Music Maker (label)
|Music Maker (label)|
|Distributor(s)||Dixiefrog Records (Europe)|
|Genre||Blues, Gospel, Folk, Soul, Rhythm and blues|
|Country of origin||US|
|Location||Hillsborough, North Carolina|
Music Maker Relief Foundation is an American non-profit, based in Hillsborough, North Carolina. Music Maker Relief Foundation was founded in 1994 by Tim and Denise Duffy to "help the true pioneers and forgotten heroes of Southern music gain recognition and meet their day to day needs. [Music Maker] presents these musical traditions to the world so American culture will flourish and be preserved for future generations."
In 1989, while completing his studies for a master's degree in Folklore at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Tim Duffy was documenting blues musician James "Guitar Slim" Stephens for the university's Southern Folklife Collection. Stephens' health was in decline, and shortly before his death, he advised Duffy to locate a musician named Guitar Gabriel. After his graduation, Duffy began working as a substitute teacher at a middle school in Winston-Salem, hearing an assortment of folkloric tales about Guitar Gabriel from students, until one student volunteered that Gabriel was her neighbor, living in the government housing projects of Winston-Salem. That evening, Duffy followed the student's directions to a "drink house" in the neighborhood, where he met Gabriel's nephew, Hawkeye, who took him to meet Gabriel. Duffy forged a close friendship with Gabriel, and the two began recording and performing under the name Guitar Gabriel & Brothers in the Kitchen, releasing the album "Do You Know What it Means to Have a Friend?" (also known as "Toot Blues") on their own Karibu label in 1991. Gabriel, who had long been inactive in the music industry since the 1970 release of his album "My South, My Blues" (as Nyles Jones) on the Gemini label (for which he received no royalties), had become impoverished. During this time, Gabriel required almost daily assistance from Duffy, who provided transportation to medical appointments, monetary assistance, and food for Gabriel and his wife. Through Gabriel, Tim and Denise Duffy were introduced to, and made extensive field recordings of many other area blues musicians, such as Captain Luke, Macavine Hayes, Mr. Q., and Willa Mae Buckner, all of whom were living in poor conditions, and who were in need of regular assistance in order to preserve this culture, which Duffy saw quickly slipping by the notice of the music industry, as a whole.
During this time, Tim's father, Allen Duffy, a lawyer, had represented and won a legal victory for audio pioneer Mark Levinson, allowing him to continue working in the hi-fi industry. Levinson heard about Tim Duffy's field recordings, some reminiscent of the work of John and Alan Lomax, and invited Duffy to visit his stereo showroom in New York. After hearing the recordings, as well as the stories of the many destitute musicians, Levinson offered to remaster the tapes, which became an eight-artist CD anthology of traditional North Carolina blues entitled, "A Living Past". Levinson became a crusader for the cause, and solicited funds and industry connections from his friends and colleagues, which, in 1994, resulted in the incorporation of the Music Maker Relief Foundation.
In 1995, Tim Duffy met Eric Clapton in a Manhattan bistro, sharing some of his field recordings, as well as the philosophy and goals of the foundation, after which Clapton became a major supporter, introducing and opening the door to artists such as B.B. King, Pete Townshend, Bonnie Raitt, Ron Wood, Lou Reed and Rosanne Cash, all of whom have donated to the Music Maker Relief Foundation. Duffy would later be invited to the Los Angeles Studio where B.B. King's album, Deuces Wild, was being recorded, and where he would meet Taj Mahal, who would take an active role in the foundation's growth and success.
By 1996, after receiving several sizable donations, Music Maker Relief Foundation had established the Musician Sustenance, Musical Development, and Cultural Access Programs, which provide food, monetary assistance, transportation to doctor's appointments and to pick up medications, home repairs (in some cases, extremely poor living conditions have warranted the relocation of the musician) performance bookings in professional venues, such as the Lincoln Center and Carnegie Hall, as well as European tours and music festivals worldwide. The success of which is due, in large part, to Taj Mahal, who by 1997 had become deeply involved in the workings of the foundation as an advisory board member, artistic consultant, contributor and co-producer to many of the artists' records. Taj Mahal headlined Blues festivals in support of Music Maker, was instrumental in securing major advertising in mainstream print media, as well as the creation of the "Fishin' Blues Tournament", which acts as a fundraiser for the foundation. Over the next several years, many new donors and contributors would become involved, allowing Duffy to expand the roster of the label, and to release over one hundred albums, the proceeds of which the artists keep, in their entirety. Many of the label's artists have been documented in the collaborative work of artists Harvey Pekar and Gary Dumm, who have contributed artwork since 2003, and whose work was featured in a 2010 calendar, created as a fundraiser for Music Maker Relief Foundation.
- 1977 : This Stuff Just Kills Me by Jerry McCain with John Primer and Johnnie Johnson
- 1999 : Railroad Bill by Etta Baker
- 2001 : Unplugged by Jerry McCain
- 2002 : Songs from the Roots of America ( I & II )
- 2003 : Guitar Heaven by Cool John Ferguson (MM34)
- 2003 : Boogie is My Name by Jerry McCain (MM34)
- 2004 : High Steppin' Momma by Clyde Langford (MM45)
- 2004 : Follow Your Heart's Desire by Pura Fé (MM48)
- 2004 : Musicmakers with Taj Mahal (MM49)
- 2004 : Etta Baker with Taj Mahal (MM50)
- 2005 : The Last & Lost Blues Survivors (Dixiefrog)
- 2005 : Drinkhouse by Macavine Hayes (MM53)
- 2005 : Carolina Breakdown by Etta Baker with Cora Phillips (MM56)
- 2005 : One Man Band by Adolphus Bell (MM58)
- 2006 : Treasure Box (MM61-62-63)
- 2006 : John Dee Holeman & The Waifs Band (MM68)
- 2006 : Drink House to Church House Vol.1 (diff. Dixiefrog) with a DVD with John Dee Holeman, Captain Luke, Cool John Ferguson, Macavine Hayes, Alabama Slim and others
- 2006 : Rainy Day by George Higgs (MM77)
- 2007 : Back in Business by Beverly Watkins
- A Living Past MMCD 9401 (1994)
- Came So Far MMCD 1294
- Expressin' the Blues MMKCD 701 (1999)
- Blues Came to Georgia MMCD 23 (2001)
- Sol - Volume: blue MMCD 25
- Songs from the Roots of America (Book w/ CD) (2002)
- Songs from the Roots of America II MMCD 28 (2002)
- Music Makers with Taj Mahal (2005)
- Music Maker Treasure Box (2006)
- Blues Sweet Blues (2007)
- Drink House to Church House Vol. 1 (2007) CD/DVD
- "The Music Maker Mission - Music Maker Relief Foundation". Musicmaker.org. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Timothy Duffy Collection, 1990-2004". Lib.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Guitar Gabriel". Wirz.de. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "Nyles Jones - My South My Blues (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Tim Duffy And Music Maker". Bluesart.at. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "American Blues-Music Maker Relief Foundation: Music Maker Article". Ibiblio.org. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Tim Duffy: Music Maker Relief Foundation". Swampland. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Comics - Music Maker Relief Foundation". Musicmaker.org. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Harvey Pekar/Gary Dumm 2010 Calendar in the News - Articles - Music Maker Relief Foundation". Musicmaker.org. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- Duffy, Timothy (ed); Music Makers : Portraits and Songs from the Roots of America - with B.B. King