Mushtaq Khan (economist)
Mushtaq Husain Khan is a heterodox economist and Professor of Economics at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. His work focusses on the economics of poor countries; it includes notable contributions to the field of institutional economics and South Asian development.
Education and career
Educated as an exhibitioner at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, Khan graduated with a first-class BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics in 1981. In 1982, he received his MPhil from King's College, Cambridge, where he would complete a PhD in 1989.
From 1990 to 1996, Khan was both Fellow and Lecturer in Economics at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge and Assistant Director of Development Studies at Cambridge, a prestigious post held by, among others, John Toye and Ha-Joon Chang. In 1996, Khan took up a post at SOAS, where he was made a Professor in 2005.
Apart from his academic career, Khan has held appointments as consultant for a vast number of international institutions focussing on poor countries, among others the World Bank, DfID, UNDP and the Asian Development Bank; moreover, he has held positions as Visiting Professor at Chulalongkorn and Dhaka Universities. Several of his articles have won prizes including the Hans Singer Prize and the Frank Cass Prize. In addition, he is a regular commentator to the BBC's Bengali service broadcasts.
'Good governance' and 'transformation potential'
Mushtaq Khan's research has produced notable contributions to heterodox institutional political economy; in particular, he subjects what he terms the 'good governance consensus' of the Bretton Woods institutions and many non-governmental organisations to a thorough critique. In several publications, he challenges the belief that the elimination of rents, corruption and rent-seeking behaviour as well as democratisation and decentralisation represent the precondition for successful development. According to him, there is no historical evidence for this sequencing; indeed, he claims that all evidence suggests opposite causal direction, so that 'good governance' is the outcome, rather than the cause, for growth.
Instead, he emphasises the importance of transformation potential, that is the capacity of states to transform rent-seeking behaviour into uses which are conducive to growth. On this account, notable examples include Taiwan and South Korea where states intervened heavily and used patron-client relationships in order to further growth.
- His curriculum vitae
- Khan, M. H., 1995. "State Failure in Weak States: A Critique of New Institutionalist Explanations". In: Harriss, J., Hunter, J., and Lewis, C., eds. New Institutional Economics and Third World Development. London: Routledge.
- Khan, M., 1998. "Patron-Client Networks and the Economic Effects of Corruption in Asia". European Journal of Development Research 10 (1): 15-39.
- Khan, M. H., and Jomo, K. S., eds. 2000. Rents, Rent-Seeking and Economic Development: Theory and Evidence in Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
- Khan, M. H., 2005. "Markets, States and Democracy: Patron-Client Networks and the Case for Democracy in Developing Countries". Democratization 12 (5): 705-25.
- Khan, M. H., 2004. "Evaluating the Emerging Palestinian State - 'Good Governance' versus 'Transformation Potential'". In: Khan, Giacaman, and Amundsen. State Formation in Palestine - Viability and Governance During a Social Transformation. London: Routledge.