1947 at a rate much greater than that which its infrastructure can sustain, as has most of Pakistan due to its elite enjoying time off and accruing wealth in places like Muree. Securing water and electricity has been a constant challenge for anyone without significant wealth or influence. The jam-packed bazaar has caught fire a number of times, and the growth of tourism and a construction boom have had an adverse effect on the local natural environment.
Murree is one of the largest resort towns in the Galyat area of Pakistan, and is the municipal or regional capital of Murree Tehsil* (*general administrative subdivision), it is an administrative division of the Rawalpindi District. The town of Muree is situated on the southern slopes of the Western Himalayan foothills as they ascend northeastward, towards the bifurcated states of Kashmir. During British colonial rule in the nineteenth century, its altitude was established at 7,500 feet (2,300 m).
Murree is accessible by road from the centre of the Islamabad and Rawalpindi areas. It is still associated with Britain; many British fruits (including cherries, raspberries and strawberries) thrive locally. There is an Anglican church, built in 1857, located at the centre of the town, which is still used as a place of worship. Many houses around the church are still standing, functioning mostly as hotels. Old traditional restaurants have been replaced by fast-food shops and newer restaurants. Some famous old places of accommodation, such as the Rich Villa Inn and Gulberg Hotel, have completely disappeared. A typical hotel provides a motel-type accommodation with breakfast and communication access. Newly built hotels are also accessible.
Buildings and tourist attractions 
Murree houses headquarters of 12th infantry division of Pakistan Army and large number of educational and training institutions. Combined Military Hospital established to cater the needs of civilian population of Murree and adjoining areas. Pakistan Air Force also maintains base at Lower Topa. For administrative purposes the military areas of Murree are divided in two separate cantonments, Murree Cantonment and Murree Hills Cantonment.
Murree Houses residence for Punjab Governor at the Kashmir point. The imposing building was built in nineteenth century by the British. There are Punjab and Sindh Houses to cater needs of the provincial government. Similarly, there are Rest Houses for the Judges of Supreme Court and Lahore High Court. A large number of government, semi government and private departments and institutions maintain guest houses in Murree. A number of diplomatic missions based in Islamabad established their camp offices in Murree in the 1960s. These are seldom used now. Adjacent to Murree is the Galliat region of North West Frontier Province which includes Nathiagalli, Ayubia, Khanspur, Dunga Galli, Khairagalli and Changla Galli. Before the British rule whether part of Rawalpindi District of Muzaffarabad, Murree and Galiat have been part of same administrative unit, however in 1850 the British decided to divide them between Rawalpindi and Hazara. Despite divided by provincial boundaries, Murree and Galliat are inseparable both geographically, culturally, linguistically as well as from the point of view of the tourists. Murree serves as a gateway to Galliat.
Bhurban and New Murree (Patriata) have also developed as tourist centres. The whole Murree Galliat region is known for its scenic beauty. Mountains overhung with pines and oaks, bubbling with gurgling springs, crisscrossed by rivulets, dotted with sprawling lawns and orchards overloaded with fruits present a nice spectacle. A fine view of the snowy peaks of Kashmir is to be had on a clear day, and the crest of Nanga Parbat can sometimes be seen.
Bhurban, boosting with a five star Pearl Continental Hotel and a nine hole Golf course has cropped recently as another tourist attraction in the area. Lying at an altitude of 6000 ft, Bhurban is situated at a distance of 13 kilometres from Murree on one of main roads leading to Azad Kashmir. On the main Kashmir Road, only 2 miles away from PC Bhurban, Bhurban Hill Apartments are situated which are luxury holiday apartments in the area. The Punjab government is said to have plans to develop New Murree city at Patriata fifteen kilometres southeast of Murree. The Punjab Tourism department constructed resorts amidst the forests on the Patriata ridge in 1987 as well as a 3-kilometre sky slope from the top of Patriata ridge to Gulara Gali (not functioning currently). Patriata is connected with Islamabad and Murree through a number of all weather roads.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Murree features a subtropical highland climate (Cwb) under the Köppen climate classification. It is situated in the outer Himalayas, retaining high altitude. This type of area has cold, snowy winters, relatively cool summer with drastically escalated rain, in relation with lower altitudes, and frequent fog. Precipitation is received year round, with two maxima, first one during winter and second one at summer, July–August. Total mean precipitation annually is 1,789 mm (70.4 in).
|Climate data for Zahedan|
|Record high °C (°F)||17.2
|Average high °C (°F)||7.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.7
|Average low °C (°F)||0.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−8.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||126.5
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990) |
Many rare animals can be found in Murree. One example is the leopard, which inhabits the neighboring Galiyat region. More common animals include the Rhesus Monkey,wild boar, foxes and various species of birds. Pheasants, including the rare cheer and kalij, have occasionally been sighted.
