Musée de l'Homme

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Musée de l'Homme
Musée de l'Homme
Musée de l'homme.jpg
Inscription above the museum
Musée de l'Homme is located in Paris
Musée de l'Homme
Location within Paris
Established 1937 (1937)
Location 17 place Trocadéro, Paris, France
Coordinates 48°51′46″N 2°17′19″E / 48.8627°N 2.2886°E / 48.8627; 2.2886Coordinates: 48°51′46″N 2°17′19″E / 48.8627°N 2.2886°E / 48.8627; 2.2886
Type Anthropology museum
Public transit access Trocadéro Metro-M.svgParis m 6 jms.svgParis m 9 jms.svg
Website http://www.museedelhomme.fr/
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle network

The Musée de l'Homme (French, "Museum of Man"), is an anthropology museum in Paris, France. It was established in 1937 by Paul Rivet for the 1937 Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne. It is the descendant of the Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro, founded in 1878. The Musée de l'Homme is a research center under the authority of various ministries, and it groups several entities from the CNRS. The Musée de l'Homme is one of the seven departments of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. The Musée de l'Homme occupies most of the Passy wing of the Palais de Chaillot in the 16th arrondissement. The vast majority of its collection was transferred to the Quai Branly museum.[1]

History[edit]

The Musée de l'Homme has inherited items from historical collections created as early as the 16th century, from cabinets of curiosities, and the Royal Cabinet. These collections were enriched during the 19th century, and they still are today. The aim is to gather in one site everything which defines the human being: man in his evolution (prehistory), man in his unity and diversity (anthropology), man in his cultural and social expression (ethnology).

The majority of the "ethnographic exhibition" from the Musée de l'Armée of the Invalides, as it was then called, is composed of dummies representing people from the colonies, along with weapons and equipment. This material was transferred to the museum in 1910 and 1917.[2] Photos of the Moroccan population, taken by Clérambault, were also displayed there.

Several members of the Musée de l'Homme, such as Paul Rivet, during Vichy France, formed a Resistant group.

Mission[edit]

Venus of Lespugue (replica), from the Musée de l'Homme

The museum is part of the Musée national d'histoire naturelle. Its original purpose was to gather in a one place all that can define humanity: its evolution, its unity and its variety, and its cultural and social expression.

The creation of the new Musée du quai Branly and MUCEM will be taking the Musée de l'homme's ethnographical collections, breaking with its original mission. This change has aroused many debates because the curatorial choices of the new structure will be dictated more by aesthetic criteria than scientific. The permanent exhibition of the Museum of the Man counted more than 15,000 artifacts, reflecting the artistic but also technical and cultural treasures from five continents. Quai Branly, however, holds only 3500 artifacts, presented without cultural contextualization, chosen for their aesthetic qualities and their "exotic" origins (Africa, Oceania, Americas) and not on educational value. European ethnographical collections are going to be exhibited at MUCEM, and critics believe it is creating an unjustified discontinuity between human cultures.

This situation led the Musée de l'Homme to a redefinition of its mission. Jean-Pierre Mohen and his team tried to arrange the mission of the Museum, without really succeeding in giving it a strong enough muséological program. We shall find in the future Museum, the Human defined through his biological evolution, through its adaptation to its environnement, through the elaboration of a culture (by the vector of the communication among others) which defines the highlights of humanity. Finally, it will be question of a conscience of human pressure on its environment as to face the consequences of the evolutions, in the present, for the future. According to this writer pre-historic people just flew over the Eberian peninsula and appeared all over Europe.

Renovation[edit]

Due to renovation, the museum will be closed from the end of March 2009 until 2014. The total amount of money appropriated for the renovation process is 52 million Euros.[3]

Notable directors and staff scientists[edit]

Notable holdings[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Quai Branly
  2. ^ Gilles Aubagnac, "En 1878, les "sauvages" entrent au musée de l'Armée" in Zoos humains. De la Vénus hottentote aux reality shows, Nicolas Bancel, Pascal Blanchard, Gilles Boëtsch, Eric Deroo, Sandrine Lemaire, edition La Découverte (2002), p.349-354 (French)
  3. ^ Le musée de l'Homme fait sa mue

External links[edit]