Muslim supporters of Israel
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Muslim supporters of Israel are Muslims who support self-determination for the Jewish people, and a homeland for them in Israel.
Some Muslim clerics, such as Sheikh Prof. Abdul Hadi Palazzi, Director of the Cultural Institute of the Italian Islamic Community, and Imam Dr Muhammad Al-Hussaini believe that the return of the Jews to the Holy Land, and the establishment of the State of Israel, are in accordance with teachings of Islam. Some Muslim supporters of Israel consider themselves 'Muslim Zionists'. Notable Muslims who publicly support Zionism include Dr. Tawfik Hamid, Tashbih Sayyed, a Pakistani-American scholar, journalist, and author, and the Bangladeshi journalist Salah Choudhury. Additional Muslim people who voiced public support for Israel included figures such as Irshad Manji, Salim Mansur, Abdurrahman Wahid, Mithal al-Alusi, Kasim Hafeez, Abdullah Saad Al-Hadlaq, Zuhdi Jasser and Khaleel Mohammed.
Middle Ages 
According to British-based Imam Muhammad Al-Hussaini, traditional commentators from the 8th and 9th century onwards have uniformly interpreted the Qur'an to say explicitly that the Land of Israel has been given by God to the Jewish people as a perpetual covenant. Hussaini bases his argument upon Qur'an 5:21 in which Moses declares: "O my people, enter the Holy Land which God has prescribed for you, and turn not back in your traces, to turn about losers." He cites the Qur'an commentator Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, who says that this statement is "a narrative from God … concerning the saying of Moses … to his community from among the children of Israel and his order to them according to the order of God to him, ordering them to enter the holy land." He argued that this promise to the Jews is ever lasting, and further said: "It was never the case during the early period of Islam … that there was any kind of sacerdotal attachment to Jerusalem as a territorial claim." This interpretation of the promise to the Jews as ever-lasting is not uniformly accepted by all Islamic commentators
According to a translation by the Islamic Law scholar Khaleel Mohammed, Ibn Kathir (1301–1373) interpreted Qur'an 5:20-21 using the following terms: "'That which God has written for you' i.e. That which God has promised to you by the words of your father Israel that it is the inheritance of those among you who believe."
Early 20th century 
After World War I, the Sharif of Mecca, Hussein bin Ali and his son, the King Feisal of Hijaz and then of Iraq, proclaimed pro-Zionist views. According to Sheikh Prof. Abdul Hadi Palazzi, the Wahhabi position, in contrast, was extremely anti-Zionist.[self-published source?]
"The resources of the country [Palestine] are still virgin soil and will be developed by the Jewish immigrants (...) we have seen the Jews from foreign countries streaming to Palestine from Russia, Germany, Austria, Spain, and America. The cause of causes could not escape those who had a gift of deeper insight. They knew that the country was for its original sons [abna'ihi-l-asliyin], for all their differences, a sacred and beloved homeland. The return of these exiles [jaliya] to their homeland will prove materially and spiritually an experimental school for their brethren who are with them in the fields, factories, trades and all things connected to the land."
On 3 January 1919, Hussein's son, king Faisal I of Iraq and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, President of the World Zionist Organization signed the Faisal–Weizmann Agreement for Arab-Jewish cooperation, in which Faisal conditionally accepted the Balfour Declaration based on the fulfillment of British wartime promises of development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and on which subject he made the following statement:
"We Arabs... look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement. Our deputation here in Paris is fully acquainted with the proposals submitted yesterday by the Zionist Organisation to the Peace Conference, and we regard them as moderate and proper. We will do our best, in so far as we are concerned, to help them through; we will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home... I look forward, and my people with me look forward, to a future in which we will help you and you will help us, so that the countries in which we are mutually interested may once again take their places in the community of the civilised peoples of the world." "
As'ad Shukeiri, a Muslim scholar ('alim) of the Acre area, and the father of PLO founder Ahmad Shukeiri, has rejected the values of the Palestinian Arab national movement and was opposed to the anti-Zionist movement. He met routinely with Zionist officials and had a part in every pro-Zionist Arab organization from the beginning of the British Mandate, publicly rejecting Mohammad Amin al-Husayni's use of Islam to attack Zionism.
In the 1920s, the Muslim National Associations was established by Muslim Arabs who were employed by the Palestine Zionist Executive. The president of the Muslim National Associations and the mayor of Haifa, Hassan Bey Shukri, has founded the organization with Sheikh Musa Hadeib from the village of Dawaymeh near Hebron and head of the farmers' party of Mt. Hebron.
We strongly protest against the attitude of the said delegation concerning the Zionist question. We do not consider the Jewish people as an enemy whose wish is to crush us. On the contrary. We consider the Jews as a brotherly people sharing our joys and troubles and helping us in the construction of our common country.
In the late 1930s, Amir Abdullah, ruler of Transjordan, and the pro-Hashemite leader of Syria, Abd al-Rahman Shahabandar, offered the Zionists to create a Jewish autonomy in Palestine under the Transjordanian throne, although they did not propose an independent Jewish state.
Modern times 
A number of Muslim groups that have histories of conflict with Arabs, including Kurds and Berbers, have also voiced support for Israel and Zionism. Ramin H. Artin of the Kurdish-American Education Society, argues that the creation of Israel has been "a thorn in the eye of fascists who would rather eliminate the Jewish state". He concluded that an Israeli-Kurdish alliance is "natural", and that sincere mutual respect and recognition of each other's rights can lead to peace and prosperity.
