Fujian is a Chinese province. Traditional music include a variety of folk and classical styles. Nanyin is a style of music that dates back to the period between the Sui and Tang eras, in the 7th century. The city of Quanzhou was a major city at the time, and was situation upon an important maritime trade route, bringing elements of distant cultures to the city. The result was what is now known as nanyin/nanguan music, regarding as a "living fossil" of ancient Chinese music. The cities of Xiamen and Quanzhou have applied to UNESCO for recognition as masterpieces of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity.
Hakka music is literary and laid-back in tone, and consists entirely of five notes; many folk songs only use three notes.