Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme
The Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme (French; "Museum of Art and of Jewish History") is a French museum of Jewish art and history located in the Hôtel de Saint-Aignan at 71 rue du Temple in the Marais district in Paris. The museum is open daily except Saturday (Shabbat). An admission fee is charged. The nearest métro station is Rambuteau.
History and collection
The museum dates from 1986 when the then-Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac, made the Hôtel de Saint-Aignan available for a museum of Jewish civilization. The building was originally constructed as a hôtel particulier for Claude de Mesmes, Comte d'Avaux in 1644–1650 to the designs of the French architect Pierre Le Muet, and was known as the Hôtel d'Avaux. It became known by its present name after it was acquired by Paul de Beauvilliers, Duc de Saint-Aignan, in 1688. Acquired by the City of Paris council in the 1960s, the exterior was slowly restored nearer to its original design, most significantly by the removal of additional storeys that had been added in the 19th century. A second restoration was carried out after 1986 by Bernard Fonquernie, Architecte en Chef des Monuments Historiques. The museum's mise-en-scène was designed by Catherine Bizouard and François Pin.
The museum opened in 1998, and the initial collection was formed by combining the Strauss-Rothschild gift built up by Isaac Strauss and given by Baroness Nathaniel de Rothschild in 1890 to the Musée de Cluny, with the holdings assembled since 1948 by the Musée d'Art Juif. This collection has been enhanced by acquisitions and donations of art, and historical and ethnological objects.
The museum reflects the history of Jewish communities in France, Europe, and North Africa, from the Middle Ages to the present. It contains archives of the Dreyfus affair, 20th-century art (Chagall, Modigliani, Soutine, Michel Kikoine), as well as objets d'art, textiles and manuscripts, and a 182-seat auditorium. The Carnavalet Museum has added to its collection of medieval tombstones.
- Ayers 2006, pp. 71–72.
- Ayers, Andrew (2004). The Architecture of Paris. Stuttgart; London: Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 978-3-930698-96-7.
- Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme
- Ivy Paris description
- Stephen Fallon, Paris, Lonely Planet, 2004, page 89. ISBN 1-74059-760-5.
- Address by President of Republic Mr. Jacques Chirac on the Occasion of the Inauguration of the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme, Paris, November 30, 1998