|Musa Khiramanovich Manarov|
March 22, 1951 |
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
|Other occupation||Flight engineer|
|Rank||Colonel, Soviet Air Force|
|Time in space||541d 00h 28m|
|Selection||1978 Cosmonaut Group|
|Missions||Mir EO-3 (Soyuz TM-4 / Soyuz TM-6), Mir EO-8 (Soyuz TM-11)|
From December 21, 1987 to December 21, 1988 he flew as flight engineer on Soyuz TM-4. The duration was 365 days 22 hours 38 minutes. From December 2, 1990 to May 26, 1991 he flew again as a flight engineer on Soyuz TM-11. The duration was 175 days 1 hour 50 minutes, the longest continuous time spent in space by anyone at that time. During his 176-day stay, Manarov observed the Earth and worked in space manufacturing. He also performed 20 hours of spacewalks. Manarov currently lives in Russia.
Awards and honors
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
- Order of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration"
- Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
- Order of Stara Planina (Republic of Bulgaria)
- Order of Georgi Dimitrov (Republic of Bulgaria)
- Order "The Sun of Freedom" (Afghanistan)
Manarov is married with two children.
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