Palazzi noted that although in present days support for Israel among Muslims is a minority orientation, there are some exceptions, such as former President of Indonesia and leader of Nadwat al-Ulema, Shaykh Abdurrahman Wahid, and the Grand Mufti of the Russian Federation, Shaykh Talgat Tajuddin, the Mufti of European Russia, Shaykh Salman Farid, who wrote a fatwa against the intifadah. According to Palazzi, more examples for Pro-Israeli Muslim clerics are the Muftis of Chechnya, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.[self-published source?]
Israeli Arab supporters of Israel 
Muslim Bedouins 
Negev Bedouins, a Muslim minority which includes about 12% of Israeli Arabs, tend to identify more as Israelis than other Arab citizens of Israel. Many Negev Bedouins serve in the Israel Defense Forces. Each year, between 5%-10% of the Bedouin of draft age volunteer for the IDF (unlike Druze and Jewish Israelis, they are not required by law to do so).
During the Palestinian Arab national movement's formation, Bedouins often perceived their tribe as their principal focus of identity, and they generally did not view themselves as a component of the emerging Palestinian identity.
Bedouins had long standing ties with nearby Jewish communities. Bedouins of Tuba-Zangariyye helped defend these communities in the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine. Formal co-operation between Jews and Bedouin began in 1946, when tribal leader Sheik Hussein Mohammed Ali Abu Yussef of the al-Heib tribe sent more than 60 of his men to fight alongside Zionist forces, forming the Pal-Heib unit of the Haganah. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Pal-Heib unit defended Jewish communities in the Upper Galilee against Syria. Sheik Abu Yussef was quoted in 1948 as saying, "Is it not written in the Koran that the ties of neighbors are as dear as those of relations? Our friendship with the Jews goes back many years. We felt we could trust them and they learned from us too".
Maj Fehd Fallah, a Bedouin from the village of Saad in the Israeli occupied Golan Heights said in an interview: "Yes, I have fought against Muslims in Gaza," he says. "And I would fight again if I had to," he added. "Israeli Muslims who don't serve in the IDF should be ashamed for not serving their country."
Ismail Khaldi is the first Bedouin deputy consul of the State of Israel and the highest ranking Muslim in the Israeli foreign service. Khaldi is a strong advocate of Israel. While acknowledging that the state of Israeli Bedouin minority is not ideal, he said
I am a proud Israeli - along with many other non-Jewish Israelis such as Druze, Bahai, Bedouin, Christians and Muslims, who live in one of the most culturally diversified societies and the only true democracy in the Middle East. Like America, Israeli society is far from perfect, but let us deals honestly. By any yardstick you choose -- educational opportunity, economic development, women and gay's rights, freedom of speech and assembly, legislative representation -- Israel's minorities fare far better than any other country in the Middle East.
Israeli Druze and Circassian Muslims 
The Circassians in Israel are non Arab, predominantly Sunni Muslims. The Circassians have had a good relations with the Jewish community in Israel since the beginning of the Jewish settlement in the Land of Israel. The Circassians community in Israel helped the illegal immigration (Ha'apala) of Jews into Palestine During the British Mandate and fought on the Israeli side of the War of Independence. In 1948, when the State of Israel was created, Circassians of Palestine did not migrate to neighboring countries, rather made the choice to stay within the borders of the new state and embrace full Israeli citizenship. Like the Druze population, since 1958 male Circassians perform Israeli mandatory military service upon reaching the age of majority, while females do not. Many Circassians in Israel are employed in the security forces, including in the Border Guard, the Israel Defense Forces, the police and the Israel Prison Service. The percentage of the army recruits among the Circassian community in Israel is particularly high. This loyalty to Israel is often considered as an act of betrayal by the Arab Muslims, who see Circassians as traitors to the Ummah.
The Druze are a religious community found who consider themselves an Islamic Unist, reformatory sect. The Druze consider themselves to be Muslim, although they are considered non-Muslim by the general Islamic community. The Druze mostly do not identify with the cause of Arab nationalism. The bond between the Jewish and Druze is commonly known by the term "a covenant of blood". Druze citizens are prominent in the Israel Defense Forces and in politics, and a considerable number of Israeli Druze soldiers have fallen in Israel's wars since the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Reda Mansour, a Druze poet, historian and diplomat, explained: "We are the only non-Jewish minority that is drafted into the military, and we have an even higher percentage in the combat units and as officers than the Jewish members themselves. So we are considered a very nationalistic, patriotic community." In 2008 more than 94% of Druze youngsters classified themselves as "Druze-Israelis" in the religious and national context. Five Druze lawmakers currently have been elected to serve in the 18th Knesset, a disproportionately large number considering their population.
Rafik Halabi, an Israeli Druze television correspondent and former Israeli military officer, characterizes himself as an Israeli patriot. Opening his 1982 book "The West Bank Story: An Israel Arab's View of Both Sides of a Tangled Conflict", he wrote, "I am an Israeli patriot, although I am not a Jew".
