Indian Union Muslim League
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (May 2013)|
|Indian Union Muslim League|
|Preceded by||All India Muslim League|
|Headquarters||Chennai, Tamil Nadu|
|ECI Status||State party|
|Alliance||United Democratic Front|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||2|
|Politics of India
Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) (Malayalam: ഇന്ത്യൻ യൂണിയൻ മുസ്ലിം ലീഗ്; Urdu: انڈین یونین مسلم لیگ) (commonly referred as the League) is a political party in India. It is recognised by the Election Commission of India as a State Party in Kerala.
Though League is a powerful pro-Muslim community oriented party, it has decided to remain their allegiance to India after independence, when the original Muslim League went to Pakistan. The party has strongholds mostly in northern Kerala. They form the second largest party within present ruling coalition UDF.
The Indian Union Muslim League was formed in Chennai on 10 March 1948.
The IUML has been represented in Parliament right from 1952 to present day. In Kerala it has the led the cabinet once under the late C.H. Mohammed who became the Chief Minister of Kerala in 1979. In alliance with Indian National Congress and other secular parties Muslim League has been doing its best under the banner of United Democratic Front. In Kerala under the leadership of Syed Abdurahiman Bafakhy Thangal, K.M. Seethi Sahib; Panakkad P.M.S.A Pookoya Thangal and Syed Mohammed Ali Shihab Thangal it has become a main political player. The party in Kerala has had cabinet positions at various times in coalition Governments, holding portfolios like Education, Home, Industries, Public works, Local administration, Social welfare, Fisheries etc.
During the beginning of seventies IUML had ministers in West Bengal also. Leading a contingent of seven MLAs in state assembly late A.K.A. Hassanussaman was the league representative in Ajoy Mukherjee ministry. The party had representation in various legislative assemblies at various times. Apart from Kerala and West Bengal, IUML had MLAs in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Maharastra, Karanataka, UP, and Assam and there were members in Delhi Metropolitan Council and Mayors in various Municipal Corporations.
The dawn of the new century has witnessed the ascendance of the IUML in national political scenario. As a constituent of United Progressive Alliance, IUML could muster the support of the minorities and other backward communities for UPA. IUML has representation in UPA Government since 2004. Mr. E. Ahamed who became the president of IUML following the demise of G. M. Banatwala, is the Minister of State for Railways since 2009. He was the Minister of State for External Affairs in the first UPA government (2004–2009).
The party participated in the ouster of the first Communist Party of India (CPI) government in Kerala in 1959. In 1960 the party took part in the formation of a coalition government in the state, consisting of the Indian National Congress, Praja Socialist Party and IUML. The government proved short lived. In the elections in Kerala in 1967 the party had entered a united front led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). The other members of the front were Communist Party of India, Revolutionary Socialist Party, Karshaka Thozhilali Party (Peasants and Workers Party), Kerala Socialist Party and Samyukta Socialist Party. Muslim League had two ministers in the state government of that front. In 1969 the party left the CPI(M)-led government and participated in the formation of a new government, led by Communist Party of India leader Achutha Menon as Chief Minister, together with CPI, RSP, KSP and Kerala Congress.
After the 1970 elections Achyutha Menon became elected Chief Minister for the second time. Members of the governing coalition were Indian National Congress, IUML, RSP and PSP. The Menon government lasted until the downfall of the Indira Gandhi regime in 1977 (no state elections were held in this period). In the chaos that followed the IUML leader C.H. Mohammed Koya held the post of Chief Minister in 1979.
Disintegration ahead of the 1980 elections
When two political fronts, United Democratic Front and Left Democratic Front, crystallised ahead of the 1980 elections two different sections of IUML landed up in opposite camps. A break-away faction, the All India Muslim League joined LDF and the Indian Union Muslim League joined UDF. The two groups reunited in 1985 under the name IUML and as members of UDF.
In 1987 IUML left UDF for a period.
Muslim League is the one of the only Muslim organisation that maintains consistent presence in the Indian Parliament all along its history.
The party youth wing is called Muslim Youth League and their students wing is called Muslim Students Federation. The Party has a women's political wing too – it is called Muslim Women's League. In Kerala the party has a separate trade union organisation, Swatantra Thozhilali Union (S.T.U., Independent Workers Union), and a peasants union, Swathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Independent Peasants Union), Lawyers Forum for Advocates and KMCC for expatriates of IUML supporters.
