Musket Model 1777

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Musket Modèle 1777
Corrige an ix.jpg
Musket Modèle 1777 corrigé an IX (1800)
Type Musket
Place of origin  France (M/77), France French Republic (M/77 corrigé)
Service history
In service French Army 1777–1826
Used by France, Confederation of the Rhine, other client states of the French Empire
Wars French Revolutionary Wars, Napoleonic Wars and others in the european Theatre
Production history
Designed 1777
Manufacturer Charleville armoury and others
Produced 1777–1839 (all variants)
Number built 7 million
Variants Modèle 1777 corrigé en l'an IX
Specifications
Weight 4.5 kilograms (9.9 lb)
Length 1.51 metres (59 in)
Barrel length 113 centimetres (44 in)

Caliber 17.5mm (.69 inch) musket ball
Action Flintlock
Rate of fire User dependent; usually 3 rounds a minute
Muzzle velocity Variable
Effective firing range Variable (50–100 yards)
Feed system Muzzle-loaded

The musket Modèle 1777, and later Modèle 1777 corrigé en l'an IX (Model 1777 corrected in the year 1800, or IX in the French Revolutionary Calendar) was one of the most widespread weapons on the European continent.

It was part of a weapon family with numerous variants, e.g. for the light infantry, artillery and a musketoon for the cavalry.

Modèle 1777 corrigé en l' an IX[edit]

After the French Revolutionary Wars, first consul Napoleon Bonaparte commissioned a rework; some minor modifications on the lock, bayonet and stock resulted in 1800 in the "corrected" model, also called "Modèle 1777 corrigé".

Other improvements[edit]

The Musket was further improved in 1816 and 1822.

Impact[edit]

7 million muskets were produced, including variants 1800 (an IX), 1816 and 1822, but not including muskets like the Austrian 1798 or the Prussian 1809, which were mere clones of the French 1777. Until World War I, no other firearm was produced in such large numbers.

Properly trained French infantry were expected to be able to fire three volleys a minute with the 1777. A trained infantryman could hit a man sized target at 80 yards but anything further required an increasing amount of luck[1] and the musket became wildly inaccurate at long range.

The Grande Armée marched into the German countries and left approx. 750,000 muskets retreating in 1815; until about 1840, French weapons were used in Germany.

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Hans-Dieter Götz: Militärgewehre und Pistolen der deutschen Staaten 1800–1870, 2nd edition, Stuttgart, 1996, ISBN 3-87943-533-2 (German)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Charleville musket
French Army rifle
1777–1826
Succeeded by
Delvigne rifle 1826