Musi River (India)

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Musi river scene in 1895

Musi River is a tributary of Krishna River in the Deccan Plateau flowing through Telangana state in India. Hyderabad stands on the banks of Musi river, which divides the historic old city with the new city. Himayat Sagar and Osman Sagar are dams built on it which used to act as source of water for Hyderabad.


The river originates in Anantagiri Hills near Vikarabad, Ranga Reddy district, 90 kilometers to the west of Hyderabad and flows due east for almost all of its course. It joins the Krishna River at Vadapally in Nalgonda district after covering a distance of about 240 km.

Mythological History of the River[edit]

Musi river was know as Muchukunda river in olden days. Muchukunda, son of King Mandhata, was born in the Ikshvaku dynasty. Ikshvaku dynasty is also known as Surya vamsham. The important kings of this dynasty are Harish chandra, Dileepa, Raghu and Lord Rama.Once, in a battle, the Devas were defeated by the demons,they sought help from King Muchukunda. King Muchukunda agreed to help them and fought against the demons for a long time. King Muchukunda protected them against the demons. King Muchkunda asks Lord Indra for a boon to sleep. While fighting on the side of the Devas, king Muchukunda did not get an opportunity to sleep even for a moment. He was feeling very sleepy. So, he said, "O King of the devas, I want to sleep. Anyone who dares to disturb my sleep should get burnt to ashes immediately". After this, king Muchukunda descended to earth and selected a cave, where he could sleep without being disturbed. Later in Dwapara Yugam, there was the war between Lord Krishna and Jarasandh,Kalyavan was supporting the Jarasandh, Lord Krishna couldn't defeat the Kalyavan as he had a boon from Lord Shiva that he can be killed only by Surya Vamsham or Chandra Vamsham King. Krishna dismounts from his chariot and pretended fear and starts walking away from Battle Field, Kalayavan followed him. Lord Krishna ran into the cave, where King Muchukunda was sleeping. Kalyavan came running after him and mistaking the sleeping form of Muchukunda for Krishna and kicked him. Muchukunda woke from his sleep, and in accordance with a boon he had received from Indra, When he opens his eyes his gaze falls on Kalayavan who is immediately burnt to death.

King Muchukunda saw Lord Krishna and was delighted. Lord Krishna gave darshanam in the form of Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swamy to Muchukunda and Markandeya, He was doing thapasya on suggestion of Lord Brahma for Darsham of Lord Vishnu. Lord Shri Krishna blessed him to take a permanent place in the world in the form of river Muchukunda. The same river today is Musi River which flows through Hyderabad. This river start and ends in Telangana State


There are many bridges across the river in Hyderabad. The oldest bridge, Purana pul (meaning 'old bridge') was built during the reign of Ibrahim Qutub shah in 1579 A.D. Nayapul (meaning 'new bridge'), near High Court was added later. There are other bridges in Dabirpura, Chaderghat, Amberpet and Uppal Kalan.

Places of interest[edit]


Main article: Great Musi Flood

The Musi river was the cause of frequent flood devastation of Hyderabad city until the early decades of the 20th century. On Tuesday 28 September 1908, Hyderabad witnessed disastrous floods of the River Musi, flowing through the city.[1] In one day, 17 inches of rainfall was recorded and the water level at Afzalgunj was about 11 feet (3.4 m) high. These floods caused huge devastation to Hyderabad and killed around 15,000 people.

The modern era of the development of the twin cities began soon after these floods in 1908. This necessitated planned, phased development.[2][3]

Syed Azam Hussaini submitted his report on October 1, 1909, with recommendations on preventing a recurrence of floods and improving civic amenities. Nizam VII constituted a City Improve Trust in 1912. He built a flood control system on the river. A dam was built in 1920 across the river, ten miles (16 km) upstream from the city called Osman Sagar. In 1927 another reservoir was built on Esi (tributary of Musi) and named Himayat Sagar. These lakes prevented the flooding of the River Musi and are major drinking water sources for Hyderabad city.[3]

Current status[edit]

Due to indiscriminate urbanization and lack of planning, the river has become a receptacle of untreated domestic and industrial waste dumping out of Hyderabad. It is estimated that nearly 350 MLD (million litres a day) of polluted water and sewage originating from Hyderabad and Secunderabad flow into the river. Efforts to clean it have failed. The river water downstream of the cities remains highly polluted, considered a major disaster in Hyderabad.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ifthekhar, J.S (28 September 2012). "Remembering the deluge of 1908". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Murali, D. "Floods proved a blessing in disguise". The Hindu. Retrieved July 17, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Shahid, Sajjad (30 September 2012). "Sitamber: the harbinger of torment". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  1. ^ Kashiyatra charitra - Enugula Viraswamayya (Telugu)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°22′N 78°28′E / 17.367°N 78.467°E / 17.367; 78.467