Salman Abu-Salah from the village Majdal Shams established the "Zionist Druze Club" in the Golan in the 1970s and advocated petitioning for Israeli citizenship, even prior to the Israeli annexation of the Golan heights in 1980. Yusuf Nasr al-Din, who believes that the Arab-Israeli Conflict is a historical struggle between Zionism and Arabism, established the Druze Zionist Movement, recommending that the Druze show solidarity with Israel and adopt the national Zionist ideology of the Jewish people.
The Zionist Druze Circle 
In 1973, Amel Nasser A-Din founded the Zionist Druze Circle, a group whose aim was to encourage the Druze to support the state of Israel fully and unreservedly. A-Din, a Likud member of the Knesset, has lost his son in the War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt in 1969. In 2007, Nabiah A-Din, the chairman of the forum of the Druze and Circassian authority heads, and head of the Kasra Adia municipality, criticized the "multi-cultural" Israeli constitution proposed by the Israeli Arab organization Adalah, saying that he finds it unacceptable. "The state of Israel is Jewish state as well as a democratic state that espouses equality and elections. We invalidate and reject everything that the Adalah organization is requesting," he said. According to A-din,the fate of Druze and Circassians in Israel is intertwined with that of the state. "This is a blood pact, and a pact of the living. We are unwilling to support a substantial alteration to the nature of this state, to which we tied our destinies prior to its establishment," he said. As of 2005[update] there were 7,000 registered members in the Druze Zionist movement. In 2009, the movement held a Druze Zionist youth conference with 1,700 participants.
Other Arab Israelis identifying with Israel 
Ali Wahib serves as the highest ranking Muslim officer in the Israel Defense Forces, and originates from a the Galillee village of Reineh. He serves as the operations officer at an IDF ground forces training base, and describes himself as a "Zionist Israeli Arab". Wahib grew up in a society where Holocaust denial was common, but visited Poland while serving in the IDF and was shocked, saying that "there was something very powerful in the fact that I was standing on Polish soil, holding an Israeli flag and donning the uniform of the Israeli army, but this time from a position of power." According to Wahib, there are quite a lot of Israeli Arabs who want to enlist, but do not do so since they don't know how this will be accepted by their environment. In regards to being a Muslim, Wahib explained that he believes in the Muslim faith, and will never abandon it, but believes that "Zionism ... is something that fully represents my sense of belonging to the State of Israel and to Israeli society, and the immense commitment I have to protecting and guarding the country of which I am part."
Acceptance of Israel among Israeli Arabs 
In a 2004 survey conducted by Professor Sammy Smooha of the University of Haifa Jewish-Arab Center, "Index of Jewish-Arab Relations in Israel – 2004", 84.9% of Israeli Arabs stated that Israel has a right to exist as an independent state, and 70% noted that it has a right to exist as a democratic, Jewish state. A Truman Institute survey from 2005 found that 63% of the Arab citizens accept the principle that Israel is the state of the Jewish people.
Notable non-Israeli Muslim supporters of Israel 
Notable Muslim supporters of Israel include Dr. Tawfik Hamid A former self-described member of a terror organization and current Islamic thinker and reformer, Sheikh Prof. Abdul Hadi Palazzi, Director of the Cultural Institute of the Italian Islamic Community and self described Muslim Zionist, and Tashbih Sayyed - A Muslim Pakistani-American scholar, journalist, author, and self-described Muslim Zionist, Prof. Khaleel Mohammed, Islamic Law scholar of the San Diego State University and Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury, a Bangladeshi journalist and publisher, and a self-proclaimed Muslim Zionist.
In Bangladesh 
Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury, a Bangladeshi journalist and publisher, and a self-proclaimed Muslim Zionist. His newspaper, The Weekly Blitz, criticizes the jihad culture and advocates inter-faith understanding between Muslims, Christians and Jews. Choudhury was arrested by Bangladeshi police on November 29, 2003 at Dhaka airport since he was scheduled to fly to Israel, a country Bangladeshi citizens are barred from travelling to. After release from 17-months imprisonment, Choudhury wrote in an Israeli newspaper "I also stand before you perhaps as a living contradiction: a Zionist, a defender of Israel, and a devout, practicing Muslim, living in a Moslem country." He said "I believe in the justice of the Zionist dream. I also acknowledge this historical reality: that the world has endeavored to crush that dream and, yes, even to destroy the viability of the Jewish people. At the same time, I live in an environment where people believe just as passionately in an opposing view—one that sees Israel as illegitimate; and the Jewish people as evil incarnate.".
In Canada 
Irshad Manji, a Muslim Canadian author and an advocate of progressive interpretation of Islam, says that the Arabs' failure to accept the Jews' historical bond with Palestine is a mistake. Manji accepts that the Jews' historical roots stretch back to the land of Israel, and recognizes their right to a Jewish state. She further argues that the allegation of apartheid in Israel is deeply misleading, noting that there are in Israel several Arab political parties; that Arab-Muslim legislators have veto powers; and that Arab parties have overturned disqualifications. She also observes that Israel has a free Arab press; that road signs bear Arabic translations; and that Arabs live and study alongside Jews. She accuses Arab countries for the Palestinian refugees' plight, saying that they "interfered with every attempt to solve the problem" and that they would rather give "generous support to suicide bombers and their families" rather than help the needy refugees. According to Geneive Abdo, "Muslim Zionist" is a label which Manji "would no doubt accept".
