Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte (Berlin)
The Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte ("Museum for prehistory and early history"), part of the Berlin State Museums, is one of major archaeological museums of Germany, and among the largest supra-regional collections of prehistoric finds in Europe. It was previously located in the former theatre building by Carl Ferdinand Langhans, next to Schloss Charlottenburg, and encompasses six exhibition halls on three floors. Since October 2009, the museum's exhibitions are now displayed in the Neues Museum on Museum Island.
Apart from a permanent exhibition, it regularly houses temporary exhibits. Attached to the museum is a specialised library on prehistoric archaeology with over 50,000 volumes. Furthermore, the museum houses the Commission for the exploration of archaeological collections and documents from northeast Central Europe, a project for the study of ancient Egyptian calendars, and a number of other bodies.
The collection goes back to the Cabinet of curiosities and later art collection of the Hohenzollern who assembled an initial collection of ancient finds from 1830 onwards in Schloss Monbijou under the name "Museum Vaterländischer Altertümer" (Museum of National Antiquities). Later, the collection moved first to the Neues Museum, then, in 1886, to the Ethnographic Museum (Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse) and in 1921 into the Martin-Gropius-Bau, where it was renamed "Staatliches Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte" in 1931. The museum's financial supporters and contributors of material included Rudolf Virchow and Heinrich Schliemann.
The museum visit takes the form of a circuit walk. It includes the following rooms:
Stone Age and Bronze Age room
The Stone Age and Bronze Age room (Room 3) shows European finds from those periods. The displays include finds from the Palaeolithic sites of Combe-Capelle and Le Moustier, Ice Age art and the development of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic tools. It also presents the Neolithic cultures of Europe from Linear Pottery to Bell beaker. The Bronze Age collection includes material illustrating the development of metallurgy, of cult and of funerarary habits. The geographic range extends from Western Europe to Northern Germany and Scandinavia, but also to East Central Europe, the Alps and Danube region and even Northern Italy.
Room 5 is devoted to the period from the early Iron Age to the Middle Ages. It begins with finds from the Hallstatt culture of the Alps and the Sticna cuirass, followed by Celtic, Germanic and Roman material. The Middle Ages are documented through the exhibition of coins, clothing, weaponry, and other finds.
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