22 November 1943 |
Junagadh, Gujarat, British India (now India)
|Batting style||Right-hand batsman|
|Bowling style||Right-arm legbreak googly|
|Relations||Wazir Mohammad (brother)
Raees Mohammad (brother)
Hanif Mohammad (brother)
Sadiq Mohammad (brother)
Shoaib Mohammad (nephew)
|Test debut (cap 31)||26 March 1959 v West Indies|
|Last Test||24 March 1979 v Australia|
|ODI debut (cap 5)||11 February 1973 v New Zealand|
|Last ODI||3 November 1978 v India|
|Source: ESPNcricinfo, 14 March 2013|
Mushtaq Mohammad (Urdu: مشتاق محمد; born 22 November 1943) is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in 57 Tests and 10 ODIs from 1959 to 1979. A right-handed batsman and a leg-spinner, he is one of the most successful Pakistani all-rounders and went on to captain his country in nineteen Test matches. He was the first and to date only Pakistani to score a century and take five wickets in the same test match twice. He was one of the five Mohammad brothers, four of whom played cricket for Pakistan. Mushtaq recently coached the United States national cricket team, but has returned to commentary for Pakistani Television.
Mushtaq began his first class career at the age of 13 years and 41 days, scoring 87 and taking 5 for 28 on debut. He played for Karachi and Pakistan International Airlines at home and went on to represent Northamptonshire in county cricket from 1966 to 1977, scoring more than 1,000 runs in every season. In both 1967 and 1971 he stayed with the county during Pakistan tours of England, playing for the touring side only in Test matches and a few other fixtures.
Mushtaq captained Northamptonshire between 1975 and 1977, and in 1976 led the side to victory in the Gillette Cup, the county's first-ever trophy, and to second place in the County Championship, equalling its best-ever position. But his captaincy ended in some controversy. According to Wisden 1978 edition, Mushtaq resigned, claiming that his future had not been made clear and that there were rumours – which turned out to be true – that former captain Jim Watts was to be reappointed for 1978. Mushtaq had in any case signed for the Packer venture in Australia, but there were harsh words from the county's chairman about dressing room politics and Mushtaq did not play for Northants again.
He scored 72 hundreds in a 502 game first class career. He was the first Pakistani to score 25,000 first class runs, ending up with 31,091, more than half of them for Northamptonshire. His record included a highest score of 303 not out. As a wrist-spinner, he bowled the legbreak, googly and flipper.
On 26 March 1959 against West Indies at Lahore, Mushtaq succeeded his elder brothers Wazir and Hanif into Test cricket. At 15 years and 124 days, he was the youngest person to play Test cricket at the time, though some doubt exists as to his exact age. He scored only 18 runs in the match as Pakistan were defeated by an innings and 156 runs. The first of his ten Test hundreds would come in his 6th Test, 101 against India in Feroz Shah Kotla. He is believed to have been just 17 and 78 days old at the time of the innings which became a record. The record stood for over 40 years until it was bettered by Mohammad Ashraful. His next century came against England in 1962 and he would have to wait another 9 years until his next.
In 1970 he played for the Rest of the World against England in the series that was later stripped of its Test status. Early in 1973, he scored 121 against Australia at Sydney and 201 against New Zealand in his next match a month later. In the latter game, he became the only cricketer other than Denis Atkinson to score a double century and take five wickets in a Test match. He finished the year with 777 runs at the average of 86.33.
He captained Pakistan in 19 Test matches from 1976–77 to 1978–79. During this time, he scored 121 and 56 and took eight wickets against West Indies at Port of Spain in 1976–77 to inflict a rare home defeat on West Indies. He led Pakistan to a 2–0 win over India when the two countries played their first series against each other in eighteen years in 1978–79.
Mushtaq is regarded as one of the first cricketers to use the reverse-sweep in the 1970s. Though his elder brother Hanif Mohammad is sometimes credited as the inventor. Cricket coach Bob Woolmer has been credited with popularising the stroke.
- 5 for and century espncricinfo. Retrieved 20 December 2011
- Sharif, Azizullah. "KARACHI: Restoration of Church Mission School ordered" (Archive). Dawn. 20 February 2010. Retrieved on 26 May 2014.
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