Music of The Hobbit film series

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"The Hobbit soundtrack" redirects here. For the soundtrack of the 2003 video game, see The Hobbit (2003 video game).

The music of The Hobbit film series is composed and produced by Howard Shore, who scored all three The Lord of the Rings films. The music for An Unexpected Journey was performed and recorded by the London Philharmonic Orchestra as it was for The Lord of the Rings. However, the music for The Desolation of Smaug and The Battle of the Five Armies was performed and recorded by the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra.

The soundtrack album for An Unexpected Journey received nominations for various awards and peaked in the top ten album charts in multiple countries.

Principal leitmotifs[edit]

First appearance in An Unexpected Journey[edit]

  • Bilbo's theme: A variation on the 'Shire theme'; a harmonious motif to represent Bilbo Baggins, the main protagonist. This theme is surprisingly absent from The Desolation of Smaug and The Battle of the Five Armies.
  • Erebor theme: A rising motif using three-horn calls that represents the homeland of the Dwarves.
  • Arkenstone theme: A choral motif that accompanies the Arkenstone, the most valuable jewel in the Dwarves' possession.
  • The Woodland Realm theme: a choral motif which accompanies Thranduil and the elves as they greet Thror during the prologue.
  • Thorin's theme: A hopeful motif representing Thorin Oakenshield, first appearing when Thorin tries to defend Erebor's gate from the dragon Smaug, during the prologue.
  • Smaug's theme: A menacing and discordant theme representing Smaug the Terrible.
  • Gandalf's theme: A five-note motif that represents Gandalf the Grey; this theme is different than that of Gandalf the White's theme, from The Lord of the Rings trilogy.
  • Bilbo's Antics: Appears as Bilbo struggles with the Dwarves' lifestyle and lives out of his comfort zone; represents his "Tookish" side.
  • Misty Mountains theme: Represents the Dwarven Company, their Quest to reclaim Erebor, and their crossing of the iconic Misty Mountains. It is also the basis for the "Song of the Lonely Mountain" by Neil Finn. However, it is curiously absent from The Desolation of Smaug and The Battle of the Five Armies.
  • Radagast theme: A quirky theme for Radagast the Brown, representing his perpetual motion.
  • Dol Guldur/The Necromancer: aggressive and sombre theme that represents the dark fortress of Dol Guldur and the Necromancer within.
  • Azog's theme: Variation on the 'Descending Third motif' of Mordor, here representing the film's main antagonist Azog the Defiler.
  • Moon theme: A motif that represents the Dwarves' moon runes, and their secret doors.
  • Goblin-town theme: A chaotic and brassy theme which appears when the Dwarves get captured by the Goblins.
  • Bilbo's Heroics: Appears at the end of the film when Bilbo saves Thorin's life.
  • Warg Scouts' Theme: A 13 note motif that appears in the songs "Warg Scouts" and "Out of the Frying Pan". In The Battle of the Five Armies soundtrack, it is played on the song "Ravenhill."

First appearance in The Desolation of Smaug[edit]

