Musée National d'Art Moderne
|Musée National d'Art Moderne|
Centre Georges-Pompidou from Notre-Dame de Paris, 2011
|Established||June 9, 1947|
|Location||Centre Pompidou, place Georges Pompidou, 75004 Paris and Centre Pompidou-Metz, Human Rights square, 57000 Metz.|
|Visitors||2 748 884 visitors (2008)|
|Public transit access||Rambuteau, Hôtel de Ville|
The Musée National d'Art Moderne (French pronunciation: [myze nasjɔnal daʁ mɔdɛʁn], National Museum of Modern Art) is the national museum for modern art of France. It is located in Paris and is housed in the Centre Pompidou in the 4th arrondissement of the city.
Created in 1947, it was then housed in the Palais de Tokyo and moved to its current location in 1977. The museum has the second largest collection of modern and contemporary art in the world, after the MOMA in New York, with more than 99,000 works of art by 6,300 artists. These works include painting, architecture, photography, cinema, new media, sculpture and design. A part of collection is on exhibit in a 14,000 square meters space divided between two floors (4 and 5) of the Centre Pompidou, one for modern art (from 1905 to 1960, on the 5th floor) and the other for contemporary art (from 1960, on the 4th floor).
The works displayed often change in order to show to the public the variety and depth of the collection. Many major temporary exhibitions of modern and contemporary art have taken place in a separate floor (the 6th) over the years, among them many one-person exhibitions. Since 2010, the museum displays also unique, temporary exhibitions in its provincial branch, the Centre Pompidou-Metz, in a 10,000 square meters space divided between 3 galleries.
Modern Art (1905-1960)
Many styles of modern art, including Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Dada, Abstract art, Surrealism are represented with works by Matisse, André Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck, Raoul Dufy, Albert Marquet, Le Douanier Rousseau, Paul Signac, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Fernand Léger, Juan Gris, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, August Macke, Alexej von Jawlensky, Emil Nolde, Oskar Kokoschka, Otto Dix, George Grosz, Kurt Schwitters, Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Carlo Carrà, Umberto Boccioni, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, Marc Chagall, Natalia Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov, Alexander Rodchenko, František Kupka, Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Kasimir Malevich, Jacques Villon, Robert Delaunay, Sonia Delaunay, Georges Rouault, Balthus, Max Beckmann, Constantin Brâncuși, Alexander Calder, Chaïm Soutine, Marc Chagall, Amedeo Modigliani, Kees van Dongen, Jean Arp, Giorgio de Chirico, André Breton, Magritte, Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Man Ray, Alberto Giacometti, René Iché, Nicolas de Staël, André Masson, Yves Tanguy, Jean Tinguely, Simon Hantaï, Yves Klein, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Willem de Kooning, and Francis Bacon.
Contemporary art (from 1960)
Pop Art, Nouveau Réalisme, Conceptual art and other tendencies or groups are represented with works by Andy Warhol, Rauschenberg, Arman, César, Niki de Saint-Phalle, Yaacov Agam, Vasarely, Beuys, Dubuffet, Nam June Paik, Wolf Vostell and Louise Bourgeois.
Henri Matisse, Woman Reading, 1894
Francis Picabia, Horses, 1911.
Francis Picabia, Udnie (Young American Girl, The Dance), 1913
Robert Delaunay, Paysage au disque, 1906
Robert Delaunay, La ville no. 2, 1910–11
Georges Braque, Nature morte (Fruit Dish, Ace of Clubs), 1913
Georges Braque, Man With a Guitar, 1914
Wassily Kandinsky, To the Unknown Voice, 1916
The Painter and His Model (Le Peintre dans son atelier), 1916-17
Theo van Doesburg, Pure Painting, 1920