In 2008, Salim Mansur, a Muslim Canadian Political Scientist, columnist and author, congratulated Israel for its 60th anniversary, and declared that the Jewish state "deserves admiration". He wrote, "Israel is a tiny sliver of land in a vast tempest-ridden sea of the Arab-Muslim world, and yet it is here the ancient world's most enduring story is made fresh again by Jews to live God's covenant with Abraham as told in their sacred literature." In 2010, he wrote: "The story of modern Israel, as many have noted, is a miracle unlike any [...] It is a robust and inclusive democracy, and is at the leading edge of science and technology [...] What hypocrites demand of Israelis and the scrutiny Israel is subjected to by them, they would not dare make of any other nation."
In Egypt 
Dr. Tawfik Hamid, chair for the Study of Islamic Radicalism at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, an Egyptian scholar and self-described former member of the militant al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, said that most Muslims correlate the word Israel in Arabic to the word 'Azra'il that sounds like Israel but means "Angel of death".[unreliable source?] This created a link in the minds of most children of Muslims the need to hate the word Israel. In an article titled "Why I loved Israel based on the Qur'an" he claims that according to the Qur'an, God gave the Israelites the land of Israel as their promised land (Quran 17:104): And We said thereafter to the Children of Israel, "Dwell securely in the land of promise". He explains the Quran went even further to consider the Promised Land as the permanent inheritance for the Israelites (26:59): "Thus it was, but we made the Children of Israel inheritors of such things (the Promised Land)" He continued by saying "No Muslim has the right to interfere with the gathering of the Jews in Israel, as this is the will of God himself".
In Indonesia 
Abdurrahman Wahid, Indonesia's president from 1999 until 2001, was criticised for his pro-Israel views. Wahid moved to establish diplomatic and commercial relations with Israel, and visited Israel six times. In an 2002 interview to ABC, Wahid said that the Islamic world should start recognising and acknowledging Israel's right to exist and prosper. He added, "I think Muslims are rational and rationality dictates that." In an 2004 interview to an Israeli newspaper, he was asked about his friendship with Israel, which was described as "unusual for an Islamic leader". Wahid replied, "I think there is a wrong perception that Islam is in disagreement with Israel. This is caused by Arab propaganda [...] Israel has a reputation as a nation with a high regard for God and religion - there is then no reason we have to be against Israel." According to Wahid, Israel "is a democracy in a sea of misunderstanding". 
In Italy 
In Italy, Sheikh Prof. Abdul Hadi Palazzi, director of the Cultural Institute of the Italian Islamic Community, represents a unique "Muslim Zionist", pro-Israel and pro-American position which according to Morten T. Højsgaard, Margit Warburg, although the organization is small in proportions, is a "thorn in the side of both moderate and radical Islamic fundamentalists in Italy".
In Iraq 
Mithal al-Alusi, a secular Muslim Iraqi lawmaker, who is openly pro-Israel, paid a heavy price for visiting Israel in September 2004, criticizing Hamas and Hezbollah as terrorist organizations, and advocating peace with the Jewish state. Upon his return to Iraq, the Sunni politician was immediately removed from Ahmed Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress Party (INC). In 2005, apparently as payback, a gunmen opened fire on Alusi's car just after it left his house, killing two of his sons, Ayman, 21, and Jamal, 30, while he escaped unharmed. According to Alusi, there is no Iraqi-Israeli problem, and the interests of the two countries are parallel; thus, he advocates strategic relations between Iraq and Israel against terrorism. Alusi returned to Israel for a second visit in September 2008. Upon his return to Iraq, he was stripped of parliamentary immunity so that he could face charges of traveling illicitly to Israel. Later that year, Iraq's Federal Supreme Court ruled in his favor, maintaining it was no longer a crime for Iraqis to travel to Israel.
In Kenya 
Abdalla Mwidau, mayor of Mombasa during the 1970s, and a Muslim supporter of Israel, was elected to Kenyan parliament as the representative of Mombasa-South. In 1979, Mwidau conducted an information campaign among Muslims in the USA, in which he praised Israel's assistance to developing African countries and specifically its assistance to Muslim education in Kenya. His political rivals, led by Sharif Kassir, denounced these activities, calling Mwidau a "Zionist agent". Mwidau remained in parliament until his death in 1986.
In Kuwait 
Kuwaiti writer Abdullah Saad Al-Hadlaq urged his country to normalize relations with Israel. Responding to a question whether he believed that Muslims have a right to rule Jerusalem, Hadlaq said, "On the contrary, verse number 21 of Surat Al-Maeda of the Holy Quran emphasizes the right of 'Bani Israel'". He said that Israel's model of democracy is unique and surpassed many of what he described as the "tyrannical, totalitarian" Arab regimes. In his 2008 article, "The Right of Self-defense," Al-Hadlaq supported "Israel's right to defend itself" and told the international community "not to criticize Israel if it continues its fight against Persian terror committed by the terrorist Hamas (...) and not to criticize Israel for using force to defend its citizens and its territory". In 2011, Hadlaq warned against a unilateral recognition of a Palestinian state, which he says will shatter the idea of real peace in the region. According to Al-Hadlaq, Israel has in the past made strategic concessions for peace, in Sinai, the Gaza Strip and South Lebanon, proving her desire for peaceful negotiations, but the response she earned was a hail of rockets from the "terrorists of Hizballah and Hamas".
