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A Traditional Tamil Snack Murukku.jpg
Place of origin Tamil Nadu
Main ingredients Rice flour, Urad dal flour (Black gram), Salt, Oil
Cookbook:Murukku  Murukku

Murukku (Tamil: முறுக்கு) is a traditional snack of Tamil nadu,[1][2][3] savory crunchy twists made from rice and urad dal flour.[4] Murukku is a verb in Tamil language means twisted.[5]Manaparai Murukku - The town Manapparai in Tamil Nadu is particularly known for its tastier murukkus.[6][7][8] Murukku is made in many varieties as a traditional treat for festivals such as Diwali and Krishna Janmashtami.[9] Tamil nadu government applied for geographical indication tag for Manapparai Murukku along with Thanjavur veena and Madurai malli (jasmine).[1][10] Kai Murukku are often served on special occasions within Iyer (Tamil Brahmin) families.[11] Murukku is famous not only in Tamil nadu and Indian subcontinent but also in other Tamil diaspora like Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia.[12][13] Its Malay name is rotan gulung goreng, although even in that language it is far better known as murukku.[14]

Murukku is also known as chakali; Kannada: ಚಕ್ಲಿ chakli; Gujarati: ચકરી chakri; Marathi: चकली ; Telugu: మురుకులు murukulu, చక్రాలు chakralu, or జంతికలు jantikalu,Konkani: Chakri or Chakkuli.

Ingredients & Preparation[edit]

Murukku is most commonly made of mixed rice flour, urad dal flour and water, seasoned with salt, asafoetida and either sesame seeds or cumin seeds. The ingredients are mixed together into a dough that is then shaped into spiral or coil shapes either by hand or using a mould. The spirals are then deep fried in vegetable oil.


Video of making murukku

Varieties of marukku include

  • Rice and lentil murukku (Mullu murukku)[15][16]
  • Light crispy murukku (Thenkuzhal murukku)[17]
  • Coconut milk murukku (Thengai paal murukku)
  • Wheat flour murukku (Godhumai murukku)
  • Spicy murukku (Kaara murukku)
  • Garlic murukku (Poondu murukku)
  • Ring muruku
  • Butter murukku (Vennai murukku)
  • Besan Murukku
  • Hand spun murukku (Kai murukku or Suthu murukku)
  • Rice murukku (Arisi murukku)
  • Sweet murukku (Achu murukku or Achappam)[18]
Kai Murukku 1
Kai Murukku (Big Hand spun murukku)
Cookbook:Kai Murukku 1  Kai Murukku 1
Kai Murukku 2
Kai Murukku (Small Hand spun murukku)
Cookbook:Kai Murukku 2  Kai Murukku 2


  1. ^ a b "Heavy demand for crispy treat". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 30 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Murukku (Muruku/Chakli) Recipe | Tamil Nadu Recipes
  3. ^ Design Resource - Kitchen Products - Kitchen Helpers - Chakli Press or Murukku
  4. ^ "Murukku history". Munchy Murukkus. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Murukku". Culinary Encyclopedia by FutureToday Inc. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Annamalai, S. (4 November 2013). "Business dynamics, supply issues have hardened the ‘Manapparai murukku'". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  7. ^ Gerald, Olympia Shilpa (18 August 2012). "In search of Manapparai Murukku". The Hindu (Chennai, India: The Hindu). Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  8. ^ S. Annamalai (4 November 2013). "Business dynamics, supply issues have hardened the ‘Manapparai murukku’". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Diwali Savory Recipes: Marukku". Edible Garden. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  10. ^ "Geographical indication tag for ‘Mannapparai Murukku' sought". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 25 October 2010. 
  11. ^ kai murukku
  12. ^ murukku suppliers,exporters on
  13. ^ Home Made Murukku Products
  14. ^ Devasahayam, Theresa. "When We Eat What We Eat: Classifying Crispy Foods in Malaysian Tamil Cuisine". Anthropology of food. OpenEdition. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  15. ^ K, D. "Mullu Murukku". Chef In You. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  16. ^ Jayaprakash, Sharmilee. "Mullu Murukku (Maida Mullu Murukku)". Sharmi's Passions. SharmisPassions. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Rajeswari, Vijayanand. "Thenkuhzal murukku - Diwali Snack recipes". Rak's Kitchen. Rak's Kitchen. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  18. ^ Achappam or Achu Murukku


  • [1], Preparation of Kai murukku (Hand spun murukku)
  • [2], Preparation of Rice murukku