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"Mushroom coral" redirects here. For soft mushroom corals, see Corallimorpharia.
Fungia scutaria 1.jpg
Close-up of Fungia scutaria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Scleractinia
Suborder: Fungiina
Family: Fungiidae

See text.

The Fungiidae /fəŋˈɡ.ɨd/ are a family of Cnidaria. It contains 13 extant genera.


Species are generally solitary marine animals capable of benthic locomotion.[1][2] These corals often appear to be bleached or dead.[3] In most genera, a single polyp emerges from the center of the skeleton to feed at night. Most species remain fully detached from the substrate in adulthood. Some are immobile as well as colonial.[4][5]

Mushroom corals are able to change sex. This is posited to take place in response to environmental or energetic constraints, and to improve the organism's evolutionary fitness; similar phenomena are observed in some dioecious plants.[6]


Notable species[edit]

Importance to humans[edit]

Members of the family Fungiidae are not of any commercial importance, but are collected for the aquarium trade and are sold as "plate corals".


  1. ^ Halstead, Bob. 2000. Coral Sea Reef Guide. Sea Challengers, Danville, CA, USA.
  2. ^ "The Best Livestock For Your Reef Aquarium: Plate Corals, Family Fungiidae, Pt. 1". Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  3. ^ "Stony Corals From The Family Fungiidae, A.J. Nilsen, October 1997, Aquarium.Net". (Where Reefkeeping Begins on the Internet). Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  4. ^ a b "BioLib - Heliofungia actiniformis (Long tentacle plate coral)". Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  5. ^ "Fungioidea". 2002-10-28. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  6. ^ Yossi Loya and Kazuhiko Sakai, "Bidirectional sex change in mushroom stony corals", Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 22 October 2008
  7. ^ "Siokunichthys nigrolineatus". Fishbase. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  8. ^ Bos, Arthur R (2012). "Fishes (Gobiidae and Labridae) associated with the mushroom coral Heliofungia actiniformis (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) in the Philippines". Coral Reefs 31: 133. doi:10.1007/s00338-011-0834-3. 
  9. ^ "Predatory coral eats jellyfish". BBC News. 2009-11-13. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 


See also[edit]

External links[edit]