In Pakistan 
Dr. Tashbih Sayyed, a Shi'ite Pakistani-American scholar, journalist, and author, was a prominent supporter and Israel and critic of the Islamist movement. He said that Israel is vital for the stability of the region. Sayyed praised the treatment of Arabs in Israel, and applauded the "strength of the Jewish spirit that refuses to give in to evil forces despite thousand of years of anti-Semitism". He concluded by saying "I am convinced that it is true that God created this earth but it is also a fact that only an Israel can keep this earth from dying". Tashbih condemned the press that portrays the Israelis as villains, and "chooses to ignore all rules of ethical journalism when it comes to Israel"
In the United Kingdom 
In 2011, a pro-Israel advocacy group, British Muslims for Israel, was founded under the umbrella of the Institute for Middle Eastern Democracy. The group spokesperson, Hasan Afzal, a political economics student at the University of Birmingham, explained in an interview with Israeli Channel 10 that Muslims in Israel are freer than they are under oppressive regimes in Arab countries. Afzal said that calls for Israel's destruction are "nonsense" and condemned Hamas who he says is "determined to kill indiscriminately."
According to Kasim Hafeez, a British-born Muslim of Pakistani origin, and self-proclaimed Muslim Zionist, it's "far from easy being a Zionist Muslim in England". Hafeez said he's been marginalized by his community and family. Hafeez, who has found an appreciation for Sufi Islam, stated in a lecture that he felt more at home in Israel than anywhere else, and added "I'm proud to call myself a Zionist". Hafeez visited university campuses around the UK presenting his talk, "The Day I Stopped Hating Israel - Confessions of an ex-Radical." In an interview with the Jewish Telegraph, Hafeez said: "It's not about being pro-Israel or pro-truth, I just want the facts to be heard. Israel is a democratic state. Muslims in Israel have more rights than possibly most Muslims in the Arab world and then there is the reality of the actual conflict. In the UK, most of us can't impact what will happen in Israel, we can't stop rockets falling from Gaza or forge a peace process, but we can tackle the delegitimisation and demonisation of Israel."
Mohammed Mostafa Kamal is a freelance journalist from Bangladesh based in the United Kingdom. He has said, "No Muslim country boycotted East Timor or banned its citizens from traveling there after it became independent from mainly Muslim Indonesia. Christian-majority South Sudan became independent from mainly Muslim United Sudan in 2011. As with East Timor, we did not see any Muslim boycotts. However, when Israel became independent in 1948, Muslim countries acted with unrelenting hostility. Why?" Kamal has said that when comparing Israel's actions since 1948 with those of East Timor or South Sudan, "the only conclusion to be drawn is that the Muslim world's attitude toward Israel is totally illogical, unfair and unjust. Israel was established in the exact same manner as were Australia and America. History will not rewind." Kamal further added that "anti-Israel activities have not brought the Muslim world anything but tension, conflict and economic ruin, keeping them relegated to third-world status." Kamal also said that it was a lie to call Israel colonialist or expanionist, using proof that Israel has ceded territory since its formation for peace agreements with Egypt and Jordan and had not committed aggression against these countries since those treaties. Kamal believes that Muslim countries must recognize the state of Israel, and the Muslim world must boycott Hamas, Hezbollah, and Iran if they rejected peace.
Muhammad Zahran, whose family was born in East Jerusalem, moved to Jordan, and finally to the United Kingdom, is a Palestinian blogger, lecturer, publicist, and religious Muslim who supports Israel. He has accused Jordan of practicing Apartheid, and is a supporter of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, saying that those who oppose it "are just encouraging the terrorist groups indirectly. They're giving legitimacy to Hamas." When explaining why he voices his views, Zahran said, "I don't do it because I choose to, but rather because most of the people think this way and only I have the privilege of speaking out because I'm a British citizen. Most of my people think as I do, but they're afraid to say so." He has noted that 70% of Palestinians in East Jerusalem want Israel to retain control over them, and has said that "we suffer because of our Arab brothers, but we are also dependent on them. It's a bizarre situation because the Arab countries don't really care what happens to the Palestinian people. The only assistance that we have ever received from any country was from the 'Zionist enemy.' Zahran has also said that Iran is a threat that must be stopped, and is threatening both Israel and the Palestinians.
In the United States 
The American-Islamic Forum for Democracy (AIFD) was formed in March 2003. The group advocates a liberal Islam, compatible with democracy and American values. The AIFD publicly supports Israel, stating "it is necessary to make a foundational position statement regarding the state of Israel. We stand in support of the existing unqualified recognition of the state of Israel behind internationally recognized borders".
The group's founder, M. Zuhdi Jasser, a former Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy, said that Muslims need to recognize Israel as a state, to stand against radical Islamist groups by name, not by theory, tactic, or condemning terrorism, but by name—Hamas, Al Qaeda and other groups. Jasser calls political Islamism "the root cause of Islamist terrorism" and a matter on which it is "time to take sides." An outspoken supporter of Israel, Jasser warned against what he sees as the increasing threats of Radical Islam to the West: "Israel has always been a canary in the coal mine, dealing with the threat of radical Islam. Now each country is going to have to deal with it".