In Kerala the party has 5 ministers in the recent UDF government. Prof. K. M. Khader Mohideen is the national general Secretary of the party. Apart from Kerala, the party also has some influence in Tamil Nadu. In Tamil Nadu the party is a member of Democratic Progressive Alliance. In the Lok Sabha elections in 2004 the party won two Parliament seats, E. Ahamed from Kerala and K. M. Kader Mohideen from Tamil Nadu (elected as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate from Vellore). In Election in 2009, Mr. E. Ahamed( Malappuram) and Mr E.T Muhammad Basheer (Ponnani), M. Abdur Rahman (Vellore, Tamil Nadu) won the seats and Mr E Ahamed became the Minister of State for External affairs.
After the death of Panakkad Sayeed Mohammedali Shihab Thangal on 1 August 2009, his brother Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal was appointed as the President of the Kerala state committee of the party.
IUML in Tamil Nadu
IUML Tamil Nadu state president is prof. K.M. Kader Mohideen Ex.M.P. He is also the National Gen. Secretary. The State general secretary is K.A.M. Mohammed Abubacker. M. Abdur Rehman is the sitting M.P in the lok sabha. A.K. Thashreef Jahan is the newly appointed convener for the women's league in Tamil Nadu. The party has Advocate V. Jeevagiridharan, a non-Muslim, as its State Secretary, proving its secular credentials.
Muslim League seats in Kerala assembly – 14 seats (1982), 15 (1987), 19 (1991), 13 (1996), 16 (2001), 7(2006), 20 (2011)
Following are the Ministers from IUML in Kerala
- P K Kunhalikutty (Industry, IT, wakf, hajj)
- Dr M.K Muneer (social welfare, panchayat)
- V K Ebrahim Kunju (Public Works)
- P K Abdu Rabb (Education)
- Manjalamkuzhy Ali(Minority welfare Corporation, Municipality)
- Party at the Central govt
E Ahamed- Minister of State for External affairs Other positions
- E.T Muhammed Basheer MP – Member of Central Waqaf board & Member of parliamentary committee for social justice
Muslim youth league
It is the youth front of Muslim league, commonly referred as Youth league. It deals with issues related to the youth of India. Youth league is one of the influential part Kerala Youth Kerala Sate President: Mr. Sadiq Ali.
Muslim Student Federation
Kerala State Muslim Students Federation its is the student front of Indian Union Muslim League. It has been working for more than fifty years organising the Muslim Students on the lines of democratic, secular and progressive ideals. MSF has the unique role of moulding the students in the Islamic way of life and imbibing them with the leadership qualities and skills to face the challenges of changing times. MSF upholds the vision of late Qaide Millath Mohammed Ismail Sahib, who masterminded the political movement of the minorities of India for their honourable existence. MSF prepares the students to carry on the mission of making a vibrant community to participate in the nation-building activities.
Former Member of Parliament
- B. V. Abdulla Koya: He was one of the most reputed leader in IUML. and he represents as a member of Rajya Sabha more than 30 years.
- P.V Abdul Wahab
- M.P Abdussamad Samadani.
From Tamil Nadu, its Rajya Sabha MPs were Ismail Sahib (1952–58), A.K.A Samad (1964–70,1970–76), Khaja Mohideen(1968–74,1974–80), A.K Refaye(1972–78)
In the fourth Lok Sabha S.M. Muhammed Sheriff was the MP from Ramanathapuram, Madras. Fondly known as "Madurai Sheriff Sahib", was the first elected Muslim League MP from the state of Tamil Nadu in independent India. In fifth Loksabha he was again elected from Periyakulam, Tamil Nadu. In this fifth Loksabha Abu Taleb Chowdary was also elected from Murshidabad, West Bengal. In Seventh and Ninth loksabha A.K.A Abdul Samad was elected as MP from Vellore.
- "Hyderali Shihab Thangal, chief of IUML in Kerala". The Hindu. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- . TwoCircles.net. 13 May 2011 http://twitter.com/#!/TCNLive/status/69008392437501952. Retrieved 13 May 2011. Missing or empty