Music of Portal 2

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Portal 2 is a physics-based puzzle-platformer game created by the Valve Corporation and released on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in April 2011. The game, set in the desolate, labyrinthine Aperture Science facility, challenges the player to navigate test chambers created by the artificial intelligence GLaDOS, using a portal gun, a device able to create portals that link two points in space like a wormhole. The game expands on the original Portal by adding new puzzle elements, such as paint that imparts properties to surfaces, plates that can launch the player and objects over distances, and tractor beams and light bridges.

The game's music includes original scores composed by Valve's Mike Morasky, and two original songs provided by Jonathan Coulton and the band The National. The bulk of the music was released as a freely-available download across three volumes, entitled Songs to Test By, and later in a four-disc retail Collector's edition that included music from Portal.

"Want You Gone"[edit]

Jonathan Coulton, who provided the song "Still Alive" for the first Portal, was asked to compose the game's final credits song, "Want You Gone".

Jonathan Coulton's song "Still Alive", which is sung by GLaDOS (voiced by Ellen McLain) over Portal's end credits, was considered a large part of Portal's success; in designing Portal 2, Valve desired to incorporate more music into the game, including further involvement from Coulton.[1] Coulton wrote a new song for the game's ending credits, "Want You Gone", also written from GLaDOS's viewpoint.[2] Coulton had discussed with Wolpaw about whether an ending song would be necessary, and how they could create "an emotional moment" comparable to "Still Alive", back in 2009 when Portal 2's ending was not yet determined.[3] Other options were considered, such as several "joke songs" and false endings for the game.[3] Ultimately the game's finale, where GLaDOS effectively "breaks up" with Chell, was set by the last quarter of 2010, and Coulton played the game as it had been developed to that point to generate ideas. Elements of the ending, such as Chell being told to leave Aperture with the door slamming behind her, led to the development of main chorus line "I used to want you dead, but now I only want you gone." Coulton wrote the lyrics and composed the song over the course of several days, with John Flansburgh assisting on electronic drums, and traveled to Valve's headquarters in January 2011 to record it with McLain.[3]

In addition to its inclusion in the Portal 2 soundtrack, a version of "Want You Gone" as sung by Coulton appears on his 2011 album Artificial Heart.[4]

"Exile Vilify"[edit]

The band The National worked with Valve to create the haunting "Exile Vilify" used in conjunction with one of the dens of the Rat Man within the game.

The indie rock band The National provided another original song, "Exile Vilify"; its lyrics were composed by the group and reviewed by Valve to ensure they fit with the tone of one of the Rattmann's dens, where it appears in-game.[5][6][7] The National had expressed an interest in doing music for Valve to Bug Music, their publishing label, which the label forwarded on to Valve in discussing other music opportunities for the game. Valve and Bug Music identified that The National would fit well into Portal 2, as their "raw and emotive music evokes the same visceral reactions from its listeners that Portal does from its players" according to Bug Music's spokesperson Julia Betley.[8] The song is considered by Paste to be a "haunted, piano-lead ballad" similar to the band's song "Think You Can Wait" used in the film Win Win.[7] "Exile Vilify" is not included in the freely downloadable Portal 2 soundtrack, but instead was released as a digital single by the band.[7]

After the game's release, Valve and The National ran a contest encouraging users to create their own music video for "Exile Vilify", offering as prizes Valve merchandise and a guitar signed by members of the band.[9] Of 320 videos submitted, Valve ultimately awarded two videos first prize. One video featured a sock puppet that "had nothing to do with Portal" but "managed to beautifully capture the spirit of the song", while the other provided an animated retelling of the Lab Rat comic.[10][11]

Original music[edit]

