Muskogee County, Oklahoma
|Muskogee County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|• Total||839 sq mi (2,173 km2)|
|• Land||814 sq mi (2,108 km2)|
|• Water||25 sq mi (65 km2), 3%|
|• Density||85/sq mi (33/km²)|
Muskogee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 70,990. Its county seat is the city of Muskogee. Muskogee County is part of the Muskogee, Oklahoma Micropolitan Statistical Area and the Tulsa-Muskogee-Bartlesville Combined Statistical Area. The county and city were named for the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. The official spelling of the name was changed to Muskogee by the post office in 1900.
According to archaeological studies, prehistoric people lived in this area as long ago as the Paleo-Indian period (before 6,000 B. C.). However, archaeologists have made more extensive studies of those people known as the Mound Builders who lived here during the Caddoan Stage (A.D. 300 – 1200).
One of the first Europeans to come to this area was Jean Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe. He was a French explorer and trader who discovered a Wichita village in 1719. By the end of the 18th century the Wichita had been driven away by the more warlike Osage, who used this as their hunting ground. Auguste Pierre Chouteau and other fur traders had established a settlement at the Three Forks. Early in the 19th Century, Cherokee and Choctaw hunting parties made incursions that caused frequent conflict with the Osage. In 1824, thee U,S. Army established Fort Gibson on the Grand River to dampen the conflict.
The county was formed at statehood with land from the Muskogee District of the Creek Nation and the Canadian and Illinois Districts of the Cherokee Nation. A post office named Muscogee had been established January 17, 1872. The official spelling of the name was changed to Muskogee on July 19, 1900.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,173 km² (839 mi²), of which 2,108 km² (814 mi²) is land and 65 km² (25 mi²) (3%) is water.
The western part of the county is prairie grassland, while the eastern part rises into the Cookson Hills, on the western edge of the Ozark Mountains. The Arkansas, Verdigris and Grand rivers all converge in the county, causing that area to be called "Three Forks." Webbers Falls Lake covers part of the county.
- Wagoner County (north)
- Cherokee County (northeast)
- Sequoyah County (east)
- Haskell County (southeast)
- McIntosh County (southwest)
- Okmulgee County (west)
- Tulsa County (northwest)
National protected area
|County Commissioner - District 1||Gene Wallace||2003||Democratic|
|County Commissioner - District 2||Stephen Wright||2009||Democratic|
|County Commissioner - District 3||Dexter Payne||1999||Democratic|
|County Sheriff||Charles Pearson||2001||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Dianna Cope||2012||Democratic|
|County Treasurer||Kelly Garret||2011||Democratic|
|County Assessor||Dan Ashwood||Democratic|
|District Attorney||Larry Moore||2007||Democratic|
|District Court Clerk||Paula Sexton||2002||Democratic|
As of the census of 2000, there were 69,451 people, 26,458 households, and 18,467 families residing in the county. The population density was 33/km² (85/mi²). There were 29,575 housing units at an average density of 14/km² (36/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.73% White, 13.16% Black or African American, 14.88% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.19% other races, and 6.43% from two or more races. 2.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 26,458 households, of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals; 12.30% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.03.
The age distribution of the population was 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.
The median income of households in the county was $28,438, and the median income per family was $34,793. Males had a median income of $28,670 versus $20,457 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,828. About 14.10% of families and 17.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.00% of those under age 18 and 14.70% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
The following sites in Muskogee County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Mullins, Jonita. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Muskogee County." Retrieved April 22, 2013.
- Muskogee Phoenix. "How places got their names." June 5, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- "Oklahoma State Election Board Election Result Archives". Retrieved 2012-07-27.