  • Beorn's theme: A deep and brassy theme played several times in the opening tracks.
  • Mirkwood theme: The theme is built around slow succession. Different variations are played when the Company wanders in the forest.
  • Thranduil's : Wholly majestic theme orchestrated with beautiful strings and ethereal voices, often representing Thranduil.
  • Legolas's theme: A fast paced, dance-like theme based on the first line of The Woodland Realm theme but differentiating in tempo.
  • Tauriel's theme: A powerful and melodic string rhythm appears as a theme several times. Later on, the theme is varied based on the scenario.
  • Bard's theme: The theme reflects his ambiguity as a character.
  • The Heirs of Durin: A theme that represents Thorin, Kili, and Fili. The theme starts similarly to Thorin's Theme, but plays out differently. It is featured in the tracks "Durin's Folk" and "My Armor is Iron". In The Battle of the Five Armies soundtrack, it is played in "Beyond Sorrow and Grief" and "Mithril" and is featured prominently at the beginning of "Sons of Durin."
  • Kili's Theme: A short theme that is played on a trumpet. It appears at the beginning of "Feast of Starlight." In The Battle of the Five Armies soundtrack, it is played at the beginning of "Shores of the Long Lake" and is played near the end of "Ravenhill."
  • Tauriel and Kili: A love theme that represents the relationship between the two characters. It appears in "Feast of Starlight", "Kingsfoil", and "Beyond the Forest".
  • Bolg's Theme: A loud and ominous theme that appears at the end of the extended version of "The Forest River" and appears in "The Hunters." It is very similar to Azog's Theme.
  • Smaug's Cunning: A motif that appears throughout almost the entire soundtrack. It is loudly heard in "A Liar and a Thief" and "Smaug". In the films its played almost every time a reference to Smaug is mentioned. On The Battle of the Five Armies soundtrack, it is used as a motif to represent Thorin's Dragon Sickness.
  • Esgaroth Theme: A 10-note theme that represents Lake-Town. It appears prominently in the tracks "Protector of the Common Folk" and "Thrice Welcome".
  • The Master of Lake-Town's Theme: The theme, played by woodwinds, strings and a clavichord, reflects his high position and his greedy nature.
  • Alfrid's Theme: A short motif that represents The Master of Lake-Town's slimy assistant, Alfrid. It appears briefly in "Protector of the Common Folk" and it appears in the film version of "The Battle of the Five Armies."
  • Girion's Theme: A motif to represent the Last Lord of Dale who injured Smaug, who is also Bard's ancestor
  • Bilbo's Schemes: A short motif to represent Bilbo's role as a burglar. It is played during "Barrels Out of Bond". In The Battle of the Five Armies soundtrack, is played during "A Thief in the Night" and "There And Back Again".

First appearance in The Battle of the Five Armies[edit]

  • Dain II "Ironfoot"'s theme: A heroic theme played by woodwinds, trumpets, and bagpipes. It appears in "Ironfoot" and "Battle for the Mountain", and it is played in the movie during Dain's arrival to the Lonely Mountain and the beginning of the battle.
  • Bard's family's theme: A gently rising a falling theme which, after being hinted at in the second movie, is first played in full during "Fire and Water". A heroic rendition of the theme appears during the end of "Battle for the Mountain". It also appears in the extended version of "Ironfoot".
  • Gundabad theme: A driving, offbeat theme for Mount Gundabad and its forces. It is first played out in "Bred for War", and features prominently at times in "Ravenhill".
  • The Army of Thorin: A harsh motif that is played with drums and horns in the tracks "The Ruins of Dale" and "Mithril", representing the militarization of Thorin's company.
  • Bard's Leadership Theme: A short motif that appears in "Shores of the Long Lakes", "Ironfoot", and "Dragon-Sickness". In the film, it is played when Bard is searching for the Master of Laketown and Alfrid exclaims "All Hail King Bard!"
  • Mithril Theme: A short motif that appears in the first 13 seconds of the song "Mithril."

Soloists[edit]

As with Lord of the Rings, Many soloists performed music for the three films. These include Neil Finn who performed the "Song of the Lonely Mountain" in An Unexpected Journey[1][2] and Richard Armitage as a cast performer. James Nesbitt also performs in the extended edition of An Unexpected Journey.

An Unexpected Journey[edit]

The Hobbit:
An Unexpected Journey
Soundtrack album by Howard Shore
Released 11 December 2012
Recorded 2012
Length 1:48:49 (Standard Edition)
2:07:03 (Special Edition)
Label WaterTower Music, Decca Records
Producer Howard Shore, Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens
Alternative cover
Special Edition cover

The soundtrack album for An Unexpected Journey was released on 11 December 2012.[3] It has been released in both Standard Edition and Special Edition, with both coming in a 2-disc format.[4] The Geeks of Doom commented that Shore, who recorded the soundtrack at Abbey Road Studios in London,[5] re-used some of the "magisterial musical motifs" from his music for The Lord of the Rings soundtrack, but that he "uses his established themes to launch into a completely original sonic adventure with turns both optimistic and dark, true to the mutual visions of Jackson and Tolkien".[6]

Track listing[edit]

All music composed by Howard Shore except where noted.

