Muslim population growth
Muslim population growth refers to the topic of population growth of the global Muslim community. In 2006, countries with a Muslim majority had an average population growth rate of 1.8% per year (when weighted by percentage Muslim and population size). This compares with a world population growth rate of 1.12% per year. As of 2011, it is predicted that the world's Muslim population will grow twice as fast as non-Muslims over the next 20 years. By 2030, Muslims will make up more than a quarter of the global population.
Muslim birth control
Coitus interruptus, a form of birth control, was a known practice at the time of Muhammad, and his companions engaged in it. Muhammad knew about this, but did not prohibit it. Umar and Ali, the second and fourth of the Rashidun caliphs, respectively, defended the practice.
- As offspring are the right of both the husband and the wife, the birth control method should be used with both parties' consent.
- The method should not cause permanent sterility.
- The method should not otherwise harm the body.
Estimating Muslim population growth is related to contentious political issues. Some Islamic groups have accused American demographers of releasing falsely low population numbers of Muslims in the country to justify the marginalization of Muslims.
Because of higher birthrates, the percentage of Muslims in India has risen from about 9.91% in 1951 to 13.45% in 2001 to 14% in 2010. The Muslim population growth rate is higher by more than 10% of the total growth compared to that of Hindus. The ratio of young children (aged 0–6) to the total population is also significantly higher among Muslims than among Hindus in India.
Demographers have put forward several factors behind high birthrates among Muslims in India.Sociologists point out that religious factors can explain high Muslim birthrates. Surveys indicate that Muslims in India have been relatively far less willing to adopt family planning measures and that Muslim girls get married at a much younger age compared to other Indian girls. According to Paul Kurtz, Muslims in India are much more resistant to modern contraceptive measures compared to other Indians and as a consequence, the decline in fertility rate among non- Muslim women is much higher compared to that of Muslim women. According to a 2006 committee appointed by the Indian Prime Minister, by the end of the 21st century India's Muslim population will reach 320 to 340 million people (or 18% of India's total projected population).
In China, Muslim population growth was 2.7% during 1964-1982, compared to 2.1% for the population as a whole. During that time, Chinese Muslims numbered 4.473 million in 1964, and 7.219 million in 1982, according to the national censuses.
According to the Pew Forum, the Muslim population in Europe (excluding Turkey) was about 30 million in 1990, 44 million in 2010 and it is expected to increase to 58 million by 2030; the Muslim share of the population increased from 4.1% in 1990 to 6% in 2010, and will increase by nearly one-third over the next 20 years, reaching 8% in 2030. There were 19 million Muslims in the European Union in 2010.
Data for the rates of growth of Islam in Europe reveal that the growing number of Muslims is due primarily to immigration and higher birth rates. Muslim women today have an average of 2.2 children compared to an estimated average of 1.5 children for non-Muslim women in Europe. While the birth rate of Muslim in Europe is expected to decline over the next two decades, it will remain slightly higher than in the non-Muslim population. Except for Dutch-Turks, who have a lower birthrate (1.7) than the native Dutch population (1.8)
There are around 100,000 Muslim converts in the UK. France has seen conversions to the faith double in the past quarter century In France there are an estimated 70,000 Muslim converts. In Germany 20,000 Muslim converts. In Spain 50,000 Muslim converts. This is of course not taking into account the number of Muslims who have left the faith.
- According to the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the World Christian Database as of 2007 estimated the six fastest-growing religions of the world to be Islam (1.84%), the Bahá'í Faith (1.7%), Sikhism (1.62%), Jainism (1.57%), Hinduism (1.52%), and Christianity (1.32%). High birth rates were cited as the reason for the growth.
- Monsignor Vittorio Formenti, who compiles the Vatican's yearbook, said in an interview with the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano that "For the first time in history, we are no longer at the top: Muslims have overtaken us". He said that Catholics accounted for 17.4 percent of the world population—a stable percentage—while Muslims were at 19.2 percent. "It is true that while Muslim families, as is well known, continue to make a lot of children, Christian ones on the contrary tend to have fewer and fewer," the monsignor said.
According to the New York Times, an estimated 25 percent of American Muslims are converts. In Britain, around 6,000 people convert to Islam per year and according to a June 2000 article in the British Muslims Monthly Survey the bulk of new Muslim converts in Britain were women.
- Christian population growth
- Fastest Growing Religion
- Islam in Europe
- Islamic Missionary Activity
- List of converts to Islam
- List of countries by Muslim population
- Religious views on birth control
- Averaging of individual country figures from CIA factbook see also Demographics of Islam
- CIA Factbook
- Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid. "Contraception: Permissible?," IslamOnline.
- Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid. Question #1219. Islam Q&A. Accessed April 2006.
- Cooper, William; Yue, Piyu (2008). Challenges of the Muslim World: Present, Future, and Past. Emerald Group Publishing. p. 106.
- India’s Muslim Population by Carin Zissis for Council of Foreign Relations
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- Shakeel Ahmad. Muslim attitude towards family planning. Sarup & Sons, 2003. ISBN 81-7625-389-8, 9788176253895 Check
- Guilmoto, Christophe. Fertility transition in south India. SAGE, 2005. ISBN 0-7619-3292-5, 9780761932925 Check
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- Factsheet Turks in the Netherlands, page 2 Abckenniscentrum, 2011
- Sterke regionale verschillen in vruchtbaarheid naar herkomstgroepering CBS, 2012
- "Women Converts". British Muslims Monthly Survey. June 2000 Vol. VIII, No. 6. Archived from the original on 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- Staff (May 2007). "The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions". Foreign Policy (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace).
- "– Vatican: Islam Surpasses Roman Catholicism as World's Largest Religion – International News | News of the World | Middle East News | Europe News". Foxnews.com. 2008-03-30. Retrieved 2010-04-01.
- Muslim Convert Faces Discrimination Accessed 2008-01-17