Valve's Mike Morasky was the lead composer for the game's backing music.[12] In keeping with the theme from Portal, Morasky wanted to create music that kept an "old future through a new lens" approach, such as by using minimalist electronic piano or mangled chiptunes.[13][14] He also wanted to create music that would sound like it would have been composed by a computer, citing the use of "stiff arpeggios, math-like voice leading, odd rhythm patterns and whole tone scales" as a means to achieve this.[14] Morasky also incorporated the briefly-seen singing turrets—all voiced by McLain— in the piece "Cara Mia Addio!" after recalling that she was a former opera singer, and used snippets of her singing to create something that still sounded synthetic.[5] Except for McLain's vocals, all the music is based on synthesized or sampled sounds, and even with McLain, her voice was resampled to make it sound like a computer.[14]

Morasky created procedurally generated music, which is generated in real time based on the player's actions. This type of music system was based on the previous success of incidental music used in the Left 4 Dead series, and was developed to create a generalized platform for reuse in future Valve productions.[14] Such music is generated by the player's interaction with various puzzle objects in the test chambers, such as launching from an Aerial Faith Plate. Morasky designed the procedure to build out the music more as the player completed more of each puzzle.[14] Morasky also saw this as a means to provide experimentation to the player, exploring both space and timing of events to alter the composition of the music.[14] Morasky claims that one piece of music "only repeats itself every 76,911 years, 125 days, 7 hours, 56 minutes and 30.3 seconds".[15] Morasky designed this dynamic music as a reward for successfully completing puzzles.[3]

Songs to Test By[edit]

Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By
Soundtrack album by Aperture Science Psychoacoustics Laboratory (Mike Morasky)
Released Volume 1: May 25, 2011 (2011-05-25)
Volume 2: July 1, 2011 (2011-07-01)
Volume 3: September 30, 2011 (2011-09-30)
Genre Video game soundtrack, dark ambient
Length Volume 1: 73:39
Volume 2: 62:13
Volume 3: 65:54

Songs to Test By is the three-volume soundtrack for Portal 2, containing nearly all of the music from the game. The soundtrack was released freely to the Internet volume-by-volume between May and September 2011.[16][17] Along with the soundtrack, Valve included several Portal 2-themed ringtones.

Soundtrack listing[edit]

Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By – Volume 1
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Science Is Fun"   Mike Morasky 2:33
2. "Concentration Enhancing Menu Initialiser"   Mike Morasky 2:17
3. "9999999"   Mike Morasky 3:11
4. "The Courtesy Call"   Mike Morasky 3:37
5. "Technical Difficulties"   Mike Morasky 3:22
6. "Overgrowth"   Mike Morasky 2:51
7. "Ghost of Rattman"   Mike Morasky 4:06
8. "Haunted Panels"   Mike Morasky 1:36
9. "The Future Starts with You"   Mike Morasky 3:22
10. "There She Is"   Mike Morasky 4:21
11. "You Know Her?"   Mike Morasky 3:11
12. "The Friendly Faith Plate"   Mike Morasky 2:59
13. "15 Acres of Broken Glass"   Mike Morasky 5:00
14. "Love as a Construct"   Mike Morasky 4:57
15. "I Saw a Deer Today"   Mike Morasky 3:13
16. "Hard Sunshine"   Mike Morasky 2:48
17. "I'm Different"   Mike Morasky 4:29
18. "Adrenal Vapor"   Mike Morasky 2:36
19. "Turret Wife Serenade"   Mike Morasky 1:39
20. "I Made It All Up"   Mike Morasky 3:56
21. "Comedy = Tragedy + Time"   Mike Morasky 3:30
22. "Triple Laser Phase"   Mike Morasky 4:15
Total length:
73:39
Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By – Volume 2
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "You Will Be Perfect"   Mike Morasky 2:40
2. "Halls of Science 4"   Mike Morasky 4:35
3. "(defun botsbuildbots () (botsbuildbots))"   Mike Morasky 4:07
4. "An Accent Beyond"   Mike Morasky 2:58
5. "Robot Ghost Story"   Mike Morasky 3:07
6. "Die Cut Laser Dance"   Mike Morasky 2:00
7. "Turret Redemption Line"   Mike Morasky 3:23
8. "Bring Your Daughter to Work Day"   Mike Morasky 2:40
9. "Almost at Fifty Percent"   Mike Morasky 1:59
10. "Don't Do It"   Mike Morasky 5:16
11. "I AM NOT A MORON!"   Mike Morasky 3:47
12. "Vitrification Order"   Mike Morasky 6:34
13. "Music of the Spheres"   Mike Morasky 3:39
14. "You Are Not Part of the Control Group"   Mike Morasky 3:24
15. "Forwarding the Cause of Science"   Mike Morasky 3:41
16. "PotatOS Lament"   Mike Morasky 1:59
17. "The Reunion"   Mike Morasky 3:46
18. "Music of the Spheres 2 (Incendiary Lemons)"   Mike Morasky 2:44
Total length:
62:13
Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By – Volume 3
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Reconstructing More Science"   Mike Morasky 2:36
2. "Wheatley Science"   Mike Morasky 2:29
3. "FrankenTurrets"   Mike Morasky 4:08
4. "Machiavellian Bach"   Mike Morasky 4:01
5. "Excursion Funnel"   Mike Morasky 4:32
6. "TEST"   Mike Morasky 6:14
7. "The Part Where He Kills You"   Mike Morasky 3:23
8. "Omg, What Has He Done?"   Mike Morasky 2:24
9. "Bombs for Throwing at You"   Mike Morasky 5:48
10. "Your Precious Moon"   Mike Morasky 1:55
11. "Caroline Deleted"   Mike Morasky 1:50
12. "Cara Mia Addio"   Mike Morasky 2:33
13. "Want You Gone"   Jonathan Coulton 2:21
14. "Spaaaaace"   Mike Morasky 0:45
15. "Space Phase"   Mike Morasky 1:32
16. "Some Assembly Required"   Mike Morasky 1:50
17. "Robot Waiting Room #1"   Mike Morasky 2:14
18. "Robot Waiting Room #2"   Mike Morasky 2:14
19. "Robot Waiting Room #3"   Mike Morasky 2:14
20. "Robot Waiting Room #4"   Mike Morasky 2:14
21. "Robot Waiting Room #5"   Mike Morasky 2:14
22. "Robot Waiting Room #6"   Mike Morasky 2:06
23. "You Saved Science"   Mike Morasky 0:47
24. "Robots FTW"   Mike Morasky 3:38
Total length:
65:54

A retail four-disc collection, Portal 2: Songs To Test By (Collector's Edition), was released on October 30, 2012 through Ipecac Recordings. Three of the discs include the music already available (listed above), while the fourth disc includes songs from Portal. A mini-comic, "Turret Lullaby", is also included.[18]

Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By (Collector's Edition) – Bonus Disc
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Subject Name Here"   Kelly Bailey 1:45
2. "Taste of Blood"   Kelly Bailey 3:06
3. "Android Hell"   Kelly Bailey 3:46
4. "Self Esteem Fund"   Kelly Bailey 3:31
5. "Procedural Jiggle Bone"   Kelly Bailey 4:35
6. "No Cake for You"   Kelly Bailey 4:05
7. "4000 Degrees Kelvin"   Kelly Bailey 1:02
8. "Stop What You Are Doing"   Kelly Bailey 4:00
9. "Party Escort"   Kelly Bailey 4:22
10. "Your [sic] Not a Good Person"   Kelly Bailey 1:25
11. "You Can't Escape You Know"   Kelly Bailey 6:24
12. "Still Alive"   Jonathan Coulton 2:56
13. "Still Alive" (J.C. Mix) Jonathan Coulton  

Reception[edit]

Kym Dillon of IGN used the soundtrack of Portal 2, amongst a few other soundtracks, as an example how a game can use both source music (i.e. music that is part of the game environment) and underscoring (music that is only for the player) to create atmosphere in games; Dillon also mentions that he "especially" liked the game's soundtrack.[19] Alyssa Grimley of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer praised Morasky's composing of the soundtrack and called it an "understated genius".[20] She also praised Jonathan Coulton's song "Want You Gone" for the way in which it reflects the changed spirit of GLaDOS when compared to "Still Alive" from the first game.[20] Kirk Hamilton of Kotaku listed Portal 2 as possessing one of the best musical scores in video games for 2011, praising both the composed songs and the dynamically-generated elements.[21]