Standard edition
Disc 1
No. Title Length
1. "My Dear Frodo"   8:04
2. "Old Friends"   4:29
3. "An Unexpected Party"   3:57
4. "Axe or Sword?"   5:59
5. "Misty Mountains" (Music by David Donaldson, David Long, Steve Roche and Janet Roddick;[7] performed by Richard Armitage and The Dwarf Cast) 1:42
6. "The Adventure Begins"   2:06
7. "The World is Ahead"   2:18
8. "An Ancient Enemy"   4:58
9. "Radagast the Brown"   4:54
10. "Roast Mutton" (Contains excerpts of "Misty Mountains" by Donaldson, Long, Roche and Roddick[7]) 4:03
11. "A Troll-Hoard"   2:39
12. "The Hill of Sorcery"   3:51
13. "Warg-Scouts"   3:05
Disc 2
No. Title Length
1. "The Hidden Valley"   3:50
2. "Moon Runes"   3:20
3. "The Defiler"   1:15
4. "The White Council"   7:20
5. "Over Hill" (Contains excerpts of "Misty Mountains" by Donaldson, Long, Roche and Roddick[7]) 3:43
6. "A Thunder Battle"   3:55
7. "Under Hill"   1:54
8. "Riddles in the Dark"   5:22
9. "Brass Buttons"   7:38
10. "Out of the Frying-Pan"   5:54
11. "A Good Omen"   5:46
12. "Song of the Lonely Mountain" (Lyrics and performance by Neil Finn,[8] music by Finn, Donaldson, Long, Roche and Roddick[7]) 4:10
13. "Dreaming of Bag End"   1:49
Special edition

The two-disc special edition contains six bonus tracks and six extended tracks.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3.5/5 stars[9]
Examiner.com A+[10]
Filmtracks.com 5/5 stars[11]
Movie Music UK 4/5 stars[12]
Music Muse 5/5 stars[13]
MovieCues 5/5 stars[14]
Tracksounds 10/10 stars[15]
Movie Wave 2/5 stars[16]

The full score was nominated at the 11th Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards,[17] and the "Song of the Lonely Mountain" received a nomination for the Houston Film Critics Society Awards.[18] Allmusic's reviewer wrote favourably about the album, but noted that the soundtrack was not as "sweeping and epic as that for [Jackson's] The Lord of the Rings", attributing this to the smaller scale of Bilbo's adventure as compared to the events of The Lord of the Rings.[9] Examiner.com, however, was very positive and observed that The Hobbit soundtrack fitted the style and tone of The Lord of the Rings, writing that the opening for An Unexpected Journey was much better than that of The Fellowship of the Ring.[10] In 2013, the score for The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey ranked ninth out of one hundred by Classic FM'S top film scores.

The album charted in several countries, reaching the top ten album charts in Korea and the United States. It was also awarded a golden record certification in Canada.

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (2012–13) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[19] 45
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[20] 16
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[21] 25
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[22] 54
French Albums (SNEP)[23] 70
German Albums (Official Top 100)[24] 14
Irish Albums (IRMA)[25] 79
Korean International Albums (Gaon)[26] 8
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[27] 40
New Zealand Albums (Recorded Music NZ)[28] 32
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[29] 28
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[30] 28
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[31] 52
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[32] 40
UK Albums (OCC)[33] 61
US Billboard 200[34] 30
US Soundtrack Albums (Billboard)[35] 3
US Top Independent Albums (Billboard)[36] 3

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Canada (Music Canada)[37] Gold 40,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

The Desolation of Smaug[edit]

The Hobbit:
The Desolation of Smaug
Soundtrack album by Howard Shore
Released 10 December 2013
Recorded 2013
Length 1:56:27 (Standard Edition)
2:09:17 (Special Edition)
Label WaterTower Music, Decca Records
Producer Howard Shore, Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens
Alternative cover
Special Edition cover

The soundtrack album for The Desolation of Smaug was released on 10 December 2013 in both Standard Edition and Special Edition. The cover of the Special Edition features the design used for the special edition of the soundtrack for An Unexpected Journey on a purple background.

