Muscatine County, Iowa

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Muscatine County, Iowa
Muscatine Court House.JPG
Muscatine County Courthouse in Muscatine
Map of Iowa highlighting Muscatine County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded December 7, 1836
Seat Muscatine
Largest city Muscatine
Area
 • Total 449 sq mi (1,163 km2)
 • Land 437 sq mi (1,132 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.6%
Population
 • (2010) 42,745
 • Density 98/sq mi (38/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.muscatine.ia.us

Muscatine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,745.[1] The county seat is Muscatine.[2] The southeastern border is formed by the Mississippi River.

Muscatine County comprises the Muscatine, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area.[3]

History[edit]

Muscatine County was formed on December 7, 1836. One history of the county claims it was named for Muscatine Island in the Mississippi River.[4] The island lies opposite Muscatine County and was believed to be named after the Mascouten native American tribe, Algonquian-speaking Native Americans who lived in the area before being driven west by settler encroachment and other tribes.[4]

In 1833, Colonel George Davenport of Illinois sent three representatives into the territory to establish a trade post. They were the first European Americans to settle there. In the same year, James W. Casey and John Vanatta came to the area. They opened a supply depot for steamboats on June 1, 1833, and named it Casey’s Woodpile. (The steamboats burned wood.) The first public land sale was held in November 1838. One year later, the construction of the courthouse and a jail was begun. A second jail, referred to as the "Old Jail", was built in 1857.[5]

On December 23, 1864, the courthouse was complete gutted by a fire and, within two years, a new structure was completed on the same site. The construction of the courthouse still used today was completed on September 26, 1907.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 449 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.6%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Other roadways[edit]

County highways[edit]

  • County Highway F58 (formerly Hwy 927)
  • County Highway F62
  • County Highway F65
  • County Highway F70 (155th St)
  • County Highway G14 (180th St)
  • County Highway G28 (230th/231st Sts)
  • County Highway G34 (275th St)
  • County Highway G38 (Fruitland Rd)
  • County Highway X34 (Davis Ave)
  • County Highway X40 (Garfield Ave)
  • County Highway X46 (Kelly Ave/170th St)
  • County Highway X61 (Stewart Rd)
  • County Highway Y14 (Taylor Ave)
  • County Highway Y26 (Vail Ave)
  • County Highway Y30 (Western Ave)
  • County Highway Y36 (Zachary Ave)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,731
1860 16,444 186.9%
1870 21,688 31.9%
1880 23,170 6.8%
1890 24,504 5.8%
1900 28,242 15.3%
1910 29,505 4.5%
1920 29,042 −1.6%
1930 29,385 1.2%
1940 31,296 6.5%
1950 32,148 2.7%
1960 33,840 5.3%
1970 37,181 9.9%
1980 40,436 8.8%
1990 39,907 −1.3%
2000 41,722 4.5%
2010 42,745 2.5%
Est. 2013 42,836 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 42,745 in the county, with a population density of 99.7154/sq mi (38.5003/km2). There were 17,910 housing units, of which 16,412 were occupied.[12]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Adair County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 41,722 people, 15,847 households, and 11,283 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 16,786 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.72% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.05% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 11.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,847 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,803, and the median income for a family was $48,373. Males had a median income of $36,329 versus $24,793 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,625. About 6.30% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

C.S. Barclay farm illustration in 1875

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1," (CSV). 2011 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ a b History Section, 1879, History of Muscatine County Iowa, retrieved 11 May 2009 
  5. ^ "Local Sights". Muscatine County Sheriff. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  6. ^ History
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′52″N 91°07′11″W / 41.48111°N 91.11972°W / 41.48111; -91.11972