Mustabad

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Mustabad
village
Mustabad is located in Andhra Pradesh
Mustabad
Mustabad
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 10°16′44″N 53°42′39″E / 10.27877°N 53.71088°E / 10.27877; 53.71088Coordinates: 10°16′44″N 53°42′39″E / 10.27877°N 53.71088°E / 10.27877; 53.71088
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Karimnagar
Talukas Mustabad
Population
 • Total 4,196
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 505404
Telephone code 08723

Musthabad(ముస్తాబాద్) is a town in Mustabad Mandal in Karimnagar District in Andhra Pradesh State of South-East India. Musthabad is the main town for the Mustabad Mandal. Musthabad is located 65.2 km distance from its district main city, Karimnagar. It is located 131 km distance from its state main city, Hyderabad.[1]

Geography[edit]

Mustabad is located at 10°16′44″N 53°42′39″E / 10.27877°N 53.71088°E / 10.27877; 53.71088.

There are several education institutes in Mustabad:

1. Government Junior College Mustabad
2. Vennela Jr. College Mustabad
3. spoorthy junior college(E/M)

Schools in Musthabad:

1. Z.P. High School (girls/BOYS), Musthabad, Mustabad (vill)
2. New Shanthi Vidyanikethan, Musthabad, Mustabad (vill)
3. Maharshi High School(E/M,T/M), Musthabad, Mustabad (vill)
4. Vennela Public School, Musthabad, Mustabad (vill)
5. Navajyothi English Medium School, Musthabad
6. Krishnaveni Talent School, Mustabad
7. Chaitanya Public School, Vidyaranyapuri, Mustabad(1984-1998)
8. Kasturba Gandhi balikala vidyalayam, mustabad

Panchayats[edit]

The distance between Mustabad and Siddipet is 27 km (17 mi). The distance between Mustabad and Secunderabad is 127 km (79 mi).

Temples: Sitha Ramaswamy Devasthanam, Shivalayam, Ayyappa, Saibaba and many Hanuman temples.

The following is the list of village panchayats in Mustabad mandal: Avunoor, Badanakal, Cheekod, Chippalapalle, Gudem, Gudur, Kondapur, Maddikunta, Moinkunta, Moraipalle, Morrapur, Mustabad, Namapur, Pothugal, Terlumaddi, Turkapalle.

Maddikunta[edit]

Maddikunta is on the way from Musthabad to Dubbak road, and it is next to Mohinkunta.

Facilities: Government School, pure drinking water (some extent) and good roads (some extent).

Temples: Sri Venu Gopala Swamy Devasthanam, Hanuman temple, Yellamma Temple and Pochamma Gudi.

Young and dynamic leader Janagama Sharath Rao is aspiring for a bigger role in politics from Maddikunta.

Avunoor[edit]

Introduction

Avunoor, a rich village with paddy crops, is adjacent to river Manir. It includes Ramalaxmana Palli village in its Panchayat. Avunoor used to be great place of education for surrounding villages with ZPHS School and SC/ST Hostel. The Historical places in Avunoor are Ranganayakula gutta and sri Hanuman temple and Ramulavari Temple. ఈ వురి లో ఒక విశేషం వుంది . నాలుగు వందల సంవత్సరాలు నుండి రామాలయం గర్బ గుడిలో దీపం వెలుగుతూనే వుంది .

Temples

Sitha Ramaswamy Devasthanam and Hanuman temples, Shiva temple, Yellamma, Reddy Pochamma, Maala Pochamma, Peddamma, Durgamma, and Gangamatha temples.Sai Baba Temple is under construction.

Visiting places

Jambi Gutta, Peddha, Cheruvu & Thoom, Matthadi, Vaagu.

Agriculture:(వ్యవసాయం)

ముఖ్యమైన పంట వరి. ఈ ఊరుకి వరి పండిచటం లో చాల పేరు ఉంది. ఊరు మొత్తం మీద ఎక్కడ కూడా ఖాళీ లేకుండా రైతులు వారి ఉత్పతి చేస్తుంటారు.

ఈ ఊరిలో తాటి చెట్లు(Toddy Trees) చాలా ఎక్కువగా ఉన్నాయి. చుట్టుపక్కల ఊర్లలతో పోలిస్తే, తాటికలు సేకరించడంలో ఈ ఊరు చాలా పేరుగాంచింది.

