Musi River (India)
Musi River is a tributary of Krishna River in the Deccan Plateau flowing through Andhra Pradesh state in India. Hyderabad stands on the banks of Musi river, which divides the historic old city with the new city. Himayat Sagar and Osman Sagar are two dams built on it which act as source of water for Hyderabad.
The river originates in Anantagiri Hills near Vikarabad, Ranga Reddy district, 90 kilometers to the west of Hyderabad and flows due east for almost all of its course. It joins the Krishna River at Vadapally in Nalgonda district after covering a total distance of about 240 km.
There are many bridges across the river in Hyderabad . The oldest bridge, Purana pul (meaning 'old bridge') was built during the reign of Ibrahim Qutub shah in 1579 A.D. Nayapul (meaning 'new bridge'), located near High court was added later. There are various other bridges located in Dabirpura, Chaderghat, Amberpet and Uppal Kalan.
Places of interest
- Andhra Pradesh High Court
- City college
- Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station
- Osmania General Hospital
- Salar Jung Museum
- State Central Library
Musi river was the cause of frequent flood devastation of Hyderabad city till the early decades of 20th Century. On Tuesday 28 September 1908, Hyderabad witnessed disastrous floods of the River Musi, flowing through the city. In one day, 17 inches of rainfall was recorded and the water level at Afzalgunj was about 11 feet (3.4 m) high. These floods caused huge devastation to Hyderabad and the modern era of the development of the twin cities began soon after these floods in AD 1908. This necessitated planned development of the city in a phased manner.
Syed Azam Hussaini submitted his report on October 1, 1909, with recommendations on preventing a recurrence of floods and also improving civic amenities. Nizam VII constituted a City Improve Trust in 1912. He built a flood control system on the river to prevent the flooding. A dam was built in 1920 across the river, ten miles (16 km) upstream from the city called Osman Sagar. In 1927 another reservoir was built on Esi (tributary of Musi) and named Himayat Sagar. These lakes prevented the flooding of the River Musi and are major drinking water sources for Hyderabad city.
Due to indiscriminate urbanization and lack of planning, the river has become a receptacle of untreated domestic and industrial waste dumping out of Hyderabad. It is estimated that nearly 350 MLD (Million Litres a Day) of polluted water and sewage originating from the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad flow into the river. Numerous efforts to clean it have failed. The river water downstream of city remains highly polluted, considered a major disaster in Hyderabad.
References and notes
- Ifthekhar, J.S (28 September 2012). "Remembering the deluge of 1908". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- Murali, D. "Floods proved a blessing in disguise". The Hindu. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
- Shahid, Sajjad (30 September 2012). "Sitamber: the harbinger of torment". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- ^ Kashiyatra charitra - Enugula Viraswamayya (Telugu)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musi River (India).|
- Making a Living Along the Musi River,India
- Livelihoods and Wastewater Irrigated Agriculture along the Musi River in Hyderabad City
- Hyderabads twin safaris left to dry and disappear
- Prabhakar, C. Paul (August 2007). "Ground Water Information" (PDF). Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, Southern Region. Hyderabad: Ministry of Water Resources. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
- Mandal (2009). "Salient Features of the Prakasam District" (PDF). Ongole (Prakasam). Retrieved 4 March 2011.