Muscari armeniacum

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Muscari armeniacum
Muscari armeniacum 4.jpg
Flowering plants
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Muscari
Species: M. armeniacum
Binomial name
Muscari armeniacum

Muscari armeniacum is a bulbous plant of the genus Muscari with basal, simple leaves and short, flowering stems. It is one of a number of species and genera known as Grape Hyacinth, in this case Armenian Grape Hyacinth.[1] The flowers are purple, blue (with a white fringe), or white and the plants are usually 15 centimetres (6 in) tall. M. armeniacum blooms in mid-Spring (April or May in the Northern Hemisphere) for 3-4 weeks. Some selections are fragrant. Established bulbs leaf in the autumn. M. armeniacum is widespread in the woods and meadows of the Eastern Mediterranean, from Greece and Turkey to the Caucasus.[2]

Flower details


M. armeniacum is one of the most commonly cultivated species of Muscari, is robust and naturalises easily.[3] It appeared in European gardens in 1871.[4] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

Cultivars listed by Mathew include 'Blue Spike' and 'Cantab'.[3] Others include 'Argaei Album', 'Album', 'Côte d'Azur', 'Dark Eyes, 'Early Giant', 'Fantasy Creation', 'Peppermint', 'Saffier', and 'Valerie Finnis'. The commonly available form is often referred to as M. armeniacum 'Blue'.[6][7]

'Blue Spike' is a double flowered variety, with double florets on the flower stalk.[8] 'Cantab' is pale blue. 'Fantasy Creation' is a sport (a naturally occurring genetic mutation) of 'Blue Spike'. [9]



  1. ^ Grey-Wilson, Christopher; Mathew, Brian & Blamey, Marjorie (1981), Bulbs : the bulbous plants of Europe and their allies, London: Collins, ISBN 978-0-00-219211-8 , p. 115
  2. ^ "Muscari". Pacific Bulb Society. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  3. ^ a b Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8 , pp. 126
  4. ^ "Paghat's Garden: Armenian Grape Hyacinth". Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Muscari armeniacum". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Plant Expert: Muscari[dead link]
  7. ^ "Pacific Bulb Society". Pacific Bulb Society. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  8. ^ "Northern Shade Gardening: Blue Muscari". Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  9. ^ "Martin Philippo: Muscaripages - Fantasy Creation". Retrieved 2013-10-03. 


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