Transportation

This village is very nearer to the town Siricilla. Frequently many three wheeler runs on the road from Sircilla to Musthabad via Avunoor. And APSRTC buses also available for every on hour.

Major Projects

Major Projectsinitiated/supported in Development Cooperation in India:

1.Cooperative Lift Irrigation Project in Avunoor, AP, India 1991 (Financed by German Development Ministry)

2. The govt. of A.P constructed two huge bridges on the rivers, worth Rs.99cr each to connect to Agraharam and Lachchapet.

Location on GoogleMap:[1]

Location on map: [2]

[2]

Mustabad Village[edit]

It is both a village panchayat and a mandal headquarters. Has three private hospitals that serve the people in Mustabad division. In mandal there is the famous Hanuman temple and Ayyappa temple. The main hospital is in Telangana, Dr. Brahmaiah Memorial Hospital.

Temples: Venkateshwara temple, Shivalayam, Hanuman temple,Ayyappa temple, Pochamma Temple 1, Pochamma Temple 2, Sri Rama Temple, Misamma Temple, and Sammakka Sarakka Temple.And Two Peddamma Temples.

Facilities: Government School For Boys, Government School For Girls, Government Junior College and maharshi public school, vennela public school,New Shanthi Vidyaniketan,Krishnaveni Talent School

Statues: Mahathma Gandhi, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, and Rajiv Gandhi.Telangana Thalli

Banks: Telangana Bank, State Bank of India, The Co-operative Bank and one SBI Atm.

Politicians:Matta Venkateshwar reddy, Late sri Annam Balam reddy, Oraganti Thirupathi,Mr.Raji Reddy,Bathula Anjaiah, Mr. Ramana Reddy, ,Mr.Gundela Devaramulu, Mr.Nalla Narsaiah.kanameni chakradhar reddy

Late Matta Ram Linga Reddy ,Police Patel,Musthabad.

Pothuganti[edit]

It is also called Pothugal, Pothgal and Pothganti. The word "Pothu" means valour. The origin of its name can be traced to Velama Nayakas who fought against Alauddin Khilji and cut short his expedition. You may find more information by searching for Pothuganti at Velama.

The current sarpanch is D Pandari: Thanneeru rajeswar rao, Gopal Rao, Vennamaneni Narayana Rao,Thanneer Goutham Rao and Koppu Rajalingavva W/o Koppu Kistaiah

Temples: Sitha Ramaswamy Devasthanam, Shivalayam and Hanuman pada amma talli temples.

Facilities: Government School For Boys, Government School For Girls, Government Hospital, Government Hostel, pure drinking water (some extent) and good roads (some extent).

Distance between Pothugal to Musthabad is 3 km, Pothugal to Siddipet is 27 km, Pothugal to Hyderabad is 128 km.

Gudem[edit]

The Gudem village is located between Sircilla and Mustabad. Gudem means a group or community with similar culture is a common name in Andhra Pradesh.

This Gudem is known as Avunoor Gudem, as Avunoor is the neighbour village. Gudem comes under Mustabad Mandal, Karimnagar District, A.P.

Gudem has primary and secondary educational facilities. Good connectivity with near by towns Sircilla & Karimnagar; Mustabad, Siddipet and Hyderabad. Gudem has a population of about 4,658 people living in around 1090 households.

Gudem has famous Venkateshwara, Hanuman and Shiv temples.

The past Sarpanches of Gudem are: Chitneni Ramchander Rao,Boppa Ramulu, Chitneni Hunumanth Rao, Enuganti Prabhakar Rao, known for his long reign nearly for two decades, Rangineni Mohan Rao and others.


Famous people from Gudem include:

chitneni Bheem Rao, Director of CESS, Cooperative Electric Supply Society, Sircilla.

Chitneni Sri Ranga Rao, Businessman in Delhi and Dubai.

Vala Narayan Rao, Industrialist & Real Estate businessman in Patancheru Hyderabad.

Rangineni Mohan Rao, Industrialist & Philanthropist.

Chitneni Venkateshwar Rao, Industrialist and businessman, Patancheru, Hyderabad

chitneni Vidya Sagar Rao, S/O Bheem Rao, Director of Andhra Pradesh public prosecutors directorate, appointed in April 2014.