For the 2011 Spike Video Game Awards, both "Want You Gone" and "Exile Vilify" were nominated for "Best Song in a Game", while the soundtrack was nominated for "Best Original Score".[22] Portal 2's soundtrack was awarded for "Outstanding Achievement in Original Music Composition" at the 15th Annual Interactive Achievement Awards.[23] The game was awarded the "Best Audio" 2012 Game Developers Choice Awards.[24] The Game Audio Network Guild awarded Portal 2 with the "Best Interactive Score" (along with Kinect Disneyland Adventures, and "Best Original Vocal - Pop" for "Want You Gone".[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ VanBurkleo, Meagan (April 2010). "Portal 2". Game Informer. pp. 50–62. 
  2. ^ Vinson, Dana (2011-04-20). "Portal 2 Ending Song: Want You Gone by Jonathan Coulton Video and Lyrics". G4 TV. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d Keighley, Geoff (2011). The Final Hours of Portal 2. ASIN B004XMZZKQ.  Also available as iPad or Steam application.
  4. ^ Landau, Elizabeth (2011-11-29). "He's not a 'code monkey' anymore". CNN. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  5. ^ a b Portal 2: Collector's Edition Guide. Gardners Books. 2011. ISBN 978-3-86993-038-1. 
  6. ^ Walker, John (2011-03-11). "The National To Provide Song For Portal 2". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  7. ^ a b c Spicer, Nathan (2011-04-19). "The National Release "Exile Vilify" off Portal 2 Soundtrack". Paste Magazine. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  8. ^ Dutton, Fred (2011-03-11). "The National write song for Portal 2". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  9. ^ Koller, Phil (2011-06-15). "Valve Announces Portal 2 Music Video Contest". Game Informer. Retrieved 2011-06-17. 
  10. ^ "Portal 2 Music Video Contest". Valve Corporation. 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  11. ^ Benedetti, Winda (2011-08-09). "Sad sock puppet wins 'Portal 2' contest". MSNBC. Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  12. ^ Coulton, Jonathan (2011-04-29). "FAQs About the Portal 2 Song". jonathancoulton.net. Retrieved 2011-05-20. 
  13. ^ Viens, David (2012-04-19). "Mike Morasky interview at PLOGUE". Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Wilde, Tyler (2011-04-13). "Portal 2's dynamic music - an interview with composer Mike Morasky, and five tracks to listen to now!". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  15. ^ Saltzmann, Marc (2011-04-14). "Five things you didn't know about 'Portal 2'". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  16. ^ Dutton, Fred (2011-05-25). "Valve offers Portal 2 soundtrack for free". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  17. ^ Dutton, Fred (2011-09-30). "Portal 2 DLC release date". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  18. ^ Hinkle, David (2012-09-24). "Portal 2: Songs to Test By (Collectors Edition) out on Oct. 30". Joystiq. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  19. ^ Dillon, Kym (2011-09-18). "The Art of Scoring". IGN. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  20. ^ a b Grimley, Alyssa (2011-09-27). "Music Review: Various Artists - Portal 2 [Soundtrack]". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  21. ^ Hamilton, Kirk (2011-12-15). "The Best Game Music of 2011: Portal 2". Kotaku. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  22. ^ Orland, Kyle (2011-11-16). "Portal 2 Leads Spike TV VGA Nominees With 12 Nods". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 
  23. ^ Bertz, Matt (2012-02-09). "Skyrim Dominates The 15th Annual Interactive Achievement Awards". Game Informer. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  24. ^ "Skyrim wins Game of the Year at GDC Awards". Gamasutra. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-03-08. 
  25. ^ Curtis, Tom (2012-03-14). "Battlefield 3, Portal 2, more win big at 10th annual G.A.N.G. Awards". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 

External links[edit]