During the 2006 Lebanon War, Jasser defended Israel's actions, and wrote "I have no reason to believe that Israel is not doing anything but just protecting itself from forces that are using homes north of it to bomb northern Israel". Afdhere Jama, an American-Muslim writer and editor of the Huriyah magazine, added, "My main difference with the majority of Muslims is the belief that a Jewish homeland is an important progress for all of us, especially one in their ancestral land of Israel". He continued, "Muslims in the United States must decide whether they see groups like Hamas and Hizbullah as legitimate resistance or the cause of Muslim troubles in the region".
Khaleel Mohammed, an associate professor of Religion at San Diego State University (SDSU), attracted attention for a 2004 interview in which he stated that based on the Qur'an, Israel belongs to the Jews. Mohammed said that the Qur'an never mentions Jerusalem as a holy city, and added, "It's in the Muslim consciousness that the land first belonged to the Jews. It doesn't matter if the Jews were exiled 500 years or 2000 years, the Holy Land, as mentioned in Quran belongs to Moses and his people, the Jews."
In the Qur'an 
Imam Abdul Hadi Palazzi, leader of Italian Muslim Assembly and a co-founder and a co-chairman of the Islam-Israel Fellowship, quotes the Qur'an to support Judaism's special connection to the Temple Mount. According to Palazzi, "The most authoritative Islamic sources affirm the Temples,". He adds that Jerusalem is sacred to Muslims because of its prior holiness to Jews and its standing as home to the biblical prophets and kings David and Solomon, all of whom he says are sacred figures also in Islam. He claims that the Qur'an "expressly recognizes that Jerusalem plays the same role for Jews that Mecca has for Muslims".
When asked what the Qur'an says about the State of Israel, Palazzi replied:
"The Qur'an cannot deal with the State of Israel as we know it today, since that State came into existing in 1948 only, i.e. many centuries after the Qur'an itself was revealed. However, the Qur'an specify that the Land of Israel is the homeland of the Jewish people, that God Himself gave that Land to them as heritage and ordered them to live therein. It also announces that - before the end of the time - the Jewish people will come from many different countries to retake possession of that heritage of theirs. Whoever denies this actually denies the Qur'an itself. If he is not a scholar, and in good faith believes what other people say about this issue, he is an ignorant Muslim. If, on the contrary, he is informed about what the Qur'an and openly opposes it, he ceases to be a Muslim.
Prof. Khaleel Mohammed, Islamic Law scholar of the San Diego State University, noted that Sura 5 verse 21 of the Qur'an, and the medieval exegetes of the Qur'an, say that Israel belongs to the Jews. He translates it thus:
- "[Moses said]: O my people! Enter the Holy Land which God has written for you, and do not turn tail, otherwise you will be losers." Mohammed here understands "written" to mean this is the final word from God on the subject. In reaction, he was inundated with hate mail.
Intolerance towards Muslim supporters of Israel 
In the Muslim world, support of Israel is mostly met with intolerance. In 2004, Sarah Nasser, a Muslim college student in Canada known for her pro-Israel views, received death threats after expressing support for the Jewish state's right to exist. "Being a supporter of the existence of Israel does not conflict with Islam, it complements Islam," she said. "The Koran does not have any verses that do not allow for the Jews to return to the Land of Israel (...) "I love Jews as I love true Muslims," she said. "Therefore, I believe Jews should have a right to live legitimately in their homeland." In Bangladesh, Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury, editor of the Weekly Blitz newspaper and self described "Muslim Zionist", was attacked and beaten in 2006 by a mob of nearly 40 people, leaving him with a fractured ankle. During the assault, the attackers shouted at Choudhury, labeling him an "agent of the Jews."
- A Muslim Zionist FrontPage Magazine, Tuesday, December 09, 2003
- Religion and cyberspace, Morten T. Højsgaard, Margit Warburg. Routledge, 2005. p. 108-109
- "Muhammad Al-Hussaini. The Qur'an's Covenant with the Jewish People". Middle East Quarterly. Fall 2009, pp. 9-14. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- Margolis, David (February 23, 2001). "The Muslim Zionist". Los Angeles Jewish Journal.
- The scathing scholar , The Ottawa Citizen, February 6, 2007. CanWest MediaWorks Publications Inc. "The academic has been inundated with hate mail for previously saying that despite what Muslims are taught, Islam's holy book, the Koran, supports the right of Israel to exist and for Jews to live there."
- See also: BLOOM, JACK, "Out of Step: Life-Story of a Politician Politics and Religion in a World at War." 2005. Indiana University. ISBN 0-620-35374-0. p. 244, p. xiv
- AJC Honors Muslim Zionist, By Masha Leon. The Weekly Forward. September 07, 2007
- The Zionist Imam, By SVEN BEHRISCH, Jerusalem Post Christian Edition - April 2010 "Sheikh Palazzi refers to himself as a "Muslim Zionist." Zionism to him means "any contribution to support the state of Israel." He says Israel should exert sovereignty over the whole land of Palestine, including the West Bank. He explains that this position, which meets opposition from all Arab countries, the United Nations and even the majority of Israelis, is clearly supported in the Qur'an.
- T. Hamid, Why I love Israel Based on the Quran, June 2004
- Tashbih, Sayyed. "A Muslim in a Jewish Land". Muslim World Today. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- See below.
