Muscari armeniacum

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Muscari armeniacum
Muscari armeniacum 4.jpg
Flowering plants
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Muscari
Species: M. armeniacum
Binomial name
Muscari armeniacum
Leichtlin

Muscari armeniacum is a bulbous plant of the genus Muscari with basal, simple leaves and short, flowering stems. It is one of a number of species and genera known as Grape Hyacinth, in this case Armenian Grape Hyacinth.[1] The flowers are purple, blue (with a white fringe), or white and the plants are usually 15 centimetres (6 in) tall. M. armeniacum blooms in mid-Spring (April or May in the Northern Hemisphere) for 3-4 weeks. Some selections are fragrant. Established bulbs leaf in the autumn. M. armeniacum is widespread in the woods and meadows of the Eastern Mediterranean, from Greece and Turkey to the Caucasus.[2]

Flower details

Cultivation[edit]

M. armeniacum is one of the most commonly cultivated species of Muscari, is robust and naturalises easily.[3] It appeared in European gardens in 1871.[4] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

Cultivars listed by Mathew include 'Blue Spike' and 'Cantab'.[3] Others include 'Argaei Album' and 'Album' (white), 'Côte d'Azur', 'Dark Eyes, 'Early Giant', 'Fantasy Creation', 'Peppermint', 'Saffier', and 'Valerie Finnis'. The commonly available form is often referred to as M. armeniacum 'Blue'.[6][7]

'Blue Spike' is a double flowered variety, with double florets on the flower stalk.[8] 'Cantab' is pale blue. 'Fantasy Creation' is a sport (a naturally occurring genetic mutation) of 'Blue Spike'. [9] 'Atlantic' is light blue, introduced by Jan van Bentem in 2002, by hybridisation in 1990 from M. armeniacum and an unknown parent.[10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grey-Wilson, Christopher; Mathew, Brian & Blamey, Marjorie (1981), Bulbs : the bulbous plants of Europe and their allies, London: Collins, ISBN 978-0-00-219211-8 , p. 115
  2. ^ "Muscari". Pacific Bulb Society. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  3. ^ a b Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8 , pp. 126
  4. ^ "Paghat's Garden: Armenian Grape Hyacinth". Paghat.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Muscari armeniacum". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Plant Expert: Muscari[dead link]
  7. ^ "Pacific Bulb Society". Pacific Bulb Society. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  8. ^ "Northern Shade Gardening: Blue Muscari". Northernshade.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  9. ^ "Martin Philippo: Muscaripages - Fantasy Creation". Home.tiscali.nl. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  10. ^ Muscaripages

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]