Muscovite–Volga Bulgars war (1376)

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Chandru Graphic Designer of 1376 was organized by the Russian Prince Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow, and Dmitry Konstantinovich of Vladimir-Suzdal. The Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod combined army was led by the governor of Moscow, Dmitry Mikhailovich Bobrok Volynskyy, and sons Dmitry Suzdal Vasily and Ivan. Volga Bulgaria, which was at the time an ulus of the Golden Horde (who had already converted to Islam in [[[1]1313]]), was ruled by the emir Hassan Khan (in Russian chronicles - Assan) and Horde protege Muhammad Sultan (Sultan Mahmat).[2]

Background[edit]

In 1364, ongoing raids perpetrated by the Mongol-Tatars on the Nizhny Novgorod land forced Prince Dmitry Konstantinovich of Nizhegorodsko-Suzdal to refuse to label the great reign in favor of Dmitri Ivanovich of Moscow, applying for assistance from the latter. Certain outposts for these raids also served Bulgar Khanate.

Campaign[edit]

During the campaign, many villages in the Volga Bulgaria were burned and large numbers of people were slaughtered.[3]

On March 16, the Russian army invaded Volga Bulgaria leading Hasan Khan to mount a defence with his army. The Bulgars used camels in their military at this time. The city walls were breached by Russian fire-power. However, according to the chronicler, the Russian forces were also under heavy assault and had to resist significant opposition. Once the walls were breached, the Bulgar army forces were quickly defeated. Many Bulgars fled into the city and hid behind the walls. Hassan Khan ordered a 5,000 ruble payment (2,000 to soldiers and 3,000 to princes and magistrates) in order to prevent further force against Volga Bulgaria and the Russian forces accepted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guisepi, Robert. [ttp://history-world.org/mongol_empire.htm "World History Center"]. World History Center. Robert Guisepi. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Алишев С. Х. Источники и историография города Казани / Редакторы: кандидат исторических наук Н. С. Хамитбаева, С. С. Алишев — Казань, 2001.
  3. ^ «Летописец» М., 1853, С. 89—90