Gudur[edit]

Guduru is a well developed small village in the mandal. In 2008, this village was selected for the Nirmal Gram Purascar and state subram award during the time of sarpanch Sri. Some basic facilities include pure and safe drinking water infrastructure and maintenance. It shares boundaries with pothgal, morraipally, namapur, gudem, mustabad. This village has no past history because it was established 50 years ago and earlier it was under Pothgal control. It separated due to heavy rains and konda cheruvu 50 years back. It has sai baba temple, hanuman temple, one mosque and darga at top of gutta. Maneru cheruvu kaluva (higher manner irrigation cannel) flows in the village and fertilizes the village lands. One important feature is that there is no hotel for tea-tiffins, because that majority of the villagers have their own buffaloes/cows for milk. This is the main income source. The village was selected as the best milk producing village and one milk cooling center was started. Within the past 5 years it has changed tremendously due to surpanch venkatnarasiga rao. Many villagers, especially from velmas, were settled in Hyderabad and abroad due to migrations of gulf countries. In the famine time they earned money and changed their way of life. Many children inspire to study higher educations now. Many dropouts happened due to neglect and resulted in no more than two or three students acquiring higher education. Many students from this village usually go to zphs mustabad and other private schools like Maharshi, vennala and shanthi school.

Now village facing water scarcity like drought in 2012, and from the village many people became teachers and lecturers,businessmen and real estate and infrastructure development now there is batch emerging with well academics with various disciplines like software MSc, MBA and law

Kondapur[edit]

The Kondapur village is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) away from Gudem, and a rich village with paddy crops is adjacent to river Manir. Kondapur is famous for manir vaagu (canal).and also shivalayam temple is located present sarpanch Mamidla laxman MPTC NEVURI Pochireddy, their period is not development in village,

Namapoor Village[edit]

Reported by Prof. Metuku Devender Reddy, Director (rted.,), Water Technology Centre, Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad and Native of Namapoor Village

Location: Namapoor a village in Musthabad Mandal, 60 km from karimnagar district and 135 km from Hyderabad is located between Latitude 18º17’20” N and Longitude 78º41’00” E. It is approachable through tar road from Siddipet to Kamaraddy. Siddipet is the nearest prominent town situated at a distance of 34 km. The village is having large land area 9.71 sq miles with 1232 survey numbers. The village area is second largest in Sircilla division.

History:

As told by my ( Prof Metuku Devender Reddy) father Late Sri Methuku Gopal Reddy, the first Sarpanch of the village in 1980’s that more than 600years before there lived four Gowda (Tappers) brothers namely Namaiah, Pothaiah, Mellaiah and Sambaiah. The village was named as Namapoor after the elder of the four brothers namaiah. Even now, there are four lakes exist which are named after the four brothers – Namai cheruvu (lake), Pothai cheruvu, Mella Chruvu and sambai chruvu. Of these four lakes, the bunds of Pothai cheruvu and Namai cheruvu were breached as the ayacut of these lakes is served by the Upper manair project.

Rain fall and Soils:

The normal rainfall of Musthabad mandal is 719 mm. The July and August months receive major portion of the rainfall. The ambient temperature ranges between 12.0 and 42.0 0C.The soils in the village are mostly red chalkas with sandy loam and loamy in texture. The organic content of the soil is of average fertility.

Water source

In 1948, water was made available through canals of Upper Manair project constructed by His Highness the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad. However, it was stopped due to breach of the storage tank –Pothai chereuvu. The water was supplied in 1952 on wards after construction of duct at the breach site.

The well irrigation through mote was used for irrigating the crops till 1973. However, with electricity made available, the farmers started using Electric motors and paddy has become a major crop. Till middle of 1990’s, the dug wells were the source of irrigation. Farmers started in well bores and later on to bore wells, as the water was not sufficiently available through these wells. Now, major area under wells is through bore wells and paddy is the only crop under these wells. By 2000, the village faced problem of drinking water and water for house hold needs.

The major irrigated area in the village is through bore wells followedby upper manair project canals.

(Refer background paper for detailed study on water resources use: M.D.Reddy, P.S.Prasad, K.S.Rao and K.A.Kumar. 1995. Ground water use in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh - A case study. Paper presented at Second Agricultural Science Congress, 19- 21 Jan 1995, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad).