- Freund, Michael (Friday, January 2, 2004). "Muslim pro-Israel activist threatened". Jerusalem Post. .
- See also: Sarah Nasser. A pro-Israel Muslim speaks out. Jerusalem Post. December 1, 2005
- Michael Freund, US slams trial of Bangladeshi newsman, Holiday International, 3 November 2006
- "What the Koran says about the land of Israel". JC. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- "The Qur'an: Israel Is Not for the Jews". Middle East Forum. Fall 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- Prof. Khaleel Mohammed. "For Whom the Holy Land? A Qur'anic Answer." 2004.
- See also: Near East report: Volume 19, by Isaiah L. Kenen - 1975. p. 36. "... Sheriff Hussein and Emir Feisal proclaimed pro-Zionist views after World War I."
- "A Muslim Zionist". IsraPundit.com.
- Al Qibla, March 23, 1918, as cited by Samuel Katz, Battlegound: Fact and Fantasy in Palestine, pg. 125
- Letter by Emir Feisal to Felix Frankfurter, published in full at amislam.com (collection of correspondence).
- Faisal–Weizmann Agreement
- See also: "Reshaping Palestine: from Muhammad Ali to the British Mandate, 1831-1922". By Martin Sicker. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999. p. 147
- Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East, Volume 4, Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet. Macmillan Reference USA, 1996. p. 1661
- Army of Shadows: Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 1917-1948. By Hillel Cohen. University of California Press, 2009. p. 84
- Army of Shadows: Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 1917-1948 By Hillel Cohen, University of California Press, 2009. p. 15-17, 59
- Shadowplays, by Neve Gordon, The Nation, March 24, 2008
- The Tangled Truth, By Benny Morris, The New Republic 7/5/08
- Moshe Ma'oz. Muslim attitudes to Jews and Israel: the ambivalences of rejection, antagonism, tolerance and cooperation. Sussex Academic Press, 2010. p.9
- "Islam, Islam, Laïcité, and Amazigh Activism in France and North Africa" (2004 paper), Paul A. Silverstein, Department of Anthropology, Reed College
- WHY NOT A KURDISH-ISRAELI ALLIANCE? (Iran Press Service)
- Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 1917-1948. Canada Free Press. By Dr. Norman Berdichevsky, September 24, 2010
- Steven Dinero (2004). New Identity/Identities Formulation in a Post-Nomadic Community: The Case of the Bedouin of the Negev 6 (3). National Identities. pp. 261–275.
- Field Listing :: Military service age and obligation. CIA World Factbook
- Palestine Post, Israel's Bedouin Warriors, Gene Dison, August 12, 1948
- Sekkai, Rachid (2009-10-20). "Bedouin who serve in Israel's army". BBC Arabic Service. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Kalman, Matthew (November 24, 2006). "S.F.'s newest consul enjoys being Bedouin, proud to be Israeli / Ishmael Khaldi, who began life as a nomad, is first Muslim envoy to rise through ranks". SF Gate. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- San Francisco Chronicle, March 2009
- In search of a lost time, (Re) construction of identity in the Circassian diaspora in Israel, by Eléonore Merza, Bulletin du Centre de recherche français de Jérusalem
- Haaretz 08/02/2004.
- Jews, by George E. Berkley, Branden Books, 1997, p. 307
- Druze: The Allele Frequency Database. Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University
- Christensen, John (Saturday, November 15, 2008). "Consul General is an Arab Who Represents Israel Well". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- Elections 2009 / Druze likely to comprise 5% of next Knesset, despite small population
- Book Review: The West Bank Story: An Israeli Arab's View of Both Sides of a Tangled Conflict, Washington Report, November 29, 1982, Page 7
- People as subject, people as object: selfhood and peoplehood in contemporary Israel. By Virginia R. Domínguez, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1989. p. 159
- Surrounded: Palestinian soldiers in the Israeli military. By Rhoda Ann Kanaaneh, Stanford University Press, 2009. p. 155
- Nisan, Mordechai. The Druze in Israel: Questions of Identity, Citizenship, and Patriotism. The Middle East Journal. October 1, 2010
- The Druzes in the Jewish state: a brief history By Kais Firro, page 210
- Minorities in the Middle East: a history of struggle and self-expression. By Mordechai Nisan. McFarland, 2002 p. 109
- The Arab minority in Israel, 1967-1991: political aspects By Jacob M. Landau. p. 46
- Stern, Yoav. "Druze, Circassian forum: Israel should remain a Jewish state". Ha'aretz. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- הרצל והתקווה בחגיגות 30 לתנועה הדרוזית הציונית (in Hebrew), by Eli Ashkenazi, Haaretz. November 3, 2005
- "הציונות הדרוזית היא אהבת מדינת ישראל והתרומה למדינת ישראל" (in Hebrew), Radio Haifa, 09/12/2009, by Samar Odeh
- Yitzhaki, Michal Yaakov (7 September 2012). "An officer and a Muslim Zionist". Israel Hayom. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Du-Et," June 6, 2005
- Shamir, Shimon. "The Arabs in Israel – Two Years after the Or Commission Report". The Konrad Adenauer Program for Jewish-Arab Cooperation.
- Ha'aretz, October 2, 2005
- Shoaib Choudhury, Salah Uddin (June 13, 2005). "A letter from a friend of Israel". Israel Insider.
