MCB Bank Limited
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|Traded as||KSE: MCB, LSE:, ISE: |
|Headquarters||Registered Office: Islamabad, Principal Office: Karachi Pakistan|
|Key people||Mian Mohammad Mansha (Chairman)|
|Products||Loans, credit cards, savings, consumer banking etc.|
|Revenue||PKR 35.782 Billion (2009)|
|Net income||PKR 26.753 Billion (2009)|
|Total assets||USD 6.02 Billion|
MCB Bank Limited (formerly Muslim Commercial Bank) previously named as a (Mansoor Co-operative Bank) was incorporated by the Adamjee Group on July 9, 1947, under the Indian Companies Act, VII of 1913 as a limited company. The bank was established to provide banking facilities to the business community of South Asia. The bank was nationalized in 1974 during the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. This was the first bank to be privatized in 1991 and the bank was purchased by a consortium of Pakistani corporate groups led by Nishat Group. As of June 2008, the Nishat Group owns a majority stake in the bank. The president of the bank is Imran Maqbool.
The group has a presence in business sectors of the country such as banking, textile, cement and insurance.
Mian Mohammad Mansha is the Chairman of the group (and also MCB).
MCB is Pakistan’s fourth largest bank by assets having an asset base of USD 7 billion as at quarter 1, 2012, and the largest by market capitalization having a market capitalization recorded at USD 1.2 billion at year end 2011 which was comparatively lower than USD 1.8 billion the year before, mainly on account of lower market value.
The bank has a customer base of approximately 4 million and a nationwide distribution network of 1,190 branches including 22 Islamic banking branches (December 31, 2011) within Pakistan and eight branches outside the country (December 31, 2011 including the Karachi Export Processing Zone Branch), and over 650 ATMs in 110 cities, in a market with a population of over 190 million.
In 2011, MCB reported a profit after tax of PKR 19.4 billion (appx.USD 205 million) and generated a return on average equity of 26.23% and a return on assets of 3.18% (2010: 3.13%) The bank’s asset quality is strong with a gross NPL ratio of 8.64%.
MCB has 1165 branches (December 31, 2011) including local branches, and business establishments in SriLanka and Bahrain including newly established Rep. Office in Dubai, UAE. The bank has also formed a private company in Hong Kong (fully owned subsidiary of MCB) in partnership with Standard Chartered Bank, handling trade transactions of select countries in the Asia-Pacific region. To further strengthen its financial services base, MCB incorporated an asset management company in year 2005 known as MCB Asset Management Company. MCB has also incorporated a leasing company in Azerbaijan in 2009.
Fully owned subsidiaries of MCB are:
- Muslim Commercial Financial Services (Private) Limited,
- MNET Services (Private) Limited,
- MCB Trade Services Limited,
- MCB Asset Management Company Limited,
- MCB leasing (Closed Joint Stock Company).
The bank has also established an Islamic Banking unit to offer Shariah compliant products and services, with dedicated Islamic banking branches in six cities.
The Wholesale Banking Group caters to the top tier of local and multinational companies.
The Retail Banking Group focuses on trading and middle market segment primarily for building risk assets and trade related business. MCB caters to the financing of foreign and local trade, funds transfer and other seasonal requirements. The Bank has renovated a large number of branches and staff has been trained for meeting the requirements of SMEs and other retail customers.
An SME Financing Division has been set up to provide customized financing solutions. The group also focuses on the development of consumer asset products for satisfying the needs of the customers. MCB has a significant share of consumer financing business with its House and Car Financing schemes. The running financing facility against the mortgage of property is also expected to go a long way in increasing the quality consumer credit portfolio of the bank.
Other areas such as Bancassurance set newer records as well by crossing the Rupees 1 billion benchmark in 2011. Islamic Banking outperformed in terms of improved profitability and volumes with introduction of additional 11 products and expansion with 8 new branches in 2011 and Privilege Banking, an elite setup, is a benchmark in the industry. They have nine branches across major cities.