Crops and cropping pattern:

The cropping pattern followed in the village can be divided in to three phases - before 1952, 1952-1980 and thereafter. Before 1952, the farmers were growing maize, jowar in large area followd by green gram, red gram, castor, sesame, cow bean and other crops like chillies, tobacco, vegetables to smaller extent. The paddy crop was grown under six tanks (lakes) and three kuntas existing during that time. However, under dug wells the paddy was also grown to a lesser extent.

Till 2010, major area was kept fallow. Farmers started growing Cotton in majority of area where maize and Jowar were grown earlier. Once maize occupied major area, now it is grown small because of monkey menace. The villagers suffer to great extent as the monkey’s damage the roof tops of the houses which are covered with tiles.

The upper manair project irrigates North side of the village. However, the water supply through this project is very erratic.

Minerals:

The village is surrounded by hills which are having rich mineral –quartz. In early 1960’s the village area was surveyed by geological survey of India. On the north side of the village, there is one hillock called by name Ragi (copper) biluku (hillock), where people believe that ragi is available in that area. There is another hillock by name palla gutta with high quartz quantities.

Population:

The namapoor, the main village is having three hamlets, Gopal palle, Lambadithanda and Vodde Gudiselu. The people of voddegodiselu though having fields nearby destroyed their houses recently and migrated to Hyderabad, Sircilla, Kamareddy, Musthabad and Namapoor village due to drought situation in more than 50% of years. The population of the village in 1960’s was 5000 but now it is around 4000. This happened because many people migrated to Hyderabad followed by Karimnagar, Siddipet, Kamareddy and Sircilla. The literacy rate is high but many educated people live in other cities and town as the basic amenities in the village has not developed. The main road in the village is like that in 1960’s

Infrastructure.

The house hold water is supplied through pipes. The drinking water is made available from Gram panchayat managed purified water plant. There is one milk collection centre. This has become the lively hood of many families in the village during the drought years.

Schools:

In 2013, state Government model school was started. Besides this, there is one high school and two primary schools and around four hundred students study in both English and Telugu media. There are two Anganvadi schools in the village. The schools are having permanent buildings.

Temples:

There are several temples in the village. There was one old Shiva 9 Sr Raja Rajeswara Swamy) temple of more than 500 year old. It was rebuilt by my father Late Sri Methuku Gopal Reddy during 1987-93 with the help of villagers and endowment department of Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. However, he died before the installation of Gods and Goddesses (idols) in the temple. His elder son Sri Methuku Manohar Reddy an Engineer got constructed compound wall and installed the God and Goddesses (Idols) in the year1997. Now, Sri Methuku Manohar reddy is Founder Trusty of the Temple.

There is Hanuman temple in the middle of the Village which was constructed by Late sari Nandibabu, a civil Contractor of Upper Manair Project Canals who stayed in the village. There is Raghupathy Swamy temple on the North east of the village.

There isVenugopala Swamy Temple on the back side of Hanuman Temple in which there is no god which was stolen. Till now, the idol was not installed in the temple. The temple is very old, and it might have been constructed during Choilas / Kakatiyas time ( 10-12 th Century AD).

Besides these temples, there are Peddamma temple, Yellamma Temple, Pochamma temple, Mattadi Pochamma temple, Mysamma Temple and Katta Mysamma Temple.

Flora and Founa:

There was one special type of Sweet Red Tamarind tree near Sri Raja Rajeswara Swamy Temple in the back yard of Sri Late Kondam Bhagvant Reddy. This tree was brought from Khashi and planted in his back yard. However it was cut and now it is non existent. Further there were more than 12 mango and tamarind groves which were cut and removed by the oweners which created more monkey minace in the village.

In 2013 kharif season, the area received good rainfall and village tanks were almost to their full capacity. Further, the Upper Manair Project was filled twice and overflowed for long time. This helped the farmers to cultivate Rice crop under canals (upper manair) and wells as they received water in July. However, the rice yields were poor due to lower number of sushine hours. Besides rice, farmers grown cotton, maize, red gram and casor. The yields lower than normal due to high rainfall.

(Prof. M.Devender Reddy)

References[edit]