The main tribe of Murree are the Dhund Abbasi, Abbasi. Other tribes are the Karlal, Syeds, Sheikhs, Khawajas, Kethwal Rajputs, the Dhanyals, Awans, Jasgam, Satti, Baig, Quraysh (tribe), Mirza, Mengiral Rajput Jats, Kashmiri, Balti, and Barlas.
As well as being tehsil headquarters, Murree is also a Union council, it is bounded to the north by Darya Gali and Rawat[disambiguation needed], to the west by Ghora Gali and Tret Syedan, to the south by Numbal and Mussiari, and to the east by Ghel and Angoori.
Murree Police is headed by a Police Officer of the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police. It consists of one Police station and eight police posts.
Murree has been known for its elitist educational institutions which have been attracting students from across the country since independence. Lawrence College Gora Gali, established as Lawrence Memorial Asylum in 1860 for children of serving or retired British soldiers away from tropical climate of sub-continent. It was part of chain of four such schools established across British India. Spread over an area of more than 150 acres at an altitude of 6397 feet (1950 meters) Lawrence College provides education from class one to twelve including A level and O level and is popular among Pakistani upper classes. Other colleges established during the British period for the children of British colonialist but now serving the Pakistani gentry include Saint Dynes and Convent of Jesus and Mary. Other schools established after independence include Cadet College Lower Topa, Cadet College Murree Pindi Point, Chinar Army Public School & college.
The earliest records of newspapers being sold in the Murree Hills are from 1936 during British rule.
New Murree Project 
The government of Punjab is at the brim of initiating the "New Murree Project" to promote tourism. The location selected for this project is Patriata after considering the other three, Ban, Barian and Charihan. This project will cover 4,111 acres (16.64 km2) of land, including 3,849 acres (15.58 km2) of the Murree Forest Division and 262 acres (1.06 km2) of the Rawalpindi North Forest Division. The water for Murree City will be supplied from River Jhelum.
Picture gallery 
Localities and Union Councils 
- Rawalpindi District
- Circle Bakote
- Darya Gali
- Changla Gali
- Dunga Gali
- Gulehra Gali
- Ghora Gali
- Bansra Gali
- Jhika Gali
- Khaira Gali
- Mohra Sharif
- Nathia Gali
- Sehr Bagla
- Las Kothar
- "Murree" Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names. John Everett-Heath. Oxford University Press 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed 14 June 2008 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t209.e5014>
- In fact, the earliset British discovery of 'Marhi' (Eng. Murree) in the hills, like many of the adjacent hil resorts in the Galyat range of the Hazara region, North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, was first made by Maj. James Abbott in 1847 and site later developed by Henry Lawrence.Please see Charles Allen Soldier Sahibs: The Men who made the North West Frontier London: Abacus Books, 2001 p. 141, ISBN 0-349-11456-0; For further mention, please see the Journals of Honoria Lawrence eds. J.Lawrence and A. Widdiwis, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1980 edition. For a very good and account of Abbott's early time in Hazara and founding of Abbottabad see Omer Tarin and SD Najumddin, "Five Early Military Graves in the Old Christian Cemetery, Abbottabad, Pakistan, 1853-1888", in The Kipling Journal (ISSN 0023-1738) Vol 84, No 339,p.35-52
- Murree, in the Punjaub, 1863
- Murree - Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
- Murree Town - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 18, p. 43
- Established in memory of Sir Henry Lawrence in 1861
- Or rebellion/Mutiny, depending on your point of view
- See Harold Lee, Brothers in the Raj: The Lives of John and Henry Lawrence Karachi: Oxford UP, 2001, ISBN 0-19-579415-X. A fine and neutral account by an American scholar of considerable repute of the real and factual course of events, shorn of both British colonial perspectives and inflated, 'patriotic' and biased post-colonial accounts current in Pakistan
- This has now been republished as the "Linguistic survey of Pakistan, vol V" by sang-e-Mil publishers Lahore
- http://www.worldbank.org.pk/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/PAKISTANEXTN/0,,contentMDK:20152499~pagePK:1497618~piPK:217854~theSitePK:293052,00.html See point 6 for World Bank description of TMAs as a Anglicised unit for dividing Pakistani administrative blocs (bloc as in coalition of peoples or political charitable or other civilian organisations for operating in a safe inclusive democracy)
- Nazaria-i-Pakistan Trust. "Pakistan Essentials - Climate and Weather". Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- World Weather Information Service - Murree
- "Murree Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- New Murree project in harmony with environment - Daily Times Pakistan
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Murree|
- Murree travel guide from Wikivoyage