Track listing[edit]

All music composed by Howard Shore except where noted.

Standard edition
Disc 1
No. Title Length
1. "The Quest for Erebor"   3:23
2. "Wilderland"   4:56
3. "The House of Beorn"   3:42
4. "Mirkwood"   4:27
5. "Flies and Spiders"   7:51
6. "The Woodland Realm"   4:26
7. "Feast of Starlight"   2:49
8. "Barrels Out of Bond"   1:50
9. "The Forest River"   4:54
10. "Bard, a Man of Lake-Town"   2:30
11. "The High Fells"   2:37
12. "The Nature of Evil"   3:20
13. "Protector of the Common Folk"   3:36
Disc 2
No. Title Length
1. "Thrice Welcome"   3:33
2. "Girion, Lord of Dale"   3:33
3. "Durin's Folk"   2:28
4. "In the Shadow of the Mountain"   2:15
5. "A Spell of Concealment"   2:51
6. "On the Doorstep"   7:46
7. "The Courage of Hobbits"   3:00
8. "Inside Information"   3:48
9. "Kingsfoil"   2:25
10. "A Liar and a Thief"   3:40
11. "The Hunters"   9:04
12. "Smaug"   5:24
13. "My Armor Is Iron"   5:16
14. "I See Fire" (Written and performed by Ed Sheeran) 5:00
15. "Beyond the Forest"   5:25
Special edition

The special edition contains one bonus track and twelve extended tracks.

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (2013–14) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[38] 60
Australian Classical/Crossover Albums (ARIA)[38] 2
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[20] 29
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[21] 44
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[22] 97
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[27] 51
French Albums (SNEP)[23] 103
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[39] 25
Irish Classical Albums (IRMA)[40] 7
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[41] 40
South Korean Albums (Gaon)[42] 84
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[30] 39
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[32] 51
UK Albums (OCC)[43] 69
US Billboard 200[44] 39
US Independent Albums (Billboard)[44] 4
US Top Current Albums (Billboard)[45] 34
US Top Soundtracks (Billboard)[44] 6

The Battle of the Five Armies[edit]

The Hobbit:
The Battle of the Five Armies
Soundtrack album by Howard Shore
Released 08 December 2014
Recorded 2014
Length 1:34:01 (Standard Edition)
1:48:12 (Special Edition)
Label WaterTower Music, Decca Records
Producer Howard Shore, Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens
Alternative cover
Special Edition cover

The soundtrack album for The Battle of the Five Armies was released on December 8, 2014.[46] Both a Standard Edition and a Special Edition were released. The score was performed by the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra as it was for The Desolation of Smaug. For the soundtrack, Billy Boyd, who played Peregrin Took in The Lord of the Rings, wrote and recorded the song "The Last Goodbye".[47]

Track listing[edit]

Standard edition
Disc 1
No. Title Length
1. "Fire and Water"   5:57
2. "Shores of the Long Lake"   4:01
3. "Beyond Sorrow and Grief"   2:50
4. "Guardians of the Three"   5:14
5. "The Ruins of Dale"   3:39
6. "The Gathering of the Clouds"   4:07
7. "Mithril"   3:08
8. "Bred for War"   3:19
9. "A Thief in the Night"   4:14
10. "The Clouds Burst"   4:12
11. "Battle for the Mountain"   4:38
Disc 2
No. Title Length
1. "The Darkest Hour"   5:31
2. "Sons of Durin"   4:23
3. "The Fallen"   4:56
4. "Ravenhill"   5:47
5. "To the Death"   5:13
6. "Courage and Wisdom"   5:09
7. "The Return Journey"   4:16
8. "There and Back Again"   4:19
9. "The Last Goodbye" (written and performed by Billy Boyd) 4:05
10. "Ironfoot"   5:03
Special edition

The two-disc special edition contains two bonus tracks and five extended tracks.