MCB’s name is synonymous with ATM facility in the country as the bank has been a pioneer in introducing 24-hour cash withdrawal facility and on-screen transactions. MCB ATM/Debit Card, with its collaboration with VISA, can be used globally. The bank also pioneered the idea of sharing its ATM network with other banks by establishing an electronic platform for enhanced network accessibility and secured online transactions. This step has also played an important role in interconnecting all ATMs of the country.
MCB mobile banking was launched in mid-2009, and volumes on the platform have already crossed the PKR 1 billion mark in 2011. These services entail a fee income as well as generation of sticky zero-cost deposits.
Recognition at home and abroad
MCB Bank Limited received Euromoney Award for Excellence nine times, which include “Best Bank in Asia” in 2008; five times “The Best Bank in Pakistan” award and one time “The Best Domestic Bank” award besides being declared the “The Best Domestic Bank in Pakistan” by Asia Money for the last two years. MCB Bank also received the “The Strongest Bank 2010” award by The Asian Banker for being Pakistan’s best-performing financial institution in 2010.
MCB and Maybank
In 2005, the management of the bank abbreviated its name from Muslim Commercial Bank Limited to MCB Bank Limited to explore international markets; they were facing resistance due to the word Muslim especially from Western Countries to avail license. In 2008 the head office of MCB was shifted from Karachi to Lahore in a newly constructed building, namely MCB House located at Sharea Ghous-ul-Azam, commonly known as Jail Road.
The MCB Tower in Karachi serves as the MCB's headquarters, and is also the tallest building in Pakistan. MCB, advised by Merrill Lynch, became the fourth Pakistani Company (the other three being Hubco, PTCL and Chakwal cement - they all have been delisted) to list on the London Stock Exchange when it raised US$150 million global depositary receipts.
In May 2008, Malaysian bank, Maybank and MCB signed an agreement, whereby Maybank acquired 20% of the ordinary shares in MCB from Nishat Group. The acquisition is in-line with Maybank’s strategy, as Malaysia’s financial services leader in the region, to build its presence in key growth markets across the region. It also paves the way for MCB, one of Pakistan’s premier financial services groups, to engage Maybank as its exclusive foreign commercial bank strategic partner.
Maybank initially acquired from Nishat Group 94,241,527 ordinary shares in MCB, representing a 15% stake in the Bank, for a cash price of PKR470 per share. The total consideration paid was approximately US$686 million. The purchase price represented an 11.4% premium to MCB’s closing share price of PKR 422 on May 2, 2008, and a premium of 12.9% to the average closing share price for MCB over the 30 trading days immediately preceding the date of this announcement.
Based on MCB’s December 31, 2007 audited book value, the purchase price represents an implied price to book value multiple of 5.13x, a price to 2007 earnings multiple of 18.0x and a price to 2008 earnings multiple of 15.2x. In July 2008 Maybank exercised its right to increase its stake to 20%.
The stake in MCB allows Maybank the right to appoint two Directors to represent its interest on the Board of MCB. One of these Directors was to be appointed immediately and the second Director will be appointed upon completion of the term of the existing Board, scheduled to be on March 27, 2009.
As part of the transaction, Maybank and MCB are also expected to enter into a business cooperation arrangement which will include, among others, Islamic banking, retail banking, credit cards, asset management and SME banking. Maybank and MCB are also expected to benefit from increased business ties and trade flows between Pakistan and Malaysia
MCB and RBS Pakistan
MCB Bank Ltd agreement to buy Royal Bank of Scotland's Pakistan ops lapsed.
Unethical recovery practice by MCB management
Due to the alleged immense pressure and threats from the loan recovery staff of a bank, a man committed suicide inside his house within the jurisdiction of the New Karachi police station.
Station House Officer, New Karachi, Pervez Gujjar, said that they were waiting for the statement of the family and, as soon as they approached the police for the registration of an FIR against the recovery staff of the MCB, they would oblige.