|• McCune-Reischauer||Musan kun|
|• Revised Romanization||Musan-gun|
|Province||North Hamgyong Province|
Musan County is a county in central North Hamgyong province, North Korea. It borders the People's Republic of China to the north, across the Tumen River. It is divided into one ŭp, six labor districts, and fifteen ri. The county seat is the town of Musan, Musan ŭp. Luguo and Dehua are the closest Chinese city across the river.
The land of Musan is high and more than 90% is mountainous and uninhabited; much of it lies on the Paekmu Plateau, while the northwest makes up part of the Musan Plateau. The Hamgyong Mountains pass along the county's northwest flank. Musan is the coldest region in North Hamgyong.
The Musan area has long been known for iron ore mines, lumber, and potatoes. The Musan Mine, a major excavator of iron ore, is located here.
It's said that the city of Musan has an estimated population of about 200,000, but according to the documentary "Children of the Secret State," Joe Layburn stated that "It looks like a ghost town." He also stated that the mine has been abandoned, the factories have shut down, and the only people inhabiting the area is the army.
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