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (2014–15) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[48] 74
Australian Classical/Crossover Albums (ARIA)[49] 1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[20] 35
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[21] 38
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[22] 83
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[27] 43
German Albums (Official Top 100)[24] 25
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[30] 45
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[32] 37

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Neil Finn Reaches Epic Heights on 'Song of the Lonely Mountain' – Song Premiere". Rolling Stone. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Neil Finn's song for The Hobbit". Stuff.co.nz. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Vlassoff, Nadya (2012). "The Hobbit Soundtrack Cover Art and Track Details Revealed". Deadbolt. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Burger, David (1 November 2012). ""The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey" soundtrack will be released at all retailers on December 11". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Watercutter, Angela (26 November 2012). "Peter Jackson Races to Complete The Hobbit in Time for Premiere". Wired. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Howard Shore's 'The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey' Score Streaming For Free". Geeks of Doom. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey – Original Motion Picture Soundtrack – Special Edition (Media notes). WaterTower Music, Decca Records. 2012. p. 6. 
  8. ^ a b Holslin, Peter (30 November 2012). "'The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey' Soundtrack Honors the Dwarves". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Morita, Patsy. "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack]". Allmusic. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Gonzalez, Danny (20 December 2012). "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Music By Howard Shore". Examiner.com. 
  11. ^ Clemmensen, Christian. "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey review". Filmtracks.com. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  12. ^ Broxton, Jonathan (17 December 2012). "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey – Howard Shore". Movie Music UK. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (Howard Shore)". Music Muse. 28 December 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  14. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (Howard Shore)". MusicCues. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  15. ^ Meinerts, Edmund. "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey by Howard Shore". Tracksounds. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". Movie Wave. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "The 2012 WAFCA Awards". Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  18. ^ "Lincoln leads Houston Film Critic Society Awards with eight nominations". awardsdaily.com. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Australiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  20. ^ a b c "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey" (in German). Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  21. ^ a b c "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey" (in Dutch). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  22. ^ a b c "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey" (in French). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  23. ^ a b "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Lescharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  25. ^ "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 50, 2012". Chart-Track.co.uk. IRMA. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  26. ^ "South Korea Gaon International Album Chart". On the page, select "2012.12.09~2012.12.15", then "국외", to obtain the corresponding chart. Gaon Chart Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  27. ^ a b c "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey" (in Dutch). Dutchcharts.nl. Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  28. ^ "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  29. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  30. ^ a b c "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Spanishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  31. ^ "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  32. ^ a b c "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey". Swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  33. ^ "Howard Shore | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  34. ^ "US Billboard 200 – Week of December 29, 2012". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 12 January 2013. [dead link]
  35. ^ "US Soundtrack Albums – Week of December 29, 2012". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  36. ^ "US Independent Albums – Week of December 29, 2012". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  37. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Original Motion Picture Soundtrack – The Hobbit An Unexpected Journey". Music Canada. 
  38. ^ a b ARIA Report. ARIA Charts. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  39. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  40. ^ TOP 10 CLASSICAL ALBUMS, WEEK ENDING 9 January 2014. chart-track.co.uk. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  41. ^ "Soundtrack / Howard Shore – The Hobbit - The Desolation of Smaug". Norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  42. ^ GAON ALBUM CHART (in Korean). gaonchart.co.kr. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  43. ^ CHART: CLUK Update 21.12.2013 (wk50) (in German). zobbel.de Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  44. ^ a b c "The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) Awards". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  45. ^ Top Current Albums : Dec 28, 2013. Billboard biz. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  46. ^ http://www.theonering.net/torwp/2014/09/16/92720-exclusive-recording-has-begun-on-the-score-of-the-hobbit-the-battle-of-the-five-armies/
  47. ^ "Our final trip to Middle-earth to finish with "The Last Goodbye" sung by Billy Boyd". TheOneRing.net. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  48. ^ Ryan, Gavin (24 January 2015). "ARIA Albums: Taylor Swift 1989 Is Back At No 1". Noise11. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  49. ^ "The ARIA Report: Week Commencing 5 January 2015" (PDF) (1297). Pandora Archive. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 

External links[edit]