Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett

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Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett
MuscoeRHGarnett.jpg
Member of the Confederate States House of Representatives from Virginia's 1st congressional district
In office
February 18, 1862 – February 14, 1864
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Robert Latane Montague
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st district
In office
December 1, 1856 – March 3, 1861
Preceded by Thomas H. Bayly
Succeeded by Joseph E. Segar
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Essex and King and Queen Counties
In office
1854 – 1857
Preceded by Richard Muse
Succeeded by Thomas W. Garrett
Personal details
Born (1821-07-25)July 25, 1821
Elmwood, Loretto, Virginia
Died February 14, 1864(1864-02-14) (aged 42)
Elmwood, Loretto, Virginia
Resting place Elmwood, Loretto, Virginia
Spouse(s) Mary Picton
Children two
Alma mater University of Virginia
Occupation Attorney

Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett (July 25, 1821 – February 14, 1864), was a nineteenth-century politician and lawyer from Virginia.

Biography[edit]

Garnett was the son of James Mercer Garnett and Maria (Hunter) Garnett. He was the grandson of James M. Garnett and nephew of Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter. He was born on his family’s "Elmwood" estate (located near Loretto, Virginia). He attended the University of Virginia, where he received his law degree in 1842. Garnett was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1842, and set up practice, as his father had done, in Loretto. [1]

He was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention in 1850 and 1851. During that time (in 1850), he wrote a pamphlet The Union, Past and Future; how it works and how to save it. By a Citizen of Virginia, which discussed the relationship of slavery to the national government.[2]

Prior to his election to Congress, he was a Virginia delegate to both the 1852 and 1856 Democratic National Conventions, a member of the Virginia House of Delegates (from 1853–1856), and a member of the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia (from 1855–1859).

He was married on July 26, 1860, to Mary Picton, daughter of Edwin Stevens. They had two children before his early death: James Mercer Garnett, born July 7, 1861, and Mary Barton Picton Garnett, born May 28, 1863.[3]

In 1856, Garnett was elected as a Democrat from Virginia's 1st Congressional District to the 34th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas H. Bayly. He was subsequently reelected to both the 35th and 36th Congresses, serving from December 1, 1856, to March 3, 1861, only leaving at the outbreak of the Civil War.

With his sympathies lying with the South, he became a delegate to first the Virginia secession convention and then to the State constitutional convention in 1861. From 1862–1864, he was a Virginian member of the First Confederate Congress. During that same time, his uncle Robert Hunter was the CSA Secretary of State and then a CSA Senator. While attending the Confederate Congress in early 1864, Muscoe caught typhoid fever[4], and subsequently died at his family's "Elmwood" estate on February 14, 1864, where he was buried in the family cemetery.

"Elmwood" was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.[1]

Elections[edit]

  • 1856; Garnett was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in a special election with 51.58% of the vote, defeating American Robert Saunders.
  • 1857; Garnett was re-elected with 57.08% of the vote, defeating American John Critcher.
  • 1859; Garnett was re-elected unopposed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 

External links[edit]

Confederate States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Position established
Member of the Confederate House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st Congressional District

1862–1864
Succeeded by
Robert Latane Montague
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas H. Bayly
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st congressional district

1856 – 1861
Succeeded by
Joseph Segar

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.