- Richard L. Benkin, 'Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury,' Middle East Quarterly 16, no. 4 (2009)
- Manji, Irshad. The Trouble with Islam Today: A Muslim's Call for Reform in Her Faith. St. Martin's Griffin, 2005, pp. 108–109. ISBN 0-312-32699-8
- Mecca and Main Street: Muslim life in America after 9/11. Geneive Abdo, Oxford University Press, 2006. p. 121
- Immigration policy and the terrorist threat in Canada and the United States By A. Alexander Moens, Martin Collacott. p. vi.
- Israel Deserves Admiration, by Salim Mansour, Edmonton Sun, May 10, 2008
- Israel facing revival of deep-seated hate, August 14, 2010, The Edmonton Sun
- Perceptions and criticisms on Abdurrahman Wahid, Riant Nugroho Dwijowijoto, the University of Michigan, 2000, p. 64
- Interview with Abdurrahman Wahid, Jennifer Byrne, Transcript. Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Broadcast 17/04/2002
- A friend of Israel in the Islamic world, By Micha Odenheimer, Haaretz, 07.07.2004
- Rare support for democracy in a sea of misunderstanding, Greg Sheridan, The Australian, May 03, 2007
- Jihad archipelago, by Greg Sheridan, The National Interest, 22-DEC-04
- Annual Editions: World Politics 06/07, Helen E. Purkitt, McGraw-Hill, 2006, p. 185
- Moshe Ma'oz. Muslim attitudes to Jews and Israel: the ambivalences of rejection, antagonism, tolerance and cooperation. Sussex Academic Press, 2010. p.22, 239
- Building moderate Muslim networks, By Angel Rabasa, Rand Corporation, 2007, p. 101
- Jewish-Muslim encounters: history, philosophy, and culture. By Charles Selengut, Paragon House, 2001. p. 109
- Ruby, Walter. An Iraqi Pol's Risky Platform. The Jewish Week. January 28, 2005
- SAMEER N. YACOUB and VANESSA GERA. Iraqi's warmth to Israel exacts a heavy price. AP Online. September 21, 2008
- Peace above all. Jerusalem Post. March 16, 2007
- Robinson, Heather. Dissident Watch: Mithal al-Alusi. Middle East Quarterly. March 22, 2009
- Arye Oded. Islam and politics in Kenya. p.129. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000
- Kuwait Times, March 22, 2009 Controversial writer urges Kuwait to accept Israel 
- Abdullah Saad Al-Hadlaq, "The Right of Self-defense," Al-Watan, 6 March 2008, as cited in "Behind the Headlines: Pragmatic Arab views of Hamas" 10 April 2008 
- Abdallah al-Hadlaq, "خطر الاعتراف المبكر بدولة «فلسطينية!": International agreements dealing with peace in the Middle East must be respected. Al-Watan, 22 June 2011
- Myron Love. British Muslim Zionist pulls no punches. CJN. February 14, 2012
- Faith Kaplan, A British Muslim Speaks Out About Jews and Israel. Winnipeg Jewish Review. February 13, 2012.
- British 'Muslim Zionist' tackles anti-Israel bias, blames ignorance. Al Arabiya. 04 June 2012
- Kuropatwa, Rebeca. Changing the Muslim narrative. February 14, 2012
- Nationwide Campus Tour with Kasim Hafeez
- From Israel Hater to Israel Supporter
- Kamal, Mohammed Mostafa (July 21, 2012). "Why doesn't the Muslim world recognize Israel?". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- Barnovsky, Yael (September 28, 2012). "Let them call me crazy". Israel Hayom. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
- 8 questions with Dr. Zuhdi Jasser of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy. By Caroline May - The Daily Caller. 09/08/2010
- Citizen-Soldier Handbook. by Michael Mandaville, 2009. p. 237
- Exposing the "Flying Imams", Middle East Quarterly Winter 2008, pp. 3-11
- Americanism vs. Islamism: A Personal Perspective, by M. Zuhdi Jasser, Foreign Policy Research Institute October 29, 2007
- Veiled in secrecy: Religious observance or cultural apartheid?, July 30, 2010, By Peter C. Glover
- West shows 'moral clarity' in demanding Assad's ouster. Jerusalem Post. 2011
- Faces of US Muslim and Jewish dissent, The Christian Science Monitor, By Omar Sacirbey, August 4, 2006
- Handler, Judd. "The dissenting Muslim". San Diego Jewish Journal, August 2004.
- Schwartz, Stephen (June 23, 2006). "An Islamic Defense of Israel". Excerpt from the book What Israel Means to Me edited by Alan Dershowitz (John Wiley and Sons, 2007; ISBN 978-0-470-16914-8).
- "Land of Israel is the homeland of the Jewish people - Imam Palazzi". Weekly Blitz. Volume # 5, Issue # 42, October 13, 2010. "When asked whether he see himself as a "Muslim Zionist", he replied: "If one means a Muslim who supports the right of the Jewish people to have their own independent and sovereign State, who is solidly behind the State of Israel when it is attacked by terror and when its existence in menaced, who thinks that developing friendly relations between the Muslim nations and the State of Israel is in the interest of the Muslims and of human civilization in general, then I think that the label of Muslim Zionist is appropriate."