Mustang (military officer)
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A mustang is slang term in the United States Armed Forces, referring to a commissioned officer who began his or her career as an enlisted service member. Mustangs are older and more experienced than their peers-in-grade who entered the military via commissioning from one of the service academies (such as the United States Merchant Marine Academy, United States Military Academy, United States Air Force Academy, United States Naval Academy, United States Coast Guard Academy, Officer Candidate School, or the Reserve Officer Training Corps). During the Vietnam War, however, when some Army warrant officer pilots were offered a direct commission to 2nd or 1st Lieutenant, they were usually younger than 25 at the time of commission.
A United States Navy or United States Marine Corps mustang can be a Chief Warrant Officer, a Limited Duty Officer, a Staff Officer, a Restricted Line Officer or an Unrestricted Line Officer, depending on their particular situation.
The original definition of a mustang was a military officer who had earned a battlefield commission; they were especially prevalent during World War II and the Korean War. Notable examples include Audie Murphy (World War II) and David Hackworth (Korean War).
A mustang is currently defined by a continuity in military service from enlisted to officer (i.e., no break in military service). Being a slang term, there is no precise definition or set of criteria to determine which officers can properly be called a "mustang"; however, generally accepted as mustangs are those who earned a Good Conduct Medal, or have completed 5 years of enlisted service prior to earning their commission.
The term originated either just prior to, or during World War II, initially as a naval term, although other service's officers are beginning to be adopt the term.
It refers to the Mustang horse, a wild animal and therefore not a Thoroughbred. A mustang, after being captured, can be tamed and saddle broken but it always has a bit of wild streak, and can periodically revert to its old ways unexpectedly and therefore the owner needs to keep an eye on it at all times. However, since a mustang was formerly a wild and free animal, it may very well be smarter, more capable and have a better survival instinct than thoroughbreds.
- Samuel Chamberlain (1829-1908) - Dragoon sergeant of the Mexican War who re-enlisted in 1861 and eventually became a general.
- Dale Dye (born 1944) - Retired USMC captain. Awarded Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts during the Vietnam War.
- David Hackworth (1930-2005) - Korean War and Vietnam War veteran. Retired in 1971 with the rank of colonel.
- Audie Murphy (1925-1971) - Actor who received the Medal of Honor in WWII and later held a major's commission in the US National Guard.
- Winfield Scott (1786-1865) - War of 1812 cavalry corporal who earned a captain's commission in 1808. Was a three star general during the American Civil War.