Muslim Kamboh (Uttar Pradesh)
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The Muslim Kamboh of Uttar Pradesh are a Muslim community that is part of the wider Kamboh ethnic group of South Asia. They are also known as Zubairi. The Muslim Kamboh are found mainly in the Rohilkhand and Doab region. They are entirely Sunni and speak Urdu. As much as half the community has emigrated to Pakistan, and are now found mainly in Karachi.
There are a number of different traditions as to the origin of the Kamboh.
The tradition of an Hindu origin seems more prevalent among the Kamboh of Saharanpur District. According to their traditions, during the early years of Islam in India, one of the groups of this clan embraced Islam at the instance of Shaikh Bahauddin Zakariya Suhrawardi (of Multan) and his son Shaikh Sadruddin. Their tradition refers to their migration from Multan to Saharanpur under the Lodhi dynasty. It is interesting that Saharanpur District is also home to a large community of Hindu.Kamboh's are believed to be one of sub caste of Jatts when they migrated to Saharanpur District from Multan, few of them remained in several districts of Punjab and remained affiliated with agriculture. Kambohs, and may be the site of their earliest settlement in Uttar Pradesh.
The tradition of an Arab origin is more common among the Kamboh of Etah and Bareilly districts. They generally now prefer to be known as Zubairi. Zubairi literally means in Arabic a descendent of Zubair, and the Zubairi Kamboh claim descent Zubair ibn al-Awam. Zubair ibn al-Awam was the first cousin of the Prophet[who?] but was also one of his closest companions. He was known for his valor and bravery and is remembered as the conqueror of Egypt in 19 AH. He embraced martyrdom in 36 AH. Zubair was laid to rest in Basra, near the borders of Kuwait and Iraq. This town was named as Al-Zubair. Zubair had twelve sons and nine daughters. Three of his famous sons were Abdullah, Musab and Urwah. Abdullah was a Muslim caliph at Makkah, Musab was the governor of Kufa in 73 AH and Urwa was the first Muslim historian.
After almost fifty years of the conquest of Sindh by Muhammad Bin Qasim, Zuberis started migrating from Makkah and Medina towards Sindh. Most of them settled at place near modern Dadu. By the end of 4th century AH, Zuberis started migrating from Sindh to Multan. During 14th century AD, portion of Zuberi clan migrated to Delhi. Sheikh Samauddin Zuberi was a famous Sufi who led this migration.
Afterwards Zuberi family flourished in Lahore, Panipat, Delhi and Sambhal. During the regime of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Zuberis also got settled in Meerut. Marehra also became a centre of the family activities in the 15th century AD. In Marehra "Kanboh Mohallah" was having largest concentration of Zuberis. Around a hundred of the houses at Marehra were then owned by Zuberis.
The Muslim Kambohs of Meerut, in Uttar Pradesh had a tradition that they belonged to a distinguished Kamboh (Sanskrit Kamboj) family of Ghazni which had come to India in early eleventh century in the invading army of Sulatn Mahmud of Ghazni (rule: 997 AD – 1030 AD). According to their own accounts the name "Kamboh" of the family is derived from that of their original home (i.e. Kamboh in Afghanistan--Ancient Kamboja). The Muslaman Kambohs of Meerut stated that that one of their ancestors, Hasan Mahmudi Kamboh was the Wazir (minister) of Sultan Mahmud Ghazni and came to India in first decade of eleventh century AD in the army of the Sultan. Their ancestors succeeded in capturing the city of Meerut from Raja Mai of[Meerut. Hassan Mahmudi Kamboh built the Jama Masjid in the city and around it stand buried the Kamboh heroes from Ghazni who fell in the attack on Meerut. The Masjid was later repaired in 16th century during the rule of Mughal emperor Humayun. The early members of the Kamboh family built the Sangi Mahal which was later known as Permit House and another elegant palace known as Rangi Mahal-- the remains of both these once-elegant palaces are still in existence.
Prominent Kamboh personages of Meerut
||It has been suggested that this article be merged with List of Kambojs. (Discuss) Proposed since May 2011.|
Soon afterward, all the Kambohs except Khawaja-ud-din and Khawaja Meta left Meerut and from these two, the Kambohs of the later-day Meerut derived their origin.
This Meerut Kamboh family had produced many distinguished nobles during Mughal rule in India.
- Hasan Mahmudi Kamboh
- Nawab Khair Andesh Khan Sani
- Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk Kamboh
- Nawab Sir Muhammad Yamin Khan
- People of India: Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two editors Amir Hasan, B R Rizvi and J C Das Anthropological Survey of India
- Muslim Society in Northern India During the Eighteenth Century, 1998, pp 24, 25 Muhammad Umar.