Music of Liverpool

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The Beatles are by far the city's most famous musical exports. They have sold more albums in the US than any other artist in history
The 11,000 capacity Echo Arena has held host to numerous world famous musicians and also recently, the MTV Europe Music Awards 2008
A recent number-one UK single by a Liverpudlian is by Heidi Range who belongs to the girlband, Sugababes

Liverpool has a lengthy tradition of music both classical and pop. It is well known for The Beatles (who recorded 17 UK and 20 US number-one singles). Its pop and rock music scene has also been important in the development of a number of other bands and artists since the 1950s.

History[edit]

In 2001 the Guinness Book of Records declared Liverpool 'City of Pop' due to the many number one records to have emerged from the city. The most famous band to have come from Liverpool is The Beatles who played many of their early gigs at the Cavern Club.

Many sea shanties specifically refer to Liverpool, such as "Heave Away", "Liverpool Judies", and "Maggie May", which was later performed by The Beatles.

In the 1960s, the city was home to the development of the Merseybeat style of pop music, popularised by artists including Gerry & The Pacemakers. However, even before Merseybeat Liverpool had successful acts such as Frankie Vaughan, Lita Roza and Billy Fury. In the late 1970s/early 1980s, Echo & the Bunnymen, A Flock of Seagulls, Teardrop Explodes, the Mighty Wah!, OMD, China Crisis, Frankie Goes to Hollywood and Dead or Alive emerged.

1990s bands that enjoyed success were The Boo Radleys, The La's, The Real People, The Farm and Cast. Since 2000 bands such as The Zutons, The Wombats and The Coral have become popular. As a backlash to this regular guitar pop music, another scene far more influenced by post punk and experimental music has emerged more recently spearheaded by bands such as Ladytron, Clinic, a.P.A.t.T., Hot Club de Paris, Kling Klang, and Police Squad.

In 2008 World Museum Liverpool (in partnership the Institute of Popular Music at University of Liverpool) created The Beat Goes On exhibition charting the history of music in Liverpool in depth, from 1945 to the present day.

Music events[edit]

The Liverpool International Music Festival (LIMF) evolved from the Mathew Street Music Festival, which was the largest annual free music festival in Liverpool attracting over 200,000 visitors to the City.

Liverpool International Music Festival is an annual music festival, which takes place during August throughout Liverpool. In 2013, its first year, it took place over 5 weeks and encompassed a number of smaller festivals and events including Summer Camp Festival, International Beatles Week & Liverpool Fringe Festival. Over the festival period there were over 1000 live performances including Vasily Petrenko & The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, The Charlatans, Soul II Soul, Damian Marley, Texas, Rebecca Ferguson, The Saturdays,The Christians, Deaf School and The Farm. The festival also offered an Youth Music Academy, supported by Virgin Trains, a music related Pop Up Art Gallery and a number of showcases and events.

Official Website: www.limfestival.com

In 2011 the GIT Award - formed through influential Liverpool music blog Getintothis - was founded. Dubbed the 'Scouse Mercury Prize' by NME, the GIT Award celebrated and championed Merseyside's revitalised music scene. Garnering backing from over 90 businesses and with a judging panel including the Guardian, NME, 6 Music and founder Peter Guy from the Liverpool Echo, the GIT Award nominated 12 artists representing the best artists from that calendar year.

The 12 shortlisted GIT Award 2012 artists were: Bang On, Ex-Easter Island-Head, Forest Swords, Miss Stylie, Mugstar, Ninetails, Outfit, Bill Ryder-Jones, Stealing Sheep, Tea Street Band and Esco Williams with Loved Ones unveiled as winner.

From over 480 entries, the 12 shortlisted GIT Award 2013 artists were Baltic Fleet, Barberos, By The Sea, Nadine Carina, Clinic, Conan, Dan Croll, John Heckle, Jetta, Tyler Mensah, Stealing Sheep and Wave Machines. The nominees performed at a special showcase night at Leaf on Bold Street in April 2013 before Baltic Fleet was unveiled as the eventual winner. A special Inspiration Award, recognising services to Liverpool's music industry was won by The Justice Collective and Tyler Mensah claimed the People's Choice Award.

The GIT Award 2014 shortlist was All We Are, Evian Christ, Circa Waves, Dan Croll, Ex-Easter Island Head, Mad Brains, Ninetails, Outfit, Bill Ryder-Jones, The Tea Street Band, VEYU and winner Forest Swords who accepted his prize via legendary reggae star Lee Scratch Perry.

Official Website: [1]

Liverpool hosts several music festivals each year which celebrate and represent the different cultures within the city. Africa Oye is the UK's largest free festival of African music.

Africa Oye Official website: [2]

Each year the Liverpool Irish Festival is held featuring mostly folk music celebrating the cultural links between Liverpool and Ireland. Liverpool contains a very large Irish population

Official website: [3]

Venues[edit]

The 1960s saw the emergence of Merseybeat and the Cavern Club, the late 1970s and early 1980s a punk scene centered on another club, Eric's also on Mathew Street, while 1990s dance clubs included Quadrant Park, Cream and more recently Chibuku.[1] The majority of the city's largest and most popular music venues and clubs are located at Concert Square, Mathew Street, Hardman Street and Hope Street.

Current venues include the Echo Arena Liverpool, Masque, Kazimier, Zanzibar, O2 Academy, The Magnet, The Lomax and The View Two Gallery.

Recent notable bands[edit]

Record Labels[edit]

A number of independent record labels are currently active in the Liverpool scene:

Number-one singles[edit]

Below is a list of songs by artists from Liverpool that attained the number one position in the UK Singles Chart.

20th Century[edit]

1950s[edit]

1960s[edit]

1960
1961
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1970s[edit]

1971
1977

1980s[edit]

1980
1981
  • 10 January : John Lennon - "Imagine"
  • 7 February : John Lennon - "Woman"
1982
1984
1985
1987
1989

1990s[edit]

1996
1998

21st Century[edit]

2000s[edit]

2000
2001
2002
2003
2007

2010s[edit]

2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Venues". LivInTheLimelight. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  2. ^ The Christians, Holly Johnson, Paul McCartney, Gerry Marsden, Stock Aitken Waterman
  3. ^ charity